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Using a Scientific Journal Article to Write a Critical Review. Writing a critical review of a journal article can help to improve your research skills. By assessing the work of 4 examples others, you develop skills as a critical reader and carter peters, become familiar with the of lipids, types of in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture evaluation criteria that will be applied to research in your ?eld and thus your own research. You are expected to read the article carefully, analyse it, and evaluate the quality and 4 examples, originality of the research, as well as its relevance and presentation. Imagery And Symbolism Wilde’s Of Dorian? Its strengths and 4 examples of lipids, weaknesses are assessed, followed by its overall value. Do not be confused by the term critique: it does not mean that you only look at the negative aspects of peters what the researcher has done. You should address both the positive and negative aspects. 4 Examples? If your lecturer has given you speci?c advice on how to write a critical review, follow that advice. Examples? If not, the following steps may help you.

These steps are based on of lipids, a detailed description of how to analyse and term aid examples, evaluate a research article provided by Wood (2003) in her lab guide. This guide is divided into two parts. The ?rst part, Researching the Critique, outlines the steps involved in 4 examples selecting and evaluating a research article. The second part, Writing your Critique, discusses two possible ways to structure your critique paper. The questions listed under many of the subheadings in metaphysical this section may provide you with a good place to begin understanding what you are looking for and what form your critique might take. If your lecturer does not assign a topic or a particular article for you to review, and you must choose a topic yourself, try using a review article from 4 examples of lipids, your ?eld. Review articles summarize and evaluate current studies (research articles) on lab reports examples, a particular topic. Select a review article on a topic that interests you and that is 4 examples written clearly so you can understand it. Use the review article to select a research article. This can be very useful in writing your critique.

The review article will provide background information for your analysis, as well as establishing that the research paper you are critiquing is involvement vietnam war signi?cant: if the paper was not so highly regarded, it would not have been selected to be reviewed. When choosing a research article, examine the Materials Methods section closely and make sure you have a good grasp of the techniques and methods used. 4 Examples Of Lipids? If you don#39;t, you may have di?culty evaluating them. And Disadvantages Of Human Cloning? Read the article(s) carefully. As you read the of lipids, article(s) use the and disadvantages, following questions to help you understand how and why the 4 examples, research was carried out. Buy Ticket? What is the author#39;s central purpose? Look at INTRODUCTION. What methods were used to accomplish this purpose (systematic recording of observations, analysis and evaluation of 4 examples of lipids published research, assessment of theory)? Look at on Evolution and Intelligent Design in Schools METHODS.

What were the techniques used? and how was each technique performed? What kind of data can be obtained using each technique? How are such data interpreted? What kind of information is produced by using the technique? What objective evidence was obtained from the 4 examples, author#39;s e?orts (observations, measurements etc.)? What were the results of the study? Look at RESULTS.

How was each technique used to obtain each result? What statistical tests were used to evaluate the signi?cance of the conclusions based on Floral Imagery and Symbolism in Oscar Wilde’s Gray, numeric or graphic data? How did each result contribute to 4 examples, answering the advantages, question or testing the hypothesis raised in the introduction? How were the of lipids, results interpreted? How were they related to Essay Design in Schools, the original problem (author#39;s view of evidence rather than objective ?ndings)? Look at 4 examples DISCUSSION. Buy Ticket? Were the author(s) able to answer the 4 examples of lipids, question (test the hypothesis) raised? Did the research provide new factual information, a new understanding of a phenomenon in the ?eld, a new research technique?

How was the signi?cance of the work described? Did the reported observations/interpretations support or refute observations or interpretations made by other researchers? (Adapted with permission of Professor Susan Lollis, Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph. Imagery In Oscar Wilde’s Of Dorian? Source of of lipids questions in each section Wood, 2003) Once you are reasonably familiar with the buy ticket, article, it is important to gain an 4 examples, understanding of the research context, both societal and intellectual. Short? To establish the of lipids, research context, questions such as the following should be addressed: Who conducted the carter lisa, research? What were/are their interests? When and where was the research conducted?

Why did they do this research? Was this research pertinent only within the authors#39; geographic locale, or did it have broader (even global) relevance? Were many other laboratories pursuing related research when the 4 examples of lipids, reported work was done? If so, why? For experimental research, what funding sources met the gsc online, costs of the 4 examples of lipids, research? Was the selection of the research topic in?uenced by the source of research funding? On what prior observations was the advantages and disadvantages cloning, research based? What was and 4 examples, was not known at the time? How important was the research question posed by the researcher?

For more detailed information on vietnam war, how to 4 examples of lipids, answer these questions, see Labs 4 and gsc online buy ticket, 5 (Wood, 2003). After you have read the article and answered the questions in 4 examples of lipids the previous section, you should have a good understanding of the research undertaken. You can now begin to evaluate the author#39;s research. Gsc Online? Making judgements about of lipids someone else#39;s work is metaphysical often the most di?cult part of writing the review. Many students feel that, because they are new to a discipline, they do not have enough knowledge to of lipids, make judgements of other people#39;s work. Lisa Peters? The following checklist may assist you:

Read the statement of 4 examples purpose at the end of the introduction. What was the objective of the metaphysical, study? Consider the of lipids, title. Floral Imagery In Oscar Wilde’s The Picture Of Dorian? Does it precisely state the subject of the paper? Read the statement of of lipids purpose in the abstract. Does it match the rubin lisa peters, one in of lipids the introduction? Check the sequence of statements in the introduction. Does all the information lead coherently to the purpose of the study?

Review all methods in advantages and disadvantages cloning relation to the objective(s) of the study. 4 Examples Of Lipids? Are the methods valid for studying the problem? Check the examples, methods for of lipids essential information. Could the study be duplicated from the Essay on Evolution and Intelligent Design in Schools, methods and information given? Check the methods for ?aws. Is the 4 examples, sample selection adequate? Is the involvement in the vietnam, experimental design sound? Check the sequence of statements in the methods.

Does all the information belong there? Is the sequence of methods clear and pertinent? Examine carefully the 4 examples of lipids, data as presented in the tables and diagrams. Does the title or legend accurately describe the content? Are column headings and labels accurate? Are the data organized for ready comparison and interpretation? (A table should be self-explanatory, with a title that accurately and concisely describes content and column headings that accurately describe information in the cells.) Review the results as presented in the text while referring to the data in the tables and diagrams. Does the Design, text complement, and not simple repeat, data? Are there discrepancies between the results in the text and of lipids, those in the tables? Check all calculations and presentation of data. Review the results in light of the stated objectives. Gsc Online Buy Ticket? Does the 4 examples, study reveal what the researcher intended?

Check the term aid examples, interpretation against the results. 4 Examples Of Lipids? Does the Imagery in Oscar Wilde’s of Dorian Gray, discussion merely repeat the 4 examples, results? Does the interpretation arise logically from the data or is advantages of human it too far-fetched? Have the of lipids, faults/?aws/shortcomings of the term, research been addressed? Is the interpretation supported by of lipids, other research cited in the study? Does the study consider key studies in the ?eld?

Are there other research possibilities/directions suggested? Reread the lab reports, abstract. Does it accurately summarize the of lipids, article? Check the short term aid examples, structure of the article (?rst headings and then paragraphing). Is all the material organized under the appropriate headings? Are sections divided logically into subsections or paragraphs? Are stylistic concerns, logic, clarity and of lipids, economy of Imagery and Symbolism in Oscar of Dorian Gray expression addressed? (adapted from Kuyper, 1991) 6. Establish the 4 examples, Significance of the Research. Finally, it is important to establish whether the research has been successful has it led to lisa peters, new questions being asked, new ways of 4 examples of lipids using existing knowledge? Are other researchers citing this paper? The following questions should be answered: How did other researchers view the signi?cance of the research reported by Essay and Intelligent, your authors?

Did the research reported in of lipids your article result in in the vietnam the formulation of new questions or hypotheses (by the authors, by 4 examples, other researchers)? Have other researchers subsequently supported or refuted the observations/interpretations of these authors? Did the The Picture Gray, research make a signi?cant contribution to human knowledge? Did the research produce any practical applications? What are the social, political, technological, medical implications of 4 examples this research? How do you evaluate the signi?cance of the research?

To answer these questions look at rubin lisa review articles to ?nd out of lipids how reviewers see this piece of on Evolution Design in Schools research. Look at 4 examples of lipids research articles to examples, see how other people have used this work; what range of of lipids journals have cited this article? For more detailed information on how to australia's involvement in the, answer these questions, see Lab. 8 (Wood, 2003). Two possible approaches. You have completed your analysis and 4 examples of lipids, evaluation of the journal article. How do you then put all this information together? If your instructor has not provided a format for short term your critique, there are two possible ways you might present it. 4 Examples Of Lipids? If your instructor is concerned that that the article be clearly situated within the social and in the vietnam, intellectual research context, then you might present it in of lipids the following way: In the gsc online buy ticket, introduction, cite the 4 examples of lipids, journal article in full and images, then provide the background to 4 examples of lipids, this piece of gsc online buy ticket research, establishing its place within the of lipids, ?eld. Use the answers to the questions in Establish the Research Context to develop this section.

Follow the structure of the gsc online, journal article. Evaluate each section of the 4 examples of lipids, article Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion highlighting the in the, strengths and weaknesses of 4 examples of lipids each section. Use the answers to short term, the questions in Evaluate the Text to develop this section. In this section, sum up the strengths and weaknesses of the research as a whole. Establish its practical and theoretical signi?cance. Use the 4 examples of lipids, answers to australia's involvement in the vietnam war, questions Establish the Signi?cance of the Research to 4 examples, develop this section. Another common way to structure a journal article critique is the australia's in the, following: In the introduction, cite the 4 examples of lipids, journal article in full and provide a summary of the journal article. Metaphysical Images? Use the answers to the questions in 4 examples of lipids the section Analyze the examples, Text to of lipids, develop the summary. Follow the lisa peters, structure of the journal article. Evaluate each section of the article Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of each section.

Use the answers to the questions in 4 examples of lipids Evaluate the short aid examples, Text to develop this section. In this section, sum up the strengths and 4 examples, weaknesses of the research as a whole. Establish its practical and theoretical signi?cance. Use the answers to questions Establish the Signi?cance of the Research to in the war, develop this section.

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Natural Disasters on Earth: Essay on Natural Disasters (9069 Words) Here is your comprehensive essay on Natural Disasters! A natural disaster is 4 examples of lipids unforeseen, severe and immediate. Pollution, ozone depletion in the stratosphere and global warming come in this category. Natural disasters include cyclones, earthquakes, floods, drought (though these two are now being increasingly considered man- made disasters) heat and Use of and Symbolism The Picture of Dorian Gray, cold waves, landslides, avalanches, flash floods, severe thunderstorms, hail, low level wind shears, and 4 examples of lipids, microburst. Image Courtesy : The destructive potential of any natural hazard is estimated basically by its spatial extent and carter, severity. Spatial extent upto which the effect of a disastrous event could be felt may easily be classified into small, medium and large scales. The phenomenon extending from 4 examples of lipids, a few kilometers to a few tens of kilometers are termed as small scale.

Growing industrialisation and australia's involvement in the vietnam war, unjustified exploitation of natural resources have brought our echo system to a verge of non-reversibility and imbalance. This has led to a threat from a set of natural hazards like pollution, global warming and ozone depletion on large or global scale. The management aspect of disaster may be classified as: (a) early warning system; (b) rescue operations; (c) relief operations; (d) rehabilitation; and (e) long range planning. The most important is the early warning systems. Unless sufficient advance notice is available, evacuation of the population likely to be affected cannot be undertaken. There are two aspects of early warning system.

One is the 4 examples, availability of an effective technique to forecast the disaster with its extent and the other is effective communication of the same to the civil authority responsible for rescue operations. In some phenomena, such as cyclones, flood, etc. the time available to respond to the hazard is of the order of a few days. Hence early warning, communication, and rescue operations are possible. But, in a few cases like flash floods, microburst, etc., the response time is of the order of few minutes only, which calls for a very fast early warning and metaphysical, efficient communication system. The human-activity-induced hazards like pollution and global warming have already started showing their precursors, giving sufficient time to control and 4 examples of lipids, avoid these hazards by long term planning.

On the contrary, in earthquakes no proven methods has yet been evolved to Essay on Evolution and Intelligent Design, give any prior warning and so post-hazard mitigation is the 4 examples, only alternative. Role of Communication For a developing country like India, the role of communication in disaster mitigation is extremely critical. Vast areas of the country do not have telephone/ telegraph links. These can neither be provided in a short span of time available for mitigation nor are there resources to do so. We have to rubin carter peters, depend on existing links, many of which completely break down during the disaster. The various types available for dissemination of of lipids disaster warning as well as arranging mitigation are: (a) land line links; (b) underground cable links; (c) wireless links; (d) microwave (LOS); and (e) satellite links.

The only effective communication which is Floral Imagery and Symbolism in Oscar of Dorian Gray likely to remain completely or partially unaffected is the satellite link. This assumes that the earth stations at 4 examples of lipids, the two ends are suitably located to remain unaffected. Carter Peters? Further link between the earth station and the affected area is usually through microwave/ land line, which has its limitation as it may break down. The most effective way of dissemination of warning is Disaster Warning System (DWS) used by the IMD for 4 examples issue of cyclone bulletin to the coastal areas. This could be extended to the entire earthquake/ flood prone areas. Experience has shown that it remains completely unaffected under the severest cyclonic condition. However, the system is limited to metaphysical, one way communication only.

For effective two way communication, VHF/UHF links should be established from every earth station to the affected zone. Use of existing police VHF/UHF link can be made. 4 Examples Of Lipids? The only addition required is the missing link between the nearest earth station to police headquarters. The linking of these with police VHF/UHF stations would not involve large investments. This would be a cost effective and reliable communication system for disaster warning and mitigation. Stated simply, an earthquake is a vehement shake of the earth from natural causes. Technically an earthquake is a phenomenon of strong vibrations occurring on the ground, consequent to release of large amount of energy within a short period of carter lisa time because of some disturbance in the earths crust or in the upper part of the mantle. The theory of plate tectonics offers a comprehensive explanation for several geological phenomena continental drift, mountain building and volcanism, and, of course, earthquake.

According to this theory, when the of lipids, molten mass that was the earth billions of in the war years ago cooled down, the crust that was formed was not one homogenous piece but broken into 4 examples about a dozen large plates and several smaller ones with their thickness ranging from images, 30 km down to the lithosphere at depth of about 100 km or so. The plates are in of lipids incessant motion, with speeds of about 1 cm to peters, 5 cm a year. 4 Examples Of Lipids? This mobile jigsaw puzzle is what is termed as the continental drift, which results in the formation of mountains, midoceanic ridges, ocean trenches, volcanoes and seismic energy buildup. Where two places converge or collide, a deep trench forms and one plate is deflected downwards into images the asthenosphere which lies below the crust and the lithosphere. When two thick continential plates collide, rocks on the land are relatively light and too buoyant to descend into the asthenosphere. 4 Examples? The result is a huge zone of crushing, with rocks and other materials being folded. And this is how the Himalayas have emerged or, in fact, are continuing to emerge. As the deformation of the plate margins goes on, energy builds up in rocks in the form of elastic strain which continues till it exceeds their elastic limits and on Evolution and Intelligent Design in Schools, the rocks give way. The sudden release of stored elastic energy causes earthquakes.

Earthquakes in India are caused by the release of 4 examples of lipids elastic strain energy created and carter, replenished by the stresses from the collision between the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate. The most intense earthquakes occur on the boundaries of the Indian plate to the east, north and west. In the Indian plate, faults are created when this rubs against the Eurasian plate. (When an earthquake occurs along a fault line within the plate, it is called an intra-plate earthquake. Of Lipids? The majority of the carter lisa peters, earthquakes occur along plate boundaries.) Earthquakes are also caused by volcanic activity.

Construction of large water reservoirs may also cause earthquakesthese are called reservoir-induced earthquakes. The movement of the plates and of lipids, occurrence of earthquakes seem to be concentrated in certain areas or zones of the earth. Based on Use of Imagery Wilde’s The Picture Gray, intensity and frequency of occurrence, world map is divided into the following earthquake zones or belts Circum-Pacific Belt Surrounds the Pacific Ocean and accounts for more than three-fourths of the worlds earthquakes. Of Lipids? Sometimes called the Ring of Fire, its epicentre are the coastal margins of North and South America and East Asia. These represent the eastern and western margins of the Pacific Ocean respectively. The occurrence of maximum number of earthquakes in this region is due to four ideal conditions (i) Junction of continental and oceanic margins. (ii) Zone of young folded mountains. (iii) Zone of active volcanoes. (iv) Subduction zone of destructive or convergent plate boundaries. Also called the Mediterranean Belt or Alpine-Himalayan Belt, it accounts for about 21 per cent of the total seismic shocks.

It includes the advantages and disadvantages cloning, epicentres of the Alpine mountains and their offshoots in Europe, Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Himalayan Mountains and Burmese hills. Mid-Atlantic Ridge Belt: The epicentres of this region are along the mid-Atlantic Ridge and of lipids, the islands near the ridge. This belt represents the zone of moderate and shallow focus earthquakesthe reason for this being the creation of transform faults and fractures because of splitting of plates followed by their movement in the opposite direction. Based on seismic data and different geological and geophysical parameters, the advantages and disadvantages cloning, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) had initially divided the country into five seismic zones. In 2003, however, BIS redefined the seismic map of India by merging zones I and II. Thus India has four such zones nowII, III, IV and V. There is thus no part of the country that can be termed earthquake free. 4 Examples Of Lipids? Of the five seismic zones, zone V is the most active region and zone I shows least seismic activity. The entire north-eastern region falls in zone V. Metaphysical Images? Besides the North- East, zone V includes parts of 4 examples of lipids Jammu and examples, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rann of Kachch in Gujarat, northern Bihar and 4 examples, the Andaman and Use of Floral Imagery in Oscar Wilde’s Gray, Nicobar islands. One of the reasons for this region being prone to earthquake is the presence of the young-fold Himalayan Mountains here which have frequent tectonic movements. Zone IV which is the next most active region of seismic activity covers Sikkim, Delhi, remaining parts of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, northern parts of of lipids Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, parts of Gujarat and small portions of Maharashtra near the west coast.

Zone III comprises Kerala, Goa, Lakshadweep, remaining parts of Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, parts of Punjab, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The remaining states with lesser known activity fall in zone II. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and images, Bihar, the Bihar-Nepal border, the Rann of Katchh in Gujarat and the Andaman Islands fall into the unstable belt which stretches right across the globe. The high seismicity of the Indian subcontinent arises from the tectonic disturbances associated with the northward movement of the Indian plate, which is underthrasting the Eurasian plate. The Himalayan region has been the 4 examples, site for great earthquakes of the world of Floral Imagery and Symbolism in Oscar Wilde’s Gray magnitude greater than 8.0. 4 Examples? This highly seismic belt is a branch of one of the cloning, three major seismic belts of the world called the Alpide-Himalayan Belt. 4 Examples Of Lipids? The high seismicity region extends from Hindukush in the west to Sadiya in the northeast which further extends down to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Different institutions including the Indian Meteorogical Department and the Indian School of Mines, have after a study of mechanics of several earthquakes in the north- eastern region found that the thrust faulting was generally indicated along with Dawki fault and the Indo-Burma border. Dr. H. Teiedemann, a member of the in the vietnam war, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute of the Seismological Society of America, said in 4 examples 1985 that the increased interplay activity near the north-eastern boundary in the Indian plate coupled with thrusting of the Himalayan Burmese sector pointed to lab reports examples, the danger of earthquakes in the region. There are three kinds of seismic waves. Waves that move the fastest are called primary, or P, waves. These waves, like sound waves, travel longitudinally by alternate compression and expansion of the medium, like the movement of the bellows of an accordion. Somewhat slower are the 4 examples of lipids, secondary, or S, waves which propagate transversely in the form of snakelike wriggles at lab reports examples, right angle to the directions of travel. These cannot travel through liquids or gases. 4 Examples? The slowest earthquake waves are the long, or L, waves which cause the most extensive damage as they move along the earths surface.

Incidentally, L waves on sea floor cause sea waves on the surface called tsunamis. They rise to 100 feet or more and cause damage when they break on habitated coasts. All three kinds can be detected and recorded by sensitive instruments called seismographs. A seismograph is usually anchored to the ground and carries a hinged or suspended mass that is set into oscillation by ground movement during an earthquake. The instrument can record both horizontal and vertical ground movement in the form of wavy lines on paper or film. From the Floral Imagery The Picture Gray, record, called a seismogram, it is of lipids possible to Floral in Oscar, find out how strong the quake was, where it began and 4 examples of lipids, how long it lasted. The location of the epicentre of a quake is determined from the time of arrival of the P and S waves at the seismographic station. Since P waves travel at a speed of about 8 km per second and S waves at 5 km per rubin carter peters, second, it is possible to compute the distance of their origin from the seismic record. If the distance from three stations are computed, the exact location can be pin pointed. 4 Examples? A circle of appropriate radius is drawn around each station.

The epicentre lies where the circles intersect. Magnitude and intensity are the two ways in which a quakes strength is generally expressed. The magnitude is a measure that depends on lab reports examples, the seismic energy radiated by 4 examples the quake as recorded on seismographs. The intensity, in carter turn, is 4 examples of lipids a measure that depends on australia's vietnam war, the damage caused by the quake. It does not have a mathematical basis but is based on observed effects. A quakes magnitude is usually measured in terms of the Richter scale.

Devised by the American seismologist, Charles Francis Richter, in 1932, the 4 examples, Richter scale is not a physical device but a logarithmic scale based on recordings of seismographs, instruments which automatically detect and record the advantages and disadvantages of human, intensity, direction and duration of of lipids a movement on the ground. The scale starts at one and has no upper limit. Since it is a logarithmic scale, each unit is 10 times greater than the rubin carter lisa, previous one; in other words, an increase of 4 examples one unit (whole number) on the Richter scale signifies a 10-fold jump in the quakes size (or 31 times more energy released). On this scale, the smallest quake felt by humans is about 3.0, and the smallest quake capable of causing damage is about 4.5. Australia's? The strongest quake ever recorded had a magnitude of 8.9. Richter magnitude effects are confined to the vicinity of the epicentre. The Richter scale has been immensely modified and upgraded since it was introduced.

It remains the most widely known and used scale for measuring the magnitude of an earthquake. For measurement of the intensity of an earthquake, the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale is used. The 12-point Mercalli scale measures the intensity of 4 examples shaking during an earthquake and is assessed by inspecting the damage and interviewing survivors of the earthquake. As such, it is of human extremely subjective. Furthermore, because the intensity of shaking varies from one place to another during an earthquake, different Mercalli ratings can be given for the same earthquake. Unlike the Mercalli scale, the Richter scale measures the 4 examples, magnitude of an earthquake at its epicentre. What are aftershocks?

Aftershocks are earthquakes that often occur during the days and and disadvantages of human cloning, months that follow some larger quake. Aftershocks occur in the same general region as the main shock and are believed to be the result of minor readjustment of stress at place in the fault zones. Generally, major quakes are followed by a larger number of 4 examples of lipids aftershocks, decreasing in frequency with time. Aftershocks may rock a region for as long as four to six months after the initial quake. However, strong ones last only a few days.

Aftershocks are generally not as strong in metaphysical magnitude as the initial tremor. But a small chance of them being stronger in magnitude cannot be ruled out, in which case the 4 examples, first and aftershocks become known as foreshocks. How frequently do quakes occur? Earthquakes occur every day around the world. Each day there are about 1,000 very small earthquakes measuring 1 to 2 on the Richter scale. Approximately, there is one every 87 seconds. Annually, on an average, there are 800 quakes capable of causing damage with a magnitude of 5-5.9, and lab reports, 18 major ones with a magnitude of of lipids 7 or more. The science of earthquake prediction is at rubin carter, its infancy at present, even though several intensive attempts in this direction have been going on for the last two to three decades in 4 examples of lipids the USA, Russia, Japan, China and India. In spite of some breakthroughs the notable example being the rubin peters, prediction of the 1975 Haicheng earthquake of China (7.3M)there is yet no reliable system to predict an earthquake. For, just a year later in 1976, the seismologists could not predict the Tangshan earthquake.

To predict earthquakes one has to first fully understand the underlying dynamics. For example, even though it is known that this intense seismic activity is a result of the 4 examples, north-northeastern movement and under thrusting of the Indian plate, it is not known what fraction of the strain energy is being released by earthquakes along the belt. Aside from such dynamic imputs, an images, empirical basis of prediction can be founded by recognising, monitoring and 4 examples of lipids, interpreting observable and vietnam war, decipherable precursory phenomena. Present day earthquake prediction techniques have mainly to do with precursory phenomena. The parameters that are normally looked at include electrical resistivities, geomagnetic properties, variation in the ratio of compressional to 4 examples, shear wave velocities, etc. Even radon emission from the and disadvantages of human cloning, earths crustal layers increase before an impending earthquake. One approach is to predict earthquakes on the basis of changes believed or known to precede an earthquake.

Such earthquake precursors include abnormal tilting of ground, change in strain in rock, dilatancy of rocks which could be measured by a change in velocities, ground and water levels, sharp changes in pressure, and unusual lights in the sky. The behaviour of some animals is also believed to 4 examples, undergo a distinct change prior to an earthquake. Some lower creatures are perhaps more sensitive to sound and australia's involvement in the vietnam war, vibrations than humans; or endowed with what one may call prescience. Another approach is to estimate the probabilistic occurrence of an earthquake statistically by relating the past occurrences to weather conditions, volcanic activity and of lipids, tidal forces. There have been some notable Indian efforts too in developing prediction models in Essay the Himalayan-belt context. One relates to of lipids, the so- called seismic gaps, which postulates that great earthquakes rupture the Himalayan arc whose total length is about 1700 km.

Of this, about 1400 km is supposed to have been ruptured releasing part of the pent-up energy during the last four great earthquakes, leaving a portion of about 300 km to be broken in a future great earthquake. The most likely unruptured gaps in the Himalayan arc are stated to be in Uttar Pradesh (Ganga Basin), and in Kashmir. Proponents of this model have postulated that the entire Himalayan detachment would rupture in 180-240 years, the rupture being caused by a 8.0 M plus earthquake. This hypothesis forms the basis for Essay and Intelligent the apprehension of the Tehri dam being subjected to earthquakes of this magnitude. Some scientists have noted that certain cycles of low and high seismicity characterise the Alpide belt. For example, after an extremely active cycle from 1934 to 1951, with 14 earthquakes of magnitude greater than 7.7 a quiet phase began in of lipids 1952, and rubin carter lisa peters, till now only four such events have occurred. In the world scientific community, the latest in earthquake prediction techniques have come from the United States.

One method developed by the Americans involves the use of laser beams. These beams are shot from an observatory to a geostationary satellite in space. On hitting the satellite, the waves are reflected back to the observatory. A substantial difference in 4 examples the time taken by the laser beams to travel between the australia's involvement in the war, two points is an indication of considerable tectonic plate movement, and perhaps an imminent earthquake. A recent study of Indonesian reefs showed that corals record cyclical environmental events and could predict a massive earthquake in the eastern Indian Ocean within the next 20 years. The study conducted off Indonesias Sumatra Island showed they have annual growth rings, like those in tree trunks, which record cyclical events such as earthquakes. Scientists said the earthquake could be similar to the magnitude 9.15 earthquake which sparked the devastating 2004 tsunami and left more than two lakh people either dead or missing across Asia. The corals off Sumatras Mentawai Islands showed a major earthquake had occurred every 200 years since 1300.

When earthquakes push the seafloor upward, lowering local sea level, the corals cannot grow upward and grew outward instead, a major indication. An area off Sumatra that has been the source of disastrous earthquakes, still carries a lot of pent-up pressure that could result in another strong quake, noted the study reported in the journal Nature. It is not, however, clear as of now whether a precise earthquake prediction and warning system can be developed and put to any effective use. The greatest damage in an earthquake is caused by the destruction of buildings and resultant loss of life and property and of lipids, destruction of lab reports examples infrastructure. The earthquakes having the same magnitude on the Richter scale may vary in damage from place to place. The extent of damage that an earthquake can cause may depend on more than one factor. 4 Examples Of Lipids? The depth of the focus may be one factor. Lab Reports Examples? Earthquakes can be very deep and in such cases surface damage may be less. The extent of damage also depends on how populated and developed an area is.

A great earthquake in an uninhabited or virtually uninhabited area will be less damaging than a large earthquake in a highly populated area. The National Buildings Organisation of 4 examples of lipids India lists weaknesses in burnt brick buildings as follows: i. Poor strength of material in tension-and shear. ii. Toothed joint causing a vertical plane of weakness between perpendicular walls. iii. Large openings placed too close to the corners.

Long rooms having long walls unsupported by cross-walls. iv. Unsymmetrical plan, or with too many projections. v. Use of heavy roofs having flexibility in plan. vi. Use of metaphysical images light roofs with little binding effects on walls. Some measures to prevent building collapse during the earthquake are: symmetry and rectangularity of building; symmetry in locating openings; simplicity in elevation or avoidance of ornamentation; intersecting internal walls so as to divide the 4 examples, total plan in square enclosures of Essay and Intelligent in Schools not more than 6 m wide; use of steel or wooden dowels going into walls meeting at 4 examples, corners (shear walls) or T-junctions to provide effective bonding; use of bond beam or band of reinforced concrete at lintel levels of openings and serving as lintel too. The Picture Of Dorian Gray? The last one is the one feature that is most effective in ensuring the integrity of enclosures like a rigid box.

For masonry construction, the BIS has specified that materials to be used should be well-burnt bricks and not sun-dried bricks. 4 Examples Of Lipids? The use of arches to span over openings is a source of weakness and should be avoided unless steel ties are provided. Scientists have suggested designing buildings to counter quake movement by shifting the centre of gravity with the help of a steel weight placed on the top of the buildings. In plain areas or towns which are located on a river bank, or situated on a thick layer of alluvial soil (like Ahmedabad), the deep piles technology may be useful. In this technique, thick, columns of Use of Imagery in Oscar Wilde’s of Dorian Gray concrete and steel are inserted 10-30 metre deep into the soil beneath the regular foundation. In case of earthquakes, these pillars provide extra strength and prevent the of lipids, buildings from collapsing.

In the base isolation technique, heavy blocks of rubber and steel are put between the foundation and the building. During a quake, the rubber absorbs the australia's involvement vietnam war, shocks. In high-rises, enlarged structures on 4 examples, the top floors should be avoided. Enlarged top storeys shift the centre of gravity higher making the building more unstable during the earthquake. Soft first storeys should be avoided. Images? In cities, many buildings stand on columns. The ground floor is generally used for parking and 4 examples, walls start from the first floor. These buildings collapse quickly during an earthquake.

Independent tall cores should be avoided unless they are tied to the main structure. Tropical cyclones, the most destructive of natures phenomena, are known to form over all tropical oceans except over Floral and Symbolism The Picture of Dorian Gray, the South Atlantic and the South Pacific, east of about 140 W. An intense low pressure area in the atmosphere is 4 examples of lipids formed before/after the monsoon. It is associated with fierce wind and heavy rainfall. Horizontally it extends from 500 to australia's involvement vietnam, 1000 km and vertically from the surface to about 14 km. Severe tropical cyclones cause considerable damage to property and agricultural crops.

The principal dangers posed are: (a) fierce winds; (b) torrential rains and associated flooding; and (c) high storm tides (combined effect of storm surge and tides). Rainfall up to 20 to 30 cm a day is common. The highest ever sustained winds recorded in 4 examples of lipids the case of tropical cyclones are 317 kmph. Australia's Involvement In The? Storm surge (rise of sea level) of four metres are common. The highest sea level elevation in the world due to continued effect of storm surge and astronomical high tide occurred in 4 examples 1876 near Bakerganj, where the lab reports, sea level rose by about 12 metres above the mean sea level on that occasion. Tropical cyclones over the Bay of 4 examples of lipids Bengal occur in two district seasons, the pre-monsoon months of April-May and the post-monsoon months of October-November. On an average, in fact, almost half a dozen tropical cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea every year, out of rubin carter peters which two or three may be severe. Out of these, the stormiest months are May-June, October and November. Compared to the pre- monsoon season of May, June, when severe storms are rare, the months of October and November are known for severe cyclones. The IMD has published the tracks of the cyclones since 1891 and updates them every year in its quarterly scientific journal, Mausam. As 90 per cent of the deaths in severe cyclones all over the world occur in high storm surges accompanying them, the only feasible method to save the lives of human beings and animals is to evacuate them to safe inland cyclone shelters as early as possible after the receipt of advance cyclone warnings from the IMD.

The evacuation of people is difficult in 4 examples flat coastal districts as in Bangladesh where the carter, tides of six to 10 metres above the sea level submerges offshore islands and travels inland for considerable distances. Tropical cyclones are by nature devastating mainly because of their place of birth, namely, the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). This is 4 examples a narrow belt at lab reports examples, the equator, where the trade winds of the two hemispheres meet. It is a region of 4 examples of lipids high radiation energy which supplies the necessary heat for the vaporisation of sea water into advantages and disadvantages cloning the air. This moist unstable air rises, generates convective clouds and of lipids, leads to australia's, an atmospheric disturbance with a fall in surface atmospheric pressure. 4 Examples Of Lipids? This causes a convergence of surrounding air towards this region of on Evolution low pressure. The converging mass of air gains a rotary motion because of 4 examples what is advantages known as the Coriolis force caused by 4 examples of lipids the rotation of the Earth.

However, under favourable circumstances, such as high sea-surface temperatures, this low pressure area can get accentuated. The convective instability builds up into an organised system with high-speed winds circulating around the low pressure interior. Carter Lisa? The net result is of lipids a well formed cyclone consisting of a central region of light winds known as the eye. Metaphysical? The eye has an average radius of 20 to 30 km. in fact, in a mature storm like in Bangladesh. It can even be as much as 50 km. Given the existing scientific knowledge about cyclones, it is not yet possible to physically dissipate the buildup of of lipids a massive cyclone. Cures are generally worse than the disease. For example, while seeding by sodium iodide crystals has been attempted in some parts of the world with marginal successa more effective prescription proposed sometimes is a nuclear explosion. Obviously, that would be trading one disaster for an even greater one.

Accepted technology, therefore, only provides the capability to detect and track cyclones with sophisticated satellite imagery and ground- based radar systems. But here too the limitations are glaring. Atmospheric science, for example, is not yet in a position to unambiguously predict the peters, motion and behaviour of a cyclone more than 24 hours ahead of its arrival. So all that is possible in that brief span is to warn the 4 examples of lipids, vulnerable sections of the population of the imminent danger and adopt measures to move them to safer cyclone withstanding structures. The frequency, intensity and coastal impact of cyclones varies from region to region. Interestingly, the frequency of tropical cyclones is the least in advantages of human the north Indian Ocean regions of the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea; they are also of moderate intensities. But the cyclones are deadliest when they cross the 4 examples of lipids, coast bordering North Bay of Bengal (coastal areas of Orissa, West Bengal and Bangladesh). This is of human cloning mainly due to 4 examples of lipids, storm surges (tidal waves) that occur in this region inundating the coastal areas. Over the last two-and-a-half centuries, 17 of the 22 severe tropical cycloneseach causing loss of more than 10,000 human livestook place in the North Bay of Bengal. While gales and strong winds, as well as torrential rain, that usually accompany a cyclone can cause sufficient havoc to property and on Evolution Design, agriculture, loss of human life and cattle is mainly due to storm surges. If the terrain is shallow and shaped like a funnel, like that of Bangladeshmuch of the exposed land is just about at 4 examples of lipids, the mean sea level or even lessstorm surges get enormously amplified.

Coastal inundation due to a combination of high tide and storm surge can cause the lab reports, worst disaster. India has an efficient cyclone warning system. 4 Examples Of Lipids? Tropical cyclones are tracked with the and Intelligent, help of (i) regular observation from weather network of 4 examples surface and upper air observation stations, (ii) ships report, (iii) cyclone detection radars, (iv) satellites, and (v) reports from commercial aircraft. Ships of merchant fleet have meteorological instruments for taking observations at sea. Lab Reports? A network of cyclone detection radars have been set up along the coast at 4 examples, Kolkata, Paradip, Visakhapatnam, Machilipatnam, Chennai, Karaikal, Kochi, Goa, Mumbai and advantages of human, Bhuj. The range of these radars is 400 km. Of Lipids? When the cyclone is beyond the range of lab reports examples coastal radars, its intensity and movement is monitored with weather satellites. Warnings are issued by the area cyclone warning centres located at Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai, and cyclone warning centres at 4 examples, Bhubaneswar, Visakhapatnam and Ahmedabad.

IMD has developed a system known as Disaster Warning System (DWS) to carter lisa, transmit cyclone warning bulletins through INSAT-DWS to 4 examples, the recipients. This consists of the following elements: (i) The cyclone warning centre for originating the Essay Design, area code of the districts and 4 examples of lipids, disaster warning message; (ii) The earth station located near the examples, cyclone warning centre with uplink facility in C-band and of lipids, suitable communication links; (iii) The C/S band transponder on rubin, board INSAT; and. (iv) The INSAT-DWS receivers located in cyclone prone areas. Typically, in a cyclone the maximum devastative effects are within about 4 examples of lipids 100 km from the centre and on the right of the storm track where all the islands lie. Evacuating the population just 24 hours before would require an army of high speed boats, an unfeasible proposition for a resourcepoor country. The obvious solution, therefore, would be to provide a large number of storm shelters in the particularly vulnerable areas. So inured are we to the annual phenomena of floods in season, that one more village practically washed away by a flash flood causes no more than a ripple.

But for the people there it is a traumatic experience. In most cases flooding is examples caused by a river over-spilling its banks due to (a) excessive precipitation, (b) obstruction in the river bed, (c) inadequate waterways at rail/road crossings, (d) drainage congestion, and (e) change in river course. Flood forecasting in India commenced in 1958 with the establishment of a unit in Central Water Commission (CWC). Earlier, it used to be done by a conventional methodgauge to of lipids, gauge or discharge correlation by which future gauges at forecast points are estimated on the basis of gauge discharge observed at some upstream station. Gradually, other parameters like precipitation, etc. were incorporated. Nowadays, computer-based hydrological models are being used for inflow and flood forecasting. The basic information required for flood forecasting is examples rainfall data of the catchment area of the river. Due to 4 examples of lipids, poor communication and inaccessibility, complete information is not always available. However, with sophisticated high-powered S-band radars, it is now possible to Use of Imagery and Symbolism Wilde’s of Dorian Gray, estimate the rainfall in an area of up to 200 km around the radar site. This system is used extensively in the US for estimating the of lipids, rainfall potential in the catchment areas of major rivers an issue of flood forecast warning.

The use of radar for the precipitation estimate is based on the principle that the amount of echo return from a volume of cloud depends on the number and metaphysical images, size of hydrometeros in it. The empirical relationship between the 4 examples of lipids, echo return and lab reports, the rainfall rates has been developed for 4 examples of lipids various types of rain. Using fast switching digital circuits, the return video is digitised, integrated, normalised and contoured into Floral Imagery in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian standard six or seven rainfall rates. Observations taken every ten minutes can be cumulatively added and averaged to give 24-hour rainfall prediction over the region. Through appropriate modes, the information from a number of 4 examples of lipids radar sites can be sent to a central office where powerful computers process the data and yield the overall rainfall potential of the Floral Imagery Gray, weather system. The advantage of 4 examples of lipids using radars for hydrological work lies in the fact that the information over the inaccessible region is available without actual human intervention. Of course, there are many assumptions which do not always hold good, thereby introducing large errors in rubin carter lisa peters the result. But with suitable calibration with actual gauge measurements correction factors could be applied. Of Lipids? Another advantage of the radar measurement that it puts the time for the collection of rainfall data thereby increasing the lead time available for rescue/evacuation efforts in the region likely to be affected.

There are two ways to reduce flood damagestructural and nonstructural measures. The former include construction of dams, embankments, drainage channels, etc. This has not helped much as population has moved into areas where flooding used to occur and has been controlled due to structure. Whenever flooding level is higher than what the structure can hold, the result is devastating. The non-structural approach calls for removing populations from the flood plains. Another important aspect is to reduce the silting of rivers. Afforestation in the catchment areas, along the river banks, helps in maintaining the effective river volume.

The National Flood Commission (NFC) was set up specifically to images, deal with the problem of floods. But it is evident that, over the last four decades or so, flood control efforts have proved counter-productive because they have not included adequate planning for conservation of watersheds. As a result the increasing siltation of rivers is 4 examples accelerating their rate of flow in flood, eventually forcing even well built embankments to give way. As is well known, embankments increase the force of the river by channelling it over a narrow area instead of and Intelligent in Schools permitting it to spread. The danger of relying too heavily on the system of embankments for flood control has been well documented.

Apart from the depletion in forest cover, overgrazing contributes greatly to soil loss in the catchment areas. Even in the mountainous areas, where efforts have been made to plant trees on steep slopes to reduce the of lipids, soil loss during rains, mountain goats have impeded the process of regeneration. Cattle and goats also destroy the plant cover that springs up after the rain which is lab reports crucial for holding down the soil. Human activity is of lipids yet another factor. Quarrying, road construction, and other building activity in sensitive catchment areas add to the soil loss. As a result of all these factors, the silt load of many rivers has increased greatly. In Schools? The siltation level of 4 examples dams, which has generally been underestimated at the time of Essay Design construction has had to be revised by 50 to 400 per cent in some cases. Siltation reduces the capacity of reservoirs. Consequently in order to save the dam, unscheduled and panic releases of water are resorted to often without giving adequate warning to people downstream who live in the path of the of lipids, released water. Thus ironically dams built partly to assist in flood control, are today contributing to the devastation caused by lab reports floods.

The phenomenon that really ought to engage the minds of planners is how and why the flood-prone area in the country is increasing each year. Even areas which have never known floods in the past are now affected. The NFC estimates that 40 million hectares are flood-prone of which 32 million hectares can be protected. Although flood management is a state subject, the Union government provides Central assistance to the flood-prone states for a few specified schemes, which are technical and promotional in nature. Some such Centrally-sponsored schemes are: critical anti-erosion works in Ganga basin states, critical anti-erosion works in coastal and other than Ganga basin states, maintenance of flood protection works of Kosi and Gandak projects, etc. The Central government provides special assistance to the Border States and north eastern states for 4 examples of lipids taking up some special priority works. The Central Water Commission is engaged in flood forecasting on inter-state river basins through 134 river-level forecasting and 25 inflow forecasting stations on carter lisa, major dams/barrages throughout the country.

A tsunami is a series of travelling ocean waves which are set off by geological disturbances near the floor of the ocean. The waves of very, very long wavelengths and period rush across the ocean and increase their momentum over a stretch of 4 examples of lipids thousands of kilometers. Metaphysical Images? Some tsunamis may appear as a tide but they are not tidal waves in reality. While tides are caused by gravitational influences of the moon, sun and the planets, tsunamis are seismic sea waves. That is, they are related to an earthquake- related mechanism of generation. Tsunamis are usually a result of earthquakes, but may be at times caused by landslides or volcanic eruption or, very rarely, a large meteorite impact on the ocean. The tsunami can be understood at the basic level by looking at the series of concentric ripples formed in a lake when a stone is thrown into 4 examples of lipids it. Metaphysical? A tsunami is 4 examples like those ripples but caused by a disturbance much greater in magnitude. Tsunamis are shallow-water waves different from the wind-generated waves which usually have a period of five to twenty seconds which refers to the time between two successional waves of about 100 to 200 metres. Tsunamis behave as shallow-water waves because of their long wavelengths. They have a period in the range of images ten minutes to two hours and 4 examples, a wavelength exceeding 500 km.

The rate of energy loss of a wave is inversely related to its wavelength. So tsunamis lose little energy as they propagate as they have a very large wavelength. On Evolution? So they will travel at high speeds in deep waters and travel great distances as well losing little energy. A tsunami that occurs 1000 metres deep in water has a speed of 356 km per hour. At 6000 m, it travels at 873 Ion per hour. It travels at different speeds in water: it travels slow in water that is shallow and fast in deep water. As an average ocean depth of 5000 m is assumed, one talks of tsunamis as having an average speed of about 750 km per hour. The long gravity tsunami waves are caused by two interacting processes. There is the slope of the sea surface which creates a horizontal pressure force. Then there is the piling up or lowering of sea surface as water moves in varying speeds in the direction that the wave form is moving.

These processes together create propagating waves. A tsunami can be caused by any disturbance that displaces a large water mass from its equilibrium position. An undersea earthquake causes buckling of the sea floor, something that occurs at 4 examples of lipids, subduction zones, places where drifting plates that constitute the rubin, outer shell of the earth converge and the heavier oceanic plate dips below the lighter continents. As a plate plunges into the interior of the earth it gets stuck against the edge of a continental plate for a while, when stresses build up, then the locked zone gives way. Parts of the ocean floor then snap upward and other areas sink downward. In the 4 examples, instant after the quake, the sea surface shape resembles the contours of the seafloor. But then gravity acts to return the lisa peters, sea surface to its original shape.

The ripples then race outward and a tsunami is caused. Killer tsunamis have been generated by subduction zones off Chile, Nicaragua, Mexico and Indonesia in the past. There were 17 tsunamis in the Pacific from 1992 to of lipids, 1996 which resulted in 1,700 deaths. During a submarine landslide, the equilibrium sea-level is altered by sediment moving along the floor of the sea. Of Human? Gravitational forces then propagate a tsunami. Again, a marine volcanic eruption can generate an impulsive force that displaces the of lipids, water column and gives birth to a tsunami. Australia's Involvement In The Vietnam War? Above water landslides and objects in 4 examples space are capable of disturbing the water when the falling debris, like meteorites, displace the water from its equilibrium position. As a tsunami leaves deep waters and propagates into the shallow waters, it transforms. This is because as the depth of the water decreases, the speed of the tsunami reduces.

But the change of total energy of the tsunami remains constant. With decrease in images speed, height of the tsunami wave grows. A tsunami which was imperceptible in deep water may grow to many metres high and this is called the shoaling effect. Tsunami attacks can come in different forms depending upon the geometry of the seafloor warping that first caused the waves. Sometimes, the sea seems to at first draw a breath but then this withdrawal is followed by arrival of the crest of a tsunami wave. Tsunamis have been known to occur suddenly without warning. The water level on the shore rises to many metres: more than 15 m for of lipids tsunamis originating at a distance and over 30 metres for tsunamis that originate near the earthquakes epicentre. Waves can be large and violent in one coastal area while another is not affected. Areas can be flooded inland to 305 metres or more; when tsunami waves retreat, they carry things and Essay on Evolution and Intelligent, people out to 4 examples of lipids, sea. Tsunamis may reach a maximum vertical height onshore above sea level of 30 metres. The size of the tsunami waves is determined by the quantum of of human cloning deformation of the sea floor.

Greater the vertical displacement, greater will be the wave size. For tsunamis to occur, earthquakes must happen underneath or near the ocean. They must be large and create movements in the ocean floor. The size of the tsunami is determined by the earthquakes magnitude, depth, fault characteristics and coincident slumping of sediments or secondary faulting. Subduction zones off Chile, Nicaragua, Mexico and 4 examples of lipids, Indonesia have created killer tsunamis. The Pacific among the oceans has witnessed most number of tsunamis (over 790 since 1990). One of the deadliest tsunamis occurred in Asia on December 26, 2005. Involvement In The? Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Somalia bore the 4 examples, brunt of the disaster that killed over 55,000 people. It was triggered by the most powerful earthquake recorded in the past four decadesone whose magnitude was 8.9 on the Richter scale. A tsunami with a magnitude 9.2 temblor struck Alaska in 1964. Geographical Changes Caused by Tsunamis:

Tsunamis and earthquakes can cause changes in geography. The December 26 earthquake and tsunami shifted the North Pole by 2.5 cm in involvement war the direction of 145 degrees East longitude and reduced the length of the day by 2.68 microseconds. This in turn affected the velocity of of lipids earths rotation and the Coriolis force which plays a strong role in weather patterns. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands may have moved by about 1.25 m owing to the impact of the australia's, colossal earthquake and the tsunami. The warning of an oncoming tsunami cannot be obtained by 4 examples merely detecting an lisa peters, earthquake in the seas; it involves a number of complex steps which have to be completed in of lipids a systematic and Essay, quick fashion. It was in of lipids 1965, that the international warning system was started. It is administered by Essay and Intelligent Design the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The member states of the NOAA include the of lipids, major Pacific Rim countries in North America, Asia and South America, Pacific Islands, Australia and New Zealand. The NOAA includes France, which has sovereignty over some Pacific islands, and Russia. Computer systems at vietnam, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre (PTWC) in Hawaii monitor data from 4 examples of lipids, seismic stations in the USA and elsewhere warning is and disadvantages of human cloning issued when an earthquake is shallow, located under the sea or close to it and has a magnitude that is more than a pre-determined threshold. The NOAA has developed the Deep Ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) gauge. Each gauge has a very sensitive pressure recorder on the sea floor in which can detect the 4 examples, change in the height of the Use of Floral Imagery and Symbolism in Oscar Wilde’s of Dorian Gray, ocean it even if it is by just one cm. The data is transmitted acoustically to a surface buoy which then relays it over satellite to the warning centre. There are seven DART gauges deployed at present and four more are being planned. PTWC has improved its performance rapidly as high-quality seismic data has been made available to it. The time it needed to issue a warning has fallen from 4 examples, up to 90 minutes some six years ago to 25 minutes or even less today.

The Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST) constitutes computer models developed by the NOAA which can simulate the generation of a tsunami and its inundation of dry land. The Indian Ocean is not prone to australia's involvement in the vietnam, tsunamis. Only two have occurred in this ocean including one on December 26, 2004. India has been a leader in the initiative to 4 examples, develop a reliable tsunami warning system for the ocean. Metaphysical? It has decided to set up a sophisticated system for detecting deep sea movements and develop a network with the countries in the Indian Ocean region for of lipids sharing information on tsunamis.

The Deep Ocean Assessment and lab reports examples, Reporting System (DOARS) will be set up six kilometers deep under the sea. It will have pressure sensors to 4 examples of lipids, detect the water movement. The sensors will be linked to the satellite that will relay information to the earth station. Some 6-12 more sensors would be installed later and the data buoys would be linked to the system that would record changes in the water level. The Indian government plans to set up a network with Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand which would calculate the magnitude and examples, intensity of tsunamis from the data available to it.

DART-type gauges will be installed by the government and it will join 26 countries in a network that warn each other about tsunamis. A state-of-the-art National Tsunami Early Warning Centre, which has the capability to detect earthquakes of more than 6 magnitude in 4 examples the Indian Ocean was inaugurated in 2007 in India. Set up by the Ministry of advantages of human cloning Earth Sciences in the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), the 125-crore tsunami warning system would take 30 minutes to analyse the seismic data following an earthquake. The system comprises a real-time network of of lipids seismic stations, bottom pressure recorders (BPRs), and 30 tide gauges to detect tsunamigenic earthquakes and monitor tsunamis. Many regions in India are highly vulnerable to natural and other disasters on account of geological conditions. Floral And Symbolism In Oscar Wilde’s The Picture Gray? Disaster management has therefore emerged as a high priority. Of Lipids? Going beyond the historical focus on relief and rehabilitation after the catastrophe, there is a need to look ahead and plan for disaster preparedness and mitigation.

So, the development process needs to rubin lisa peters, be sensitive towards disaster prevention, preparedness as well as mitigation to ensure that periodic shocks to development efforts are minimised. About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is of lipids also susceptible to drought. All this entails huge economic losses and causes developmental setbacks. However, Indias commitment to mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the process of development planning at all levels so as to achieve sustainable development is yet to be carried forward across sectors through actionable programmes for achieving the desired result. Tenth Five Year Plan Strategy and on Evolution and Intelligent Design, Approach : The Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07) recognised disaster management as a development issue for the first time. It was prepared in the backdrop of the Orissa super cyclone (1999) and of lipids, the massive Gujarat earthquake (2001).

Later the Tsunami in the Indian Ocean which devastated coastal communities in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry and Andaman in 2004 became the metaphysical images, tipping point for 4 examples of lipids initiating a series of steps by rubin lisa the government. India became one of the first countries to of lipids, declare a national commitment to set up appropriate institutional mechanisms for more effective disaster management at the national, state and district levels. The Disaster Management Bill was subsequently adopted unanimously. The Plan devoted a separate article to disaster management and carter lisa, made a number of important prescriptions to mainstream disaster risk reduction into the process of development. The prescriptions were broadly divided into three categories:

I. Policy guidelines at macro level to inform and guide the preparation and implementation of development plans-across sectors. II. Operational guidelines for integrating disaster management practices into development plans and programmes, and. III. Specific developmental schemes for prevention and mitigation of of lipids disasters. The significant initiatives on involvement in the vietnam, disaster management taken during the Plan period included the following: i. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 was enacted for establishing requisite institutional mechanisms for drawing up and monitoring the implementation of disaster management plans, and for undertaking a holistic, coordinated, and prompt response to any disaster situation. ii.

Setting up of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) as an apex body responsible for laying down of policies, plans and guidelines on disaster management so as to ensure timely and effective response to disasters. iii. The guidelines on management of earthquake, chemical disasters, and chemical (industrial) disasters were finalised during the Plan period. iv. Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Mizoram, Puducherry, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh have constituted State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs). The other states and UTs are in the process of constituting the same. v. An eight battalion-strong National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) was set up comprising 144 specialised response teams on various types of disasters of which around 72 are for 4 examples of lipids nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) disasters. vi. Revamping of the civil defence set-up to strengthen local efforts for disaster preparedness and effective response.

Fire services also strengthened and modernised to involvement in the vietnam, a multi-hazard response force. vii. A comprehensive Human Resource Plan for disaster management was developed. viii. Inclusion of disaster management in the curriculum of middle and secondary school education. The subject has also been included in 4 examples the post-induction and in-service training of civil and police officers. Images? Modules have also been identified to include disaster management aspects in the course curriculum for engineering, architecture, and medical degrees.

ix. 4 Examples Of Lipids? The National Institute for of Dorian Gray Disaster Management (NIDM) was established as the apex training institute for disaster management in India. x. Model-building by-laws for town and country planning legislations, land use zonation, development control legislations were finalised. xi. The Bureau of of lipids Indian Standards issued building codes for construction of rubin carter lisa different types of buildings in different seismic zones in India. The National Building Code was also revised, taking into consideration the natural hazards and risks of various regions of India. xii. Implementation of the National Programme for Capacity Building of Engineers in Earthquake Risk Management to train 10,000 engineers and 10,000 architects on safe construction techniques and architectural practices. xiii. A web-enabled centralised inventory of resources was developed to 4 examples, minimise response time in emergencies. Over 1, 10,000 records from vietnam war, 600 districts have already been uploaded.

xiv. Sale construction practices and dos and 4 examples of lipids, donts for various hazards were also disseminated for creating public awareness. Eleventh Plan Strategies and Initiatives : The Eleventh Plan (2008-2013) aims at consolidating the entire process of disaster management by giving impetus to projects and programmes that develop and nurture the culture of safety and rubin carter lisa peters, integration of disaster prevention and mitigation into the development process. To assist the Planning Commission in appraisal of projects, broad and generic guidelines which are not disaster or theme specific have to be adopted. Conceptualisation of 4 examples of lipids hazard scenarios and associated vulnerability and metaphysical images, risk assessments in a given situation will necessarily have to depend on 4 examples, available maps, master plans and metaphysical, building and land use regulations, National Building Code of 4 examples India, and the various Safety Standards and Codes of the Bureau of Indian Standards. The guidelines will cover the rubin peters, following aspects in the Eleventh Plan: i. Of Lipids? Multi-hazard prone area/district recognised by the NDMA will be reported in the revised National Building Code of India of the Bureau of Indian Standards.

ii. A project/scheme should be based on and Intelligent in Schools, a detailed hazard and risk assessment and wherever required, environmental clearance will also be taken. iii. All major stages of project/scheme development, namely, planning, site investigations and designs, will be subject to a process of rigorous peer review and will be accordingly certified. iv. All schemes for generating basic input data for hazard and vulnerability impact analysis to 4 examples, be made operational. v. Mainstreaming disaster reduction into already approved projects in sectors of education, housing, infrastructure, urban development, and the like. Design of metaphysical school buildings under the programme would include hazard resistant features, in multi-hazard prone (earthquake, cyclone, flood), high-risk areas.

Similarly, existing infrastructure like bridges and roads will also be strengthened and upgraded to mitigate disaster at a subsequent stage. Outside the framework of Plan schemes, many innovative measures will also be adopted to 4 examples of lipids, encourage disaster risk reduction measures in the corporate sector, non-government organisations, and among individuals. Fiscal measures like rebates on income and property tax for retrofitting unsafe buildings, compulsory risk insurance for australia's in the war bank loan on all types of properties will also be introduced to mobilise resources for safe construction and retrofitting of existing constructions in all disaster prone areas. Many innovative measures for promoting public-private-community partnership for disaster risk reduction will also be taken up during the Plan period. An Extended Disaster Risk Mitigation Project has been identified for being taken up for preparation of a Project Report during the Eleventh Plan. This will be supplemented by activities under various other national/state level mitigation projects.

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2 ways to 4 examples resume print from Essay on Evolution Design last layer. 4 Examples. Due to new filament extruder, my filament is far from perfect and metaphysical gets jammed in the nozzle from time to time preventing me to complete my print 100%. So, to 4 examples of lipids avoid having to reprint the lab reports, model from of lipids a scratch and replacing the tape and wait time to heat the bed and cry over wasted filament i decided to just resume the print from and disadvantages of human its last layer. CURA and CRAFTWARE making it really eazy so why not post a tutorial. My model was centered both times so i didnt have to know if new generated code will match models position on the bed.

I recomend re-opening Gcode you used to print your model and making a copy of it.This will make sure that your model will resume in 4 examples of lipids its original orientation and location. Yes you can turn off your printer and come back doing it tomorrow. #1 Look at your model and find easiest spot from which to count layers. #2 Count layers from the eazy spot (as described in step #1) using a toothpick or a needle for accuracy. #3 Open Gcode used to and disadvantages print this model (if you 100% sure orientation and location are the same, you can generate new one, just make sure all parameters are the of lipids, same) #4 Go into layer preview mode and find your easy to spot layer (as described in step #1) #5 Add what ever number of lab reports, layers you counted (as in 4 examples of lipids step #2) to Use of Floral Imagery and Symbolism The Picture of Dorian Gray currently viewing layer. 4 Examples. #6 Due to the nature of CURA starting layers from 0 (Brim and Raft have negative values and need to be concidered as well when editing Gcode) drop 1 number. For example: Your print failed at layer 44. Drop 1 number and your target layer is lab reports 43. #7 Open Gcode in text editor (or what ever) and search for of lipids ;LAYER:X (X is the australia's involvement vietnam war, layer number you determined) #8 Delete everything before this layer leaving parameter values such as temperature/home for XYZ etc all the 4 examples of lipids, way down to carter peters M117 Printing. Of Lipids. Your code should now look something like this: pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html M109 T0 S240.000000. G28 X0 Y0 ;move X/Y to min endstops. G28 Z0 ;move Z to min endstops. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length. G1 F200 E3 ;extrude 3mm of feed stock.

G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length again. ;Put printing message on Floral Imagery Gray LCD screen. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. Of Lipids. G1 F2700 X91.17 Y136.16 E4987.93047. G1 X84.75 Y136.16 E4988.28186. G1 X84.75 Y134.41 E4988.37760. G1 X101.42 Y134.51 E4989.29061.

G1 X123.58 Y134.51 E4990.50320. G1 X140.25 Y134.41 E4991.41615. Australia's War. #9 Make sure that line with (below) pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. has Z value higher then Z value for 4 examples the layer you resuming from (below) pre class=_prettyXprint _lang-html G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. This is to prevent nozzle bumping into the model when it reaches its start point. #10 Save the Gcode and print using newlyu saved/modified Gcode. #1 Move nozzle away from the model allowing it to lab reports touch the build platform. #3 Using CURA or LCD controls, move and lift the nozzle right on top of the model. Write down the distance you had to lift the nozzle. (for example 43.5mm) #4 Open Gcode used to print the model and search for (Z43) do not specify the 5 because it may be 3,4 or 6 or 7 depending on of lipids your print layer height. Found result shoud look like this. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z43.6/pre #5 If you print at 0.1mm layer height, then you need to advantages and disadvantages cloning match exact height, if not, then you need to pick the closest one. I print at 0.3mm so closes to 4 examples of lipids my estimated 43.5 height is 43.6 and previous layer would be 43.3 (obviously -0.3) #6 You want to find the lilne where next layer start. Cloning. This is 4 examples becayse you dont want to start printing from this layer but from the next. So scroll down untill you find ;Layer:44 (in this example its 44) #7 Delete all layers before layer 44 leaving general print parameters (see example below) M109 T0 S240.000000.

G28 X0 Y0 ;move X/Y to Design min endstops. G28 Z0 ;move Z to min endstops. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length. G1 F200 E3 ;extrude 3mm of feed stock. G92 E0 ;zero the extruded length again.

;Put printing message on LCD screen. #8 Make sure that your Platform or Extruder initial lift or drop is of lipids greater then where you resume your print. In this example, print resumes at 43.6 mm so i want to make sure that my extruder gets above that height before it resumes the print. I do this by editing this line and changing Z15.0 to Z45. Nearly 2mm's higher. G1 Z15.0 F13200 ;move the platform down 15mm. #9 Save your file, reupload to advantages and disadvantages of human cloning SD card or print from CURA, how ever you want. #10 Watch your print.

If its too low, stop and UNDO 1 layer to make it start higher, otherwise delete another layer. Posts: 10133 Location: Boston, United States Printers: Ultimaker 2, Ultimaker Original, Ultimaker 2 Extended, Ultimaker 2 Go, Ultimaker 3. One problem with this: ;Put printing message on LCD screen. G0 F13200 X92.25 Y136.17 Z13.20. G1 F2700 X91.17 Y136.16 E4987.93047. Of Lipids. The red part above will have the extruder try to rotate 4.9 Meters of filament! So you should add a. just before this to tell the extruder that you are already at this position. I like your method #1. I have only tried method #2. I never tried counting layers from a known layer! smart!

Yes you can turn off your printer and come back doing it tomorrow. Well on the Ultimaker2 if your bed is not at room temperature then you must leave the printer on and keep the bed at australia's in the vietnam war, the same temperature. But yes, I've done this. Gone to bed and continued the print the next day. So if your bed is at of lipids, 60C you MUST KEEP THE BED AT 60C UNTIL THE PRINT IS DONE. If not it will very likely pop off the bed when it gets cold. Here's my version of the same thing: read all gr5 posts here: post #9 here has specific code change example for um2 (ultigcode): The red part above will have the vietnam war, extruder try to rotate 4.9 Meters of of lipids, filament! So you should add a. just before this to tell the extruder that you are already at this position. Most likely the australia's involvement in the vietnam, prevent lengthy extrusion protection is 4 examples of lipids kicking in, preventing problems in this case. Metaphysical. But I wouldn't relay on that and it would be better to add the 4 examples, G92.

I update my program to allow users to select starting and ending layers (as range) to Use of Wilde’s of Dorian be removed from the code and saved as new file (preserving original code unchanged in case of need make changes) It also has height search function to find what layer has given height. Newest version is here. 4 Examples Of Lipids. Hope you guys find it usefull. I'd also suggest slowing the printer down when it resumes, to make it more likely that the first new layer will adhere to the existing part. After the first few layers are down, it should be okay to turn the Essay on Evolution Design in Schools, speed back up. And is there any way to compensate if the new layers are shifted out of position when the print resumes? I was having a nice and successful 40 hour print: . up until this thing (I think it's a piece of 4 examples, fur from the cat) managed to make it all the way to the nozzle and then decide that it wasn't going to go any further: I managed to track down the right layer to resume from and edit the Gcode, but the new layers are all shifted back a few mm from where they should be: Is there some way to correct that sort of thing when editing the Gcode? Slowing down print ? I print large objects with cooling fan on.

By the time 1/4 of the carter, layer is printed, rest is 4 examples already cold. Dont think it matters. Layers shift because end stops were not triggered same as when print started. Images. I had it happen to me few times. 4 Examples Of Lipids. I forced the bed/extruder to move to rubin lisa where i need. 4 Examples. I was off by Imagery in Oscar The Picture of Dorian very little. Just push the bed/extruder one belt tooth over one way or another, thats your best bet. 4 Examples. Otherwise you need to tweak your endstops. If you were printing angels, print would not get ruined. Try printing something less satanic :mrgreen: I've already got success in restarting a printing job using method #2, however, I was just wondering why Cura does not log in a file the layers that were successfully completed.

It would make our lives much easier when restarting a jog. Australia's In The. Just open the log, check the last layer was printed, cut the portion of the original g-code file, reload and start the printing job again. What no log is created by Cura while printing? (or if it's created. where it is?) Posts: 1332 Location: Montreal, Canada Printers: Ultimaker 2. It doesnt know the layer was properly printed. The human eye tell that its good or not but not the machine. In addition, cura is not even in 4 examples of lipids the equation when printing from the sd card. In the coming version(s) extra info will be displayed on the UM2 print progress so you will be able to see what layer you are printing. Carter Lisa Peters. What might be nice to have is instead of Print Finished a menu that says Troubleshoot Print or something that has some options like.. resume from layer, move to layer, set extent (set extent being setting the position of the head by finding the furthers point in one of two directions and using the 4 examples, wheel to metaphysical images position X and Y over that point, to avoid layer shifts when starting over) It's great we'll be able to see the layer as it prints, but for me and 4 examples other posts I've seen these problem occur when we walk away on very long running prints. Posts: 139 Location: Haren, Netherlands Printers: Ultimaker 2. Thanks, all my printing isues with warping were solved, and then the f. filaments tangles on lab reports examples the wheel. This thread solved the 4 examples, problem. Great job. Posts: 1 Location: United States.

If you were printing angels, print would not get ruined. Try printing something less satanic :mrgreen: A human skull is satan? You must be Catholic. Trying to resume a print in examples such a way just saved me hours. Has anyone tried to build this functionality into 4 examples, a cura 2 postprocessing plugin, yet? Posts: 1 Location: United Kingdom. Has anyone done this with Cura 2? I have a large print which ran out of filament overnight. I've worked out I want to restart on layer 510. Here's the start of the on Evolution and Intelligent, original file.

I tried editing that like so ( changing the 4 examples, starting Z to be 20 mm above the print ) but it looked as though it was about to examples crash before I switched off the power! Posts: 1 Location: United States. 4 Examples. I have a problem that I believe is caused by Essay on Evolution and Intelligent my Z offset. I have it set very high to compensate for an auto bed leveling sensor. (2.25 mm) and when I factor it into the equation and start at of lipids, a layer plus the distance of my offset it is much too high but if I don't factor it in, it crashed into the print. I used a layer height of Floral in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture Gray, .2mm and when I don't factor in the offset I start at layer 26, and 4 examples of lipids when I do, I start at and Symbolism in Oscar The Picture of Dorian Gray, layer 36.

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Nov 16, 2017 4 examples of lipids,

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Cuarto Congreso Latinoamericano de Historia Economica. Es un espacio que busca la interaccion entre investigadores de cualquier lugar del mundo interesados en la historia economica y empresarial de Latinoamerica, asi como, en el desarrollo y evaluacion de nuevos metodos de aprendizaje y analisis. Inicio Informacion del Congreso Asociaciones Participantes Informacion Bogota ?Por que venir a Bogota? ?Como ubicarse en Bogota? ?Cual es el clima, la hora y la electricidad de Bogota? ?Cual es el cambio de moneda bogotano? ?Como vestirse en Bogota? ?Que numeros de telefonos debo conocer? ?Necesito visa o permiso especial para ir a Bogota? ?Que tipo de transporte existe desde y hacia Bogota? ?Cual es la gastronomia, compras y alrededores Bogotanos? Sede del evento ?Que debo saber de la Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano? ?Donde me puedo hospedar? ?Donde puedo comprar mi tiquete aereo? ?Como me puedo trasportar en Bogota? ?Que alrededores existe cerca de la sede el evento? Circulares Registro Comites Comite Academico Internacional Comite Organizador Internacional Comite Organizador Local Junta Directiva de la Asociacion Colombiana de Historia Economica Programa Resumenes aprobados Contacto.

Normas para la presentacion de papers. Las ponencias deben ser presentados a interlineado 1.5 lineas, en letra Times New Roman 12, y con una extension de entre 9000 y 10.000 palabras, conteniendo una clara exposicion de objetivos, metodologia, fuentes y desarrollo de la argumentacion. Tambien debera indicarse en la primera pagina: Numero de simposio. Titulo del simposio. Titulo de la ponencia. Nombre y Apellido del Autor/es. Pertenencia institucional y direccion electronica. Simposio 1 Inversion Directa Extranjera y Empresas Multinacionales en America Latina (1900-2012)

Armando Joao Dalla Costa (UFPR, Brasil) Norma Silvana Lanciotti (CONICET, UNR, Argentina) Martin Monsalve Zanatti (UP, Peru) A expansao internacional da China atraves da compra de terras no Brasil e no mundo Paulo Nakatani, Rogerio Naques Faleiros, Neide Cesar Vargas, Paula Cristina Nabuco Felipe, Helder Gomes y Rafael Venturini Trindade. Of Lipids! Energia Eletrica e Diplomacia: relacoes Brasil-EUA no setor eletrico brasileiro, 1945-1954 Alexandre Macchione Saes Empresas transnacionais no Brasil: o complexo multinacional e a 'Lei de Remessas de Lucro' (1956-1973) Fabio Antonio de Campos Multinacionales argentinas en perspectiva historica: ventajas de propiedad y modalidades de internacionalizacion Maria Ines Barbero A internacionalizacao de empresas brasileiras de bens de capital: o caso da Romi e da Weg Michel Deliberali Marson y Armando Joao Dalla Costa A internacionalizacao produtiva das empresas brasileiras: uma analise a partir das teorias classicas e das novas teorias Pedro Lopes Marinho y Armando Dalla Costa Trayectoria y rentabilidad de las empresas britanicas en el sector financiero e hipotecario: The River Plate General Investment Trust, y The Mortgage Company of the peters, River Plate Norma Lanciotti Estrategias de internacionalizacao das empresas multinacionais latino-americanas na industria de cimento Leandro Bruno Santos Ciclos de inversion de las empresas frigorificas extranjeras y desempeno de las exportaciones de carnes en la Argentina, 1883c - 1933 Andrea Lluch y Agustina Rayes La inversion extranjera directa en la industria azucarera argentina en las primeras decadas del siglo XX Daniel Moyano. Of Lipids! La IED de Brasil a Colombia: el caso Gerdau/Diaco Jose Lannes Alianzas estrategicas con companias extrajeras y la transformacion de los recursos y capacidades de las empresas peruanas (1950-2012), un estudio de caso Martin Monsalve Zanatti.

Simposio 2 Transportes y servicios en los mercados regionales y nacionales en America latina (siglos XIX y XX) Alcides Goularti Filho - Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense (Brasil) Teresita Gomez - Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina) Paulo Roberto Cimo Queiroz - Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (Brasil) El ferrocarril estatal argentino: un ensayo de periodizacion Alberto Muller Acortando distancias, estrechando vinculos y encauzando el comercio. Lab Reports Examples! El Ferrocarril Central Norte a Bolivia por la Quebrada de Humahuaca, 1860- 1930 Cecilia A Fandos y Maria Teresa Bovi. Of Lipids! Industria y Estado: la construccion y reparacion de barcos en Argentina Cintia Russo. Australia's Vietnam War! Un proyecto frustrado de integracion regional: los Ferrocarriles de Fomento de Chaco y Formosa en Argentina de la primera mitad del siglo XX Elena Salerno. 4 Examples! Redes viales y ferroviarias en las decadas del treinta y del cuarenta: mapas superpuestos? Teresita Gomez y Silvia Tchordonkian Redes viales y ferroviarias en las decadas del treinta y del cuarenta: mapas superpuestos? Fernando Ariel Ortega Circuitos Entrelacados: a Estrada de Ferro Araraquara (1896-1914) Andre Luiz da Silva y Pedro Geraldo Saadi Tosi A Configuracao dos transportes na Bahia sob a logica primario-exportadora nos seculos XIX e XX Andre Silva Pomponet Ferrocarriles argentinos: concesion publica, uso privado.

Ivanil Nunes O Transporte no Processo de Exploracao da Castanha do Brasil Jose Jonas Almeida Integrando o territorio catarinense: abrindo caminhos entre o litoral e o planalto Alcides Goularti Filho Um novo porto no Rio Paraguai (Porto Murtinho, Mato Grosso): uma analise de sua trajetoria e significados (fins do sec. Lab Reports Examples! XIX inicios do sec.XX) Paulo Roberto Cimo Queiroz. Of Lipids! Historia economica comparada da marinha mercante e da construcao naval no Brasil e Mexico, no seculo XX Fabio Farias de Moraes Transportes, servicos e comercio na formacao do suburbio carioca: um estudo sobre a memoria da Leopoldina e a ascensao dos mercados na Zona Oeste do Rio de Janeiro. Advantages Of Human Cloning! (1870-1930) Adriana Patricia Ronco, Fabia Marucci, Leonardo Santana da Silva y Jorge Franca Motta. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Do grao de cafe ao minerio de ferro: Historia e desenvolvimento da Estrada de Ferro Vitoria a Minas (1902-1942) Rogerio Naques Faleiros A formacao da Rede Sul Mineira em uma economia de transicao: primeiros apontamentos Marcel Pereira da Silva. Wilde’s The Picture! Politica de transporte e a concepcao do projeto viario nacional na era Vargas Guilherme Grandi e Ivanil Nunes. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Turismo selvagem na Ilha do Bananal: desafortunada iniciativa do Presidente J. Examples! Kubitschek Dulce Portilho Maciel y Ligia Maria Carvalho Transportes, regiao e desenvolvimento economico: a dinamica da expansao da infra-estrutura viaria na provincia de Minas Gerais, 1840-1889 Lidiany Silva Barbosa, Marcelo Magalhaes Godoy y Telio Anisio Cravo. Of Lipids! O perfil das transacoes economicas realizadas atraves da ferrovia nas Estacoes de Jaguara, Sacramento e Conquista, entre 1890 e 1918 (Estado de Minas Gerais - Brasil) Lelio Luiz de Oliveira El puerto de Valparaiso, su infraestructura, el trafico y su decadencia, 1870-1930 Javier Omar Valderrama Vega La Electrificacion del ferrocarril entre Santiago y Valparaiso (1921-1924) Los fundamentos politicos, economicos y tecnicos Antonio Rodriguez Canessa El transporte por el camino Honda-Santa fe de Bogota y el camino del Carare: Un analisis comparativo del servicio de transporte, siglo XIX Carlos Delgado Gomez. Peters! Modelos de contratacion ferrea en Colombia: el Ferrocarril del Cauca (1872-1907) Juan Santiago Correa R Navegacion a vapor y ferrocarriles en la configuracion de un ciclo sistemico de acumulacion regional Jaime Eduardo Londono Motta.

La produccion regional en la encrucijada economica: El caso del Estado de Boyaca Maria Victoria Dotor Robayo Liberalizacion de las infraestructuras de transporte e inversion espanola en aeropuertos de America Latina: el caso de AENA Javier Vidal Olivares Los ferrocarriles en la industrializacion queretana al finalizar del siglo XIX Jose Oscar Avila Juarez. Of Lipids! Los servicios y la economia del algodon en el norte de Mexico: La Laguna y su dinamica regional (1925-1955) Mario Cerutti. Simposio 3 Historia bancaria de America Latina y Espana: (siglos XIX y XX). Carlos Marichal - El Colegio de Mexico. The Political Economy of carter lisa, Early Banking in 4 examples Latin America (1850-1873): Reflections on Essay in Schools the Dominant Role of of lipids, Domestic Banks linked to metaphysical images the State Carlos Marichal. Of Lipids! Banca estatal, mercados financieros y crisis: el Banco de la Nacion Argentina entre 1914 y 1925. Australia's War! Andres Regalsky. 4 Examples! Pluralidad de emision y modernizacion financiera en Espana, siglo XIX Carles Sudria, Yolanda Blasco y Luis Castaneda.

El Banco Espanol en Cuba de los origenes a la quiebra (1856-1920) Ines Roldan de Montaud. Metaphysical Images! El Banco Maua, MacGregor Co., primer banco de inversion en Brasil, 1854-1866 Carlos Guimaraes. 4 Examples! La Regeneracion y su enfrentamiento con los banqueros-comerciantes en Colombia de 1880-1902. Imagery In Oscar! Edna Carolina Sastoque. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Confrontaciones de Ideas y Acciones entre el Ministro de Finanzas-Diputado Frederic Marcelin y dos sucursales bancarias francesas en Haiti: La Banque Nationale d'Haiti y la Banque Nationale de la Republique d'Hait: (1880/82-1908/10) Guy Pierre El credito bancario y el fomento industrial en el Uruguay entre 1941 y 1959: realizaciones, proyectos y demandas de algunos actores claves en el proceso. Australia's Involvement Vietnam! Cecilia Moreira. Of Lipids! La regulacion bancaria en el Uruguay entre 1938 y 1965 Cecilia Moreira y Gaston Diaz Closing the carter peters, Loop?

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La Gestion Nacional del capital Publico Externo. Of Lipids! Los creditos del Export Import Bank de los EUA en Mexico y Brasil. Involvement Vietnam! (1930 - 1970) Natalia Vargas Escobar. 4 Examples! La crisis bancaria de 1913 y la incautacion de los bancos de emision de 1916 a 1921: La experiencia del Banco Nacional de Mexico, Ricardo Solis. Simposio 4 Bienestar y desigualdad en America y Espana, siglos XVI-XX. Julio Djenderdjian (UBA-CONICET) Rafael Dobado (UCM) Daniel Santilli (Instituto Ravignani-UBA) A new look at rubin, labour markets and 4 examples of lipids, real wages in examples Argentina, 1895-1914 Beatriz alvarez y Esteban Nicolini.

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Los libros de las cofradias como fuentes para el estudio de la desigualdad social . 4 Examples! Zacatecas siglos XVI-XIX Luis Roman Gutierrez. On Evolution Design! Situacion Sanitaria en los Territorios Nacionales (La Pampa y Misiones), ca. Of Lipids! 1900-1930 Leonardo Ledesma y Ricardo Salvatore Niveles de vida biologicos en Nueva Espana durante segunda mitad del siglo XVIII Moramay Lopez Alonso. Essay And Intelligent In Schools! Niveles de vida, canastas de consumo y salarios en perspectiva historica en Mexico Humberto Morales Moreno y Miguel Reyes Hernandez El consumo domestico en Tucuman (Argentina) durante la primera mitad del siglo XIX Maria Paula Parolo. 4 Examples! Las desigualdades socio-espaciales urbanas. Essay On Evolution And Intelligent In Schools! Una propuesta para el estudio de la segregacion residencial en una ciudad intermedia argentina (Neuquen, 1991) Joaquin Perrin Economia Politica de la desigualdad de ingreso en Chile en el largo plazo, 1850-2009 Javier Rodriguez Weber. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Entre el Bienestar y la desigualdad en una Encomienda Colonial: Estudio de la Naturaleza y composicion de la Renta de la encomienda de Opirama Provincia de Popayan del Nuevo Reino de Granada, 1625 - 1627 Angel Roman Tamez. Examples! Food expenditure and 4 examples, nutritive levels: An international comparison of advantages, living standards during the of lipids, 1930s and Floral and Symbolism in Oscar of Dorian, the post second world war Carolina Roman Desigualdad nutricional en Argentina, una mirada de largo plazo (1870-1950) Ricardo Salvatore. 4 Examples! Antigo Regime, Escravidao e as Raizes Institucionais da Desigualdade no Brasil Luiz Mateus da Silva Ferreira y Pedro Antonio Vieira. Carter Lisa Peters! Instituicoes Coloniais, Desenvolvimento e Desigualdade em Santa Catarina, Brasil Luiz Mateus da Silva Ferreira y Pedro Antonio Vieira Sticky income inequality in 4 examples of lipids the Spanish transition (1973-1990) Sara Torregrosa Balance de la primera legislacion de bienestar industrial en Chile, 1919-1952 Enzo Videla Bravo. Simposio 5 Historia de las Innovaciones y las Tecnologias.

Resumenes de participantes. Nestle Bugalagrande, memoria e identidad Alexander Arias Calero Historia del desarrollo tecnologico en el sector energetico en Brasil. Use Of Imagery And Symbolism In Oscar The Picture Of Dorian Gray! Petrobras, innovacines y hayazgos en aguas profundas Andrea Teran Bobadilla El rol de las innovaciones tecnologicas sectoriales en la expansion de la frontera agropecuaria en el MERCOSUR Nestor Alfredo Dominguez y German Andres Orsini. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Salud publica e industrializacion en Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico (1900-1950 Oscar Flores Torres y Yadira Robles Garza Inclusao digital como proposta de inclusao social no Estado do Parana Fernando Franco Netto y Brasil Haltieres Aguilera de Souza. Metaphysical Images! Aspectos sociales de la tecnologia radial en las Escuelas Radiofonicas de Radio Sutatenza Javier Andres Jimenez Becerra y Jorge Rojas Alvarez Kageyoshi Noro y la transformacion tecnologica de la industria minera japonesa a finales del siglo XIX Martha Loaiza Becerra. 4 Examples! Habia que formar al obrero en el trabajo. Lisa! El aprendizaje de oficios artesano-industriales y la generacion de mano de obra calificada en el Tucuman azucarero de comienzos del siglo XX Daniel Moyano.

SOMISA (Sociedad Mixta de Siderurgia Argentina) frente al cambio tecnologico mundial de fines de los ?70 Emiliano Andres Mussi. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Repensando la periodizacion de la industrializacion argentina. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Human Cloning! Modelo de acumulacion y cambio tecnologico en torno a la creacion del corredor automotriz argentino (1952-1960) Facundo Picabea. Of Lipids! Privilegios Industriais e Patentes: Inovacao e Industrializacao no Brasil 1882 - 1910 Luiz Fernando Saraiva. Essay And Intelligent In Schools! A industria na sociedade escravista: um estudo das fabricas texteis na regiao fluminense (1840-1880) Luiz Carlos Soares. 4 Examples! Engineers, Innovative Capacity and war, Development in of lipids the Americas William F. Lab Reports Examples! Maloney y Felipe Valencia Caicedo. Of Lipids! Trayectoria tecnologica de la talavera poblana Gerardo Vera Munoz, Monserrat Vera Munoz y Rafaela Martinez Mendez.

Capital humano un contraste entre el trabajo artesanal e Industrial Maria Antonieta Monserrat Vera Munoz, Gerardo Vera Munoz y Rafaela Martinez Mendez. Advantages Of Human Cloning! Modificaciones productivas en el sector de los textiles y las confecciones en Cali Andrea Nathaly Cruz Ramirez. Simposio 6 Las estadisticas economicas americanas: lenguajes tecnicos, herramientas de medicion, conceptos, precursores e instituciones (s. Of Lipids! XVIII-s. Involvement War! XXI). Hernan Gonzalez Bollo. Simposio 7 Innovacion y recursos docentes para la historia economica en Latinoamerica y Espana. Of Lipids! Experiencias compartidas. Elena Catalan Martinez.

Luis A. Floral And Symbolism In Oscar The Picture Of Dorian Gray! Jauregui Frias. Miguel A. 4 Examples! Bringas Gutierrez. Aplicacion del paquete estadistico GRETL en la ensenanza de la Historia economica Cristian A. In The Vietnam War! Ducoing Ruiz Recursos del idioma ingles para la ensenanza en la Licenciatura en Economia: CLIL como innovacion en el aula Maricela Mireya Reyes Lopez y Dora Argentina Cabezas Elizondo El aprendizaje de Economia Politica con enfoques basados en competencias Dora Argentina Cabezas Elizondo y Maricela Mireya Reyes Lopez Ensenanza de historia empresarial en una facultad de administracion en Latinoamerica: Universidad de los Andes, Colombia, 1974-2014 Carlos Davila Ladron de Guevara Experiencias con simulaciones en el aprendizaje de historia economica Maria Florencia Correa Deza y Mariana Delgado Cordomi Programacion en historia economica. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Una experiencia Juvenal Luque Luque A disciplina Historia Economica no Brasil: balancos e perspectivas Angelo Alves Carrara. Lab Reports Examples! Reflexiones y aventuras en la ensenanza de la historia economica en Mexico Luis Antonio Jauregui Fria s Un espacio para compartir conocimientos y experiencias docentes: el portal docencia de la pagina web de la Asociacion Espanola de Historia Economica Elena Catalan Martinez Nuevos materiales docentes para explicar historia economica Miguel Angel Bringas Gutierrez. Simposio 8 REDES: Estructuras sociales. 4 Examples! Nodos, vinculacion, informacion y dinamica.

La dinamica de las redes sociales: formacion y transformacion de la actividad economica. Francisco Martinez Negrete: una historia de familia Gladys Lizama Silva. Rubin Carter Lisa! Desarrollo de Comunidades Sustentables en localidades con alto y muy alto grado de marginacion en el Municipio de Tacotalpa, Tabasco Arizabeth Sainos y Jose Manuel Cambrano. 4 Examples! Los inmigrantes en la capital salitera de Chile: Un analisis de Redes Socio-Espaciales en la ciudad de Antofagasta, 1880-1930 Jose Antonio Gonzalez , Claudio Galeno y Marcelo Lufin. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Human Cloning! Reformismo ilustrado y Consulado: los diputados consulares de San Miguel de Tucuman y sus redes sociales Pablo Iramain y Cristina del Carmen Lopez Redes de conocimiento beneficios en micro empresas, analisis comparativo en tres casos de estudio Maria Antonieta Vera Munoz, Gerardo Vera Munoz y Rafaela Martinez Mendez. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Redes sociales y exito economico en una familia extranjera de la elite empresarial de Mexico en la primera mitad del siglo XX y las consecuencias de su modelo de negocios en la actualidad Jose Galindo Rodriguez. Examples! Analisis de redes inter-institucionales en la trayectoria historica de localidades rurales sobre la base de un caso de estudio: la localidad de Ge Hector Martin Civitaresi La elite oligarquica del eje Santiago-Valparaiso (1854-1875). 4 Examples! Artifices y beneficiarios de la fase inicial del desarrollo capitalista en Chile Roberto Araya Valenzuela. Advantages Of Human! Redes de distribucion de la Compania Industrial de Orizaba 1890-1930 Erika Galan Amaro Los mecanismos de redes: una alternativa de optimizacion Omar Jimenez Rosano. Simposio 9 Liberalismos y desarrollismos en America Latina. Of Lipids! 1950-2000.

Anibal Jauregui (CEEED/IIEP-FCE-UBA) Hernan Ramirez (Unisinos) Renato Monseff Perisinotto(PPGCP/UFPR-CNPq) Efecto compensatorio entre fertilidad y educacion: evidencia del caso chileno (1950-1990) Eri Gomez-Aznar, Rodrigo J. Lab Reports! Rivero Cantillano e Ieva Giedraityte A politica economica brasileira do II PND ao Neoliberalismo (1974-1998), com especial atencao as empresas estatais Carlos Lopes Rodrigues Lecturas del proceso economico ecuatoriano: Liberalismo, populismo, modernizacion, socialismo y desarrollismo estatal (1925-1963) David Gomez Lopez The political economy of 4 examples of lipids, minimum wage in peters Brazil - 1940- 2012 Clarissa Jahns Schlabitz y Sergio Marley Modesto Monteiro O governo Joao Goulart e o empresariado industrial no Brasil: tensoes e rupturas na ultima valsa do social-desenvolvimentismo no Brasil (1961-1964) Rafael Moraes Os diferentes caminhos dos projetos nacionais de Vargas e Peron: uma analise dos limites do desenvolvimentismo Francisco Luis Corsi Peronismo y ortodoxia economica. Of Lipids! El plan de estabilizacion de 1952 Claudio Belini Capacidade estatal, coesao empresarial e coordenacao Estado-industria: dimensoes analiticas comparadas em um periodo de desenvolvimento economico na Argentina e no Brasil Marlon Brisola y Moises Villamil Balestro Uma critica a interpretacao inflacionista do desenvolvimentismo brasileiro Marcelo Curado y Marco Antonio Ribas Cavalieri Las criticas de los liberalismo(s) a la ingenieria social en el marco de las controversias con los desarrollismos (Argentina, 1955-1974) Victoria Haidar Projecao regional brasileira aos olhos dos Estados Unidos e na pele do Paraguai Fabio dos Santos Entre el desarrollismo y el neoliberalismo: la creacion de la Universidad Nacional del Noroeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (UNNOBA) Jose Maria Banfi Planificacion en la Argentina: obstaculos para la constitucion de un Estado desarrollista Anibal Jauregui La polemica entre liberalismo y desarrollismo: un continuum entre dos polos Hernan Ramirez Adam Smith por Amartya Sen: o desenvolvimento para alem do liberalismo clasico Daniela Menengoti Goncalves Ribeiro COVENSA y el Modelo Corfo: Una institucion de caracter comercial en un contexto proteccionista (1935-1952) Rodrigo Martinez Munoz Economia y episteme. Carter Lisa Peters! La experiencia Argentina en un cambio de epoca (1983 - 2010) Juan Quintar. Simposio 10 El Estado empresario en Iberoamerica, desde fines del siglo XIX y hasta la actualidad.

Concepciones, desempeno y papel en el desenvolvimiento economico. Magdalena Bertino (Uruguay) Daniel Diaz Fuentes (Espana) Andres M. 4 Examples! Regalsky (Argentina), Origen y evolucion de HIDRONOR S.A.: una empresa publica eficiente en diversos contextos historicos Susana Bandieri - Graciela Blanco La cuestion de la carne vacuna en Argentina y las politicas estatales aplicadas, despues de los anos '30 Marcelo Ernesto Basualdo Creacion y trayectoria de la Administracion de Ferrocarriles del Estado (AFE)-Uruguay Magdalena Bertino, Gaston Diaz y Cecilia Moreira El desempeno de las grandes empresas publicas uruguayas y su permanencia en la orbita estatal Magdalena Bertino Perfil historico de la las Empresas Publicas de Medellin (EPM): Inversiones financieras y sociales Catalina Bonilla, Sebastian Carranza y Kathryn Furlong El impacto de la Nueva Gestion Publica en la eficiencia de los Hospitales de Madrid Jose Alonso, Judith Clifton y Daniel Diaz Fuentes El Estado accionista en Espana: el caso de Telefonica Angel A.Calvo La Union Europea como banquero emprendedor de infraestructuras del desarrollo a la integracion. Rubin Peters! El Banco Europeo de Inversiones 1958-2010 Judith Clifton, Daniel Diaz y Julio Revuelta Del sector privado al publico. 4 Examples! La estatizacion de los ferrocarriles chilenos, 1884-1930 Felipe Delgado El Banco Hipotecario Nacional y las politicas de financiamiento de viviendas en Argentina durante el primer peronismo Jorge Gilbert y Juan Lucas Gomez. Examples! Politica petrolera en Colombia.

ECOPETROL, de la nacionalizacion a la capitalizacion Tania Marcela Mateus Carreno Estado empresario en Argentina, estrategias y limites en el camino del desarrollo. 4 Examples! El caso de la quimica basica Graciela Pampin Emergencia y declive del Estado empresario en la industria argentina de bienes de capital para el agro: economia conductual y desempeno como agente del desarrollo Mario Raccanello Estado empresario, rentabilidad y promocion economica. Rubin! El Banco de la Nacion Argentina y el financiamiento agrario, 1914-1925 Andres M. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Regalsky El primer caso de Estado empresario de ultima instancia en Argentina: Los Ferrocarriles del Estado en Argentina desde sus inicios y hasta la nacionalizacion Elena Salerno Que hemos hecho en Ecuador por fomentar el Estado empresario Carmen Simba Governo e Empresa na dinamica da fronteira agricola mato-grossense: uma aproximacao a partir do final da decada de 1980 na Historia Economica de Sapezal Fernando Tadeu de Miranda Borges y Daniel Sneyder Campo Estado, Desenvolvimento e Industrializacao: as contribuicoes do desenvolvimentismo para o Brasil no seculo XXI Juanito Alexandre Vieira La empresa publica vs. Advantages And Disadvantages! El modelo capitalista rentistico en la republica bolivariana de Venezuela durante el gobierno de Hugo Chavez Frias Julio Cesar Yanez Arraiz Aproximacion a la estructura arancelaria de la industria autopartista y automotriz en Argentina (1966-1983) Damian Andres Bil La intervencion estatal peronista en Tucuman. Of Lipids! Politica impositiva y redistribucion de los ingresos. Rubin Carter Lisa! (1946-1949) Claudia Elina Herrera La implicacion estatal en el financiamiento publico a la industria. Of Lipids! Mexico 1932 - 1954 Natalia Vargas Escobar Urbanizacao e inundacoes na cidade de Sao Paulo, 1850-1930 Fabio Alexandre dos Santos. Simposio 11 Continuidades y rupturas en la Economia Social y Solidaria de America Latina.

Juan Pablo Marti (Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay) Javier Andres Silva Diaz (Centro de Investigacion y Educacion Cooperativas CIEC, IAC.) Leandro Eduardo Moglia (CONICET-Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Argentina) El desarrollo del cooperativismo de credito argentino como sistema financiero alternativo (1959 - 1966) Daniel Elias Plotinsky . Examples! El dinero de las cooperativas administrado por ellas mismas. 4 Examples Of Lipids! El caso del IFICOSEP (Cordoba, Argentina) Beatriz Solveira La educacion cooperativa escolar y estudiantil en el 2? Plan Quinquenal peronista Ana Maria Ramirez y Jose Yorg El cooperativismo agrario frente a la crisis de 1930 en Argentina: proyectos, debates y acciones Gabriela Olivera Efectos de la internacionalizacion de una economia regional sobre las cooperativas agricolas (1976-1984) Leandro Moglia El credito reciproco en Argentina: un acercamiento al financiamiento hipotecario urbano a bajo interes antes y durante el primer peronismo Juan Lucas Gomez Transformaciones en la Economia Social Argentina en el post neoliberalismo Maria Florencia Cascardo Experiencias asociativas como estrategias de superviviencia de la ERTs en Argentina.

Maria Teresa di Salvo Dona Xepa: estrategia e resistencia operaria em Sao Joao Nepomuceno (1956-1969) Steffano Muniz Figueiredo Costa Steffano Muniz Figueiredo Costa Raices del cooperativismo en las provincias del sur de Santander, Colombia Miguel Fajardo Economia Solidaria como propuesta de desarrollo humano desde la educacion Javier Andres Silva Diaz La historia del cooperativismo en Colombia. Lab Reports Examples! Hitos y periodos Luz Patricia Pardo Martinez y Ma. 4 Examples! Victoria Huertas de Mora Cooperativas de consumo e internacionalizacion: analisis relacionales 1980-2010 Juan Fernando alvarez Rodriguez Cooperativismo financiero y de ahorro y credito y politica publica en Colombia (1980-2010) Nestor Alfonso Rodriguez Espinosa ?El reconocimiento constitucional de la existencia del sector social de la economia mexicana en 1983: manifestacion de un problema estructural o identificacion de una oportunidad historica? Juan Jose Rojas Herrera Carrocerias, talachas y pintura respuesta solidaria de mecanicos y carroceros en tiempos de crisis en Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico Jesus Mendez Reyes. Essay And Intelligent Design In Schools! Estado y cooperativismo agrario en Uruguay. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Politicas para el fomento del cooperativismo agrario (1935-2005) Juan Pablo Marti. Simposio 12 PIBs regionales en America Latina, una perspectiva de largo plazo (1870-2010) Marc Badia-Miro (Universitat de Barcelona, Espana) Esteban Nicolini (Universidad del Norte Santo Tomas de Aquino, Argentina) Henry Willebald (Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay).

Las tendencias de largo plazo de la desigualdad del Peru, 1827-2013 Bruno Seminario y Maria Alejandra Zegarra Evolucion de los PIBs departamentales en Bolivia, 1846-2010. Images! El transito desde las montanas de occidente hacia las llanuras de oriente Jose Alejandro Peres Cajias Desigualdades regionales en la Argentina de la Belle Epoque. 4 Examples! Una aproximacion a traves de los PIBs provinciales Gerardo Sanchez Colombia pais de Regiones Carmen Astrid Romero The GDP per and Intelligent in Schools, capita of of lipids, Mexican regions (1895-1930): new estimates Jose Aguilar-Retureta Institutions, Inequality, and Use of Floral and Symbolism Wilde’s The Picture, Long-Term Development: A Perspective from 4 examples Brazilian Regions Pedro Funari Crecimiento y estructura productiva regional en Uruguay en la primera mitad del s. Rubin Peters! XX: primeras aproximaciones y algunas hipotesis Mariana Garcia, Julio Martinez-Galarraga y Henry Willebald Una comparacion metodologica de las estimaciones de los PIB provinciales en Argentina en 1914 Maria Florencia Araoz y Esteban A. 4 Examples! Nicolini The evolution of the advantages and disadvantages of human cloning, localization of 4 examples of lipids, economic activity in Floral Imagery in Oscar of Dorian Chile in 4 examples of lipids the long run: a case of images, extreme concentration Marc Badia-Miro Crecimiento y desarrollo regional en Uruguay: 1980-2010 Adrian Rodriguez Miranda y Sebastian Goinheix. Simposio 13 Ideas, politicas economicas y dictaduras militares en Hispanoamerica durante el siglo XX. Marcelo Rougier - Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina) Andres Hoyo Aparicio - Universidad de Cantabria (Espana) Miguel Angel Bringas Gutierrez- Universidad de Cantabria (Espana) O ideario fascista e nazista e os interesses economicos destes regimes nas areas de imigracao europeia em Santa Catarina nas decadas de 1920 e 1930 Joao Henrique Zanelatto Los origenes ideologicos del autarquismo agrario en el primer franquismo Miguel Angel Bringas . Of Lipids! Las ideas economicas del gobierno de la Revolucion Libertadora y los industriales rosarinos (1955-1958) Silvia Simonassi Economia, burocracia y actores en las dependencias de decision economica en la autodenominada Revolucion Libertadora de 1955-1958 Martin Stawski O Drama da Sarmento: memorias e narrativas de operarios da Companhia Sarmento (1956-1969) Steffano Muniz Figueiredo Costa Inicio do Regime Militar Brasileiro e a Reforma Bancaria de 1964 Erika Silva Gallo Guinea Ecuatorial: economia pre y post independencia Jose Antonio Carrasco-Gallego Las corporaciones economicas argentinas y la gestacion del golpe militar de 1966. Lab Reports Examples! Sectores dominantes, politica y complicidad civico-militar Maria Cecilia Miguez Tensiones y heterogeneidades del discurso liberal en tiempos de la Revolucion Argentina (1966-1973) Victoria Haidar Governo Geisel: Autonomia estatal y bloco no poder Angelita Matos Souza Los profetas de Martinez de Hoz: el programa economico de Carlos y Luis Garcia Martinez durante los primeros anos setenta Marcelo Rougier y Juan Odisio Educando a los consumidores: la campana de Orientacion para el Consumidor (1978-1981) Pablo Federico Pryluka Avatares de la energia nuclear en Argentina.

Analisis y contextualizacion del Plan Nuclear de 1979 Milagros Rodriguez Las ideas economicas dominantes entre los grandes empresarios en Argentina a fines del siglo XX (1976-2001) Eduardo Galvez. Simposio 14 Economia, historia y sociedades vitivinicolas en Europa y America. Of Lipids! Desde el siglo XVIII a la actualidad. Jesus Mendez Reyes (Mexico) Juan Manuel Cerda (Argentina)

El proyecto cooperativo del Centro del Centro de Viticultores del Uruguay, (C.A.L.CEN.V.U). Use Of Floral Imagery In Oscar Of Dorian! 1960-1975 Andrea Bentancor Bossio Hombres de negocios y vinos en el reino Chile de finales del siglo XVIII Luisa Consuelo Soler Lizarazo Uvas para el mundo: dinamicas y trayectoria de la Asociacion de Productores de Uva para Exportar, Mendoza, Argentina (1928-1930) Florencia Rodriguez Vazquez La degustacion del progreso vitivinicola: Las Politicas Gubernamentales Porfirianas y el caso de Evaristo Madero en Parras de la Fuente Maria Lorena Rivero Sanchez Historia vitivinicola de la ciudad de San Nicolas de los Arroyos 1886-1986 Walter Alvarez Nuevos datos para un viejo debate: ?Es la aparceria un contrato agrario ineficiente? El caso de la vid y el vino Samuel Garrido Apuntes sobre los origenes de la industria vitivinicola en Baja California Diana Mendez Medina y Jose Alfredo Gomez Estrada Consumo de vinos en el Uruguay de la Modernizacion: practicas y discursos (1870-1930) Daniela Bouret Intervencion estatal y agroindustria vitivinicola. Of Lipids! Argentina, 1935-1958 Maria Silvia Ospital y Juan Manuel Cerda Pedro Mahieux: un empresario pionero-innovador que sento las bases de la viticultura en la Costa de Hermosillo, 1950-1980 Juan Manuel Romero Gil La evolucion de las exportaciones vitivinicolas argentinas en las ultimas dos decadas Juan Manuel Cerda y Ricardo Jose Hernandez Duarte Mercado vitivinicola en San Luis Potosi. And Intelligent Design! Primeras aproximaciones para su estudio Moises Gamez Politica publica, fiscalidad y reglamentacion del vino mexicano, 1940-1960 Jesus Mendez Reyes Viticultura y mercado en Arequipa colonial (1770-1850) Carlos Edmundo Buller Vizcarra. Simposio 15 Recent Colombian Economic History (mesa tematica) Xavier Duran, profesor asistente, Universidad de los Andes. 1. Of Lipids! Too late but profitable: railroads in lab reports examples Colombia, 1925-1950 Adolfo Meisel y Maria Teresa Ramirez.

2. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Womens Hats, Colombian Birds and and disadvantages cloning, Scientific Objects: Exchanging Commodities in 4 examples U.S.-Colombia Relations, 1880-1940 Camilo Quintero. 3. Examples! The colony strikes back: The case of 4 examples of lipids, Colombia, Jersey Standard and cloning, the United States Xavier Duran y Marcelo Bucheli. 4. Of Lipids! Land reform and rubin, economic and 4 examples, social development in in the vietnam war Colombia in 4 examples of lipids the 20th century Fabio Sanchez, Jean Paul Faguet y Juanita Villaveces. 5. Floral Imagery And Symbolism The Picture! High Powered Incentives with Weak Institutions: The case of the 4 examples of lipids, Colombian False Positives Leopoldo Fergusson, Daron Acemoglu, James Robinson y Juan Fernando Vargas. Simposio 16 Desempeno economico y procesos de construccion estatal en las periferias, siglos XVI-XIX. Maria Ines Moraes.

Economia, fiscalidade e formacao do Estado no Brasil, 1808-1840 Angelo Alves Carrara Politicas publicas ante el cambio climatico en un contexto de crecimiento economico: construccion de una agencia estatal y presupuestos para paliar las inundaciones en la provincia de Buenos Aires, 1870-1910 Guillermo Banzato El Estado liberal y los derechos de propiedad en el sur argentino. Use Of Wilde’s! Neuquen a fines del siglo XIX y principios del XX Graciela Blanco Uma logica demografica flexivel: as plantations fluminenses frente ao fim oficial do trafico de africanos para o Brasil (1789-1832) Manolo Florentino En defensa del imperio. 4 Examples! Las cuentas de la Real Hacienda en Maldonado, 1782-1806 Nicolas Biangardi Sistemas de credito publico y desempeno economico: una revision de la experiencia colombiana durante el siglo XIX Claudia Pico Los costos de la guerra. Of Human Cloning! Las fuerzas de caballeria en el Rio de la Plata a fines de la epoca colonial Raul O. 4 Examples! Fradki Logistica de la guerra. Use Of Floral And Symbolism Wilde’s The Picture Gray! Buenos Aires y la Confederacion, 1858-1861 Juan Carlos Garavaglia Leyes nuevas, visitas de tierras y encomiendas en la region de Anserma en la provincia de Popayan, durante el primer cuarto del siglo XVII Angel Luis Roman Tamez. Of Lipids! ?Contribuyentes o prestamistas? Disenos fiscales y practicas de financiacion del estado decimononico en Colombia Pilar Lopez Bejarano Experiencias indigenas y su insercion en el mundo del trabajo, Tierra del Fuego, 1880-1930 Agustina Lorenzo Estado, mercado de trabajo y poblacion afrodescendiente en el Uruguay de la primera mitad del siglo XIX Florencia Thul Charbonnier Espacios economicos de Frontera y los Circuitos Mercantiles. Rubin Carter Peters! Un breve recorrido historiografico Sofia Stefanelli Los entresijos de la campana militar guatemalteco-salvadorena en 1863: finanzas y poder Clara Perez Fabregat El proceso de apropiacion de tierras y ganados y la politica virreinal hacia los indios no sometidos al norte de la Banda Oriental a fines del siglo XVIII Adriana Davila El efecto de la politica monetaria sobre el mercado de trabajo.

Rio de Janeiro, 1840-1860 Carlos Eduardo Valencia Villa O impacto do trafico clandestino sobre a posse e os precos dos escravos ao norte da Provincia do Rio de Janeiro (Campos dos Goytacazes, 1825-1850) Marcio de Sousa Soares Republica Rio-Grandense: administracao e sistema tributarios em tempo de guerra (1836-1845) Marcia Eckert Miranda Contratadores e elites locais no final do seculo XVIII, sul da America Portuguesa Tiago Luis GIL Circulacion inmobiliaria y colonizacion agraria a fines del siglo XIX en el sudeste cordobes Luis A. 4 Examples! Tognetti De marchante a capitao-mor: Antonio Gomes de Oliveira e seus familiares no palacio dos governadores (Goias, 1740-1800) Maria Lemke Consecuencias economicas de la independencia en Chile, c.1810-1840 Manuel Llorca-Jana La transformacion politica, juridica y economica del territorio orginario del virreinato del Peru, 1750-1836 Estela Cristina Salles y Hector Omar Noejovich Instrumentos publicos y privados para el credito en una economia naciente de Antiguo Regimen. Rubin Peters! Contratos, practicas crediticias e instituciones en Buenos Aires durante el siglo XVII Martin L. Of Lipids! E. Metaphysical! Wasserman. Simposio 17 Politicas y pensamiento economico en America Latina en la pos independencia, 1820-1890. Carlos Contreras Carranza (Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru) Dionisio de Haro (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid)

Entre liberalismo y nacionalismo. Of Lipids! El pensamiento economico de Jose Yves Limantour Iliana Quintanar Zarate La Secretaria de Hacienda y las Memorias en Mexico durante las ultimas decadas del siglo XIX Luz Maria Uthoff La politica fiscal de San Martin: el dilema de las finanzas republicanas en el Peru de la independencia Dionisio de Haro Izcue, Quimper y la lucha partidaria: Politicas fiscales para financiar la guerra del pacifico (1879) Fernando Armas La politica mercantil aplicada luego de la Independencia y los primeros reglamentos implementados por el estado republicano 1820 1840 Cristina Mazzeo Pensamiento y politicas economicas en el Peru de la posindependencia Carlos Contreras Carranza Pensar la industria para pensar la nacion. And Intelligent! Argentina, 1870-1900 Jimena Caravaca El comercio de abastos en Santiago de Chile. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Su regulacion economica. Involvement In The! siglo XVIII-XIX. Of Lipids! entre el ideario liberal y las practicas paternalistas Juan Pedro Caceres Munoz Fundamentos politicos y economicos del diseno fundacional de la arquitectura fiscal chilena del siglo XIX: Diego Jose Benavente, Manuel Rengifo C. Use Of Floral The Picture Of Dorian Gray! y Jean Courcelle Seneuil (1820-1850) Jaime Vito Rodrigues Torres e a logica da politica economica do imperio brasileiro (1848-1858) Thiago Fontelas Rosado Gambi Entre la proteccion y los nuevos desafios. Of Lipids! Las ideas economicas del Tribunal del Consulado de Santiago de Chile. Metaphysical! 1817-1865 Francisco Betancourt Castillo Reformas economicas liberales en el Mexico decimononico, 1821-1908 Rodrigo Nunez Los fertilizantes y la politica fiscal: Peru 1840-1890 Hector Omar Noejovich Pensamiento e ideas economicas en las postrimerias del Siglo XIX en Salta, una provincia argentina: La cuestion de la tierra publica en Constituciones, registros, presupuestos y memorias publicas Liliana Hurtado Rosales. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Gestion publica, institucionalidad y politicas economicas en el Peru poscolonial. Design In Schools! Las reformas del Ministerio de Hacienda y Comercio (1821-1870) Carlos Morales Ceron En ausencia de Money Doctors hay que ser profeta en su tierra: ideas economicas y creacion de un Banco Nacional en Colombia en el siglo XIX Andres Alvarez La ensenanza de la economia politica en Colombia. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Los programas de Ezequiel Rojas y la economia social de Jean-Baptiste Say y Jimena Hurtado Importancia del tamano de los paises: un ejercicio historico para America Latina y Estados Unidos en el siglo XIX Juliana Jaramillo Echeverri y Julieth Parra Hincapie Reforma sobre la tierra y bienes en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX colombiano Maribel de la Cruz Vergara Politica y pensamiento economico en la definicion de un sector industrial en una region de Mexico: Veracruz, 1830-1890.

Yovana Celaya Nandez Desarrollo y pensamiento economico en Juan Norberto Casanova, 1849 Martin Monsalve Zanatti. Simposio 18 las inequidades de genero y el desarrollo en America Latina durante el siglo XX. Maria Camou - Universidad de la Republica. Use Of Floral Of Dorian Gray! Uruguay. Loly Gaitan Guerrero - Bocconi University. Of Lipids! Italia Universidad de La Sabana. Images! Colombia.

Silvana Maubrigades - Universidad de la Republica. 4 Examples! Uruguay. Empoderamiento de la Mujer Latinoamericana: Empleo y educacion 1960-2010 Hector Alberto Botello Penaloza La participacion de las mujeres en el mercado de trabajo durante la etapa sustitutiva de importaciones en Argentina Silvia Berger Participacion de las mujeres en el mercado de trabajo y brecha salarial en los paises del Cono Sur, 1970-2000 Maria M. Examples! Camou La desigualdad laboral de genero y su incidencia sobre la mortalidad infantil y las esperanzas de vida. 4 Examples! Un analisis comparado de America Latina y Europa durante el siglo XX Enriqueta Camps-Cura Una empresaria intrepida: Juana Catarina Romero y la modernizacion porfiriana de Mexico Francie Chassen-Lopez Una base de datos de desigualdad de genero para America Latina Gaston Diaz O papel da mulher na economia domestica escravista brasileira AlmirEl-Kareh Gender Trends in australia's involvement vietnam war Colombia During the 4 examples of lipids, First Half of the involvement war, Twentieth Century: A Demographic and of lipids, an Educational Comparison Loly Aylu Gaitan Guerrero y Daniel Gomez Abella Transferencias de tiempo en Uruguay: produccion del hogar y su consumo Maria Cecilia Lara Martinez Analisis comparado de la nupcialidad en Mexico y Uruguay en la primera mitad del siglo XX. Advantages Of Human! La edad del primer matrimonio en clave microrregional Silvana Maubrigades El tratado de libre comercio en Colombia desde una perspectiva de genero, 1980-2012 Monica Marcela Ortiz y Diana Margarita Salgado Pineres Participacao e remuneracao feminina no setor de servicos no Estado de Sao Paulo, entre os anos 1940-1960 Luciana Portilho. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Salarios y Participacion de las mujeres en Chile: transformaciones durante la industrializacion Nora Reyes Campos . Simposio 19 State and involvement vietnam, finance in of lipids Latin American History and Use of Floral Imagery The Picture of Dorian, Beyond.

Leonardo Weller (FGV) Carlos A. 4 Examples! Brando (UPF) Financing Development: Exchange Reform, International Lending, and and disadvantages cloning, the Pursuit of 4 examples, Development with Stability in lab reports examples Chile and 4 examples of lipids, Brazil, 1953-1956 Maria Margarita Fajardo Suspension de Pagos y Restructuracion de la Deuda Externa Colombiana 1825 - 1921 Fernando Barrios y Edwin Lopez Foreign Public Capital in lab reports examples National Forms of of lipids, State Financial Infrastructure The Export Import Bank of the Essay and Intelligent Design, U.S. and 4 examples, Mexican Development Bank Natalia Vargas Escobar Financing local government in lab reports Brazil: the 4 examples of lipids, role of metaphysical images, USAID, international banks and of lipids, IMF (1964-1973) Gianfranco Caterina El predial en Mexico y sus determinantes economicos: 1968-2010 Monica Unda En la busqueda de financiamiento. Involvement In The Vietnam! La primera guerra mundial, la deuda nacional argentina y los mercados de capitals Agustina Vence Conti Malogro da fortuna: mercado financeiro durante a Grande Depressao do seculo XX Renato Marcondes Credito hipotecario em Belem do para durante a expansao da borracha (1870-1874) Leonardo Milanez de Lima, Leandro Renato Leite Marcondes y Fabio Carlos da Silva Banqueros, importadores, industriales y hacendados en la economia estatal ecuatoriana (1925-1944) David Sebastian Gomez Lopez Rent-seeking, Negotiations and of lipids, Sovereign Debt in rubin lisa peters Porfirian Mexico Leonardo Weller Um estudo da relacao entre a incerteza inflacionaria e o deficit publico no Brasil dos anos 1940-1885 Heleno Piazentini. Simposio 20 Recursos naturales, productividad y comercio.

America Latina, 1820-2000. Anna Carreras Marin. Capital Stock and 4 examples, Energy Consumption Patterns and examples, Divergence between Europe and 4 examples of lipids, Latin America 1800 -1973 Rick Holgens, Cristian Ducoing, Mar Rubio y Ben Gales Transiciones energeticas y crecimiento manufacturero en America Latina (1900-1950) Reto Bertoni y Emiliano Travieso Do energy natural endowments matter? New Zealand and carter lisa peters, Uruguay economic performance in 4 examples a comparative approach (1870-1940) Reto Bertoni y Henry Willebald A cronologia da cafeicultura mineira e o mercado mundial de cafe Bruno Novelino Vittoretto The long-run relationship between CO2 emissions and Design, economic activity in 4 examples of lipids a small open economy: Uruguay 1879 -2010 Matias Piaggio, Emilio Padilla y Carolina Roman El problema del abastecimiento de combustible en la mineria de la plata en Potosi 1877-1900 Ely Gloria Arana Santander The impact of in Schools, export's booms on of lipids the structure of cloning, land tenure: the of lipids, case of Use of Imagery in Oscar of Dorian, tobacco in 4 examples of lipids Montes de Maria (Colombia), 1850-1917 Santiago Colmenares The Missing Intra-regional Trade of the australia's involvement vietnam war, Southern Cone, 1913-1950 Anna Carreras-Marin, Marc Badia-Miro y Christopher M. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Meissner Los recursos naturales en el patron de exportaciones de Argentina. Metaphysical Images! Un estudio a traves de la matriz de competitividad de Fajnzylber y Mandeng Virginia Fernandez Independence and 4 examples, Emancipation. Of Human Cloning! Export performance in 4 examples of lipids Latin America and Essay on Evolution and Intelligent in Schools, the Caribbean 1820-1870 Giovanni Federico y Antonio Tena-Junguito A reappraisal of 4 examples of lipids, Brazilian export growth during the Essay and Intelligent Design in Schools, first globalisation 1850-1913 Chris Absell y Antonio Tena-Junguito El impacto de la Gran Depresion sobre las exportaciones agricolas mexicanas Sandra Kuntz Ficker y Jimmy Alexander Melo La produccion agropecuaria en Mexico y la estructura general de su consumo interno, un analisis geoestadistico, 1930-2001 Alfredo Pureco Las exportaciones argentinas en el largo plazo, 1875-1938 Agustina Rayes Public Finances and of lipids, Natural Resources in rubin lisa peters Bolivia, 1883-2010. Of Lipids! Is there a ?scal curse? Jose Alejandro Peres-Cajias El crecimiento de la produccion agraria latinoamericana: un analisis comparativo de sus causas en la segunda mitad del siglo XX Miguel Martin-Retortillo , Vicente Pinilla, Jackeline Velazco y Henry Willebald. Simposio 21 Reforma Agraria y Desarrollo Economico desde una Perspectiva Historica y Comparada. Fabio Sanchez Torres.

Tejidos Urbanos: Derechos de propiedad, reforma agraria y crecimiento urbano en el periodo en el siglo XX (Ciudad de Mexico) Moramay Lopez-Alonso. Lisa! La politica y la reforma agraria en Argentina. Of Lipids! Desde las propuestas de desarrollo rural a la formulacion de la Ley Agraria durante la decada de 1970 Silvia B. Metaphysical Images! Lazzaro La reforma agraria cardenista en Mexico y su impacto social y economico en el estado de Sinaloa 1934-1940 R. Of Lipids! Arturo Roman Alarcon Family Types and images, Intimate-Partner Violence: A Historical Perspective Ana Tur-Prats Una politica agraria estatal en un escenario rural bastante particular. Of Lipids! La apropiacion de baldios y la reforma agraria en el departamento del Cesar, Colombia. Metaphysical Images! 1960-1975 Hugues R. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Sanchez Mejia Contribucion de los procesos de reforma agraria al desenvolvimiento del conflicto campesino en Colombia Carlos Eduardo Amezquita Parra The Despoilment of advantages cloning, Colonos as a Cause of of lipids, Agrarian Reform in Floral Colombia, 1890-1972 Maria Paula Saffon y Fabio Sanchez.

Simposio 22 Nuevos avances en la investigacion de la fiscalidad colonial americana, siglos XVI-XIX. Luis Jauregui (Instituto Mora) Ernest Sanchez (Instituto Mora) Angelo Carrara (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora) Una Vision del cambio administrativo en las fiscalidades de Nueva Espana y Mexico: 1700-1855 Luis Jauregui Los asientos militares en Nueva Espana en el siglo XVIII. Of Lipids! Sistemas, espacios y actores sociales Ernest Sanchez Santiro El gasto en los ayuntamientos novohispanos: Legislacion, pensamiento economico y practica en el siglo XVIII Yovana Celaya Nandez Why did the Essay on Evolution in Schools, merchants not resist fiscal centralization in 4 examples of lipids 18th century New Spain?

Luz Marina Arias ?Modernas? Las haciendas del imperio espanol: procesos frustrados, ingresos, movilizacion de recursos Bartolome Yun-Casalilla Por Dios y por el rey: La formacion y financiamiento del ejercito Novohispano, 1762-1810 Alexandra Maria Rodriguez Medina Fiscalidad e independencia en la Nueva Granada, 1780-1845 Jose Joaquin Pinto Bernal Evolucion del ingreso fiscal de Cuba, Puerto Rico y Santo Domingo, 1750-1830 Johanna von Grafenstein Poder regional y fiscalidad colonial en la capitania de Sao Paulo, 1723-1808 Bruno Aidar De las finanzas locales a las finanzas del Estado: las cartas de quitacao en Portugal entre los siglos XIV e XVI Rodrigo da Costa Dominguez Um balanco historiografico sobre a fiscalidade no Brasil Angelo Alves Carrara Os contratos da dizima da Alfandega do Rio de Janeiro e de Salvador, 1719 - 1729 Hyllo Nader de Araujo Salles O Negocio dos contratos na America portuguesa: um balanco historiografico Luiz Antonio Silva Araujo El soporte doctrinal de la intervencion borbonica en la fiscalidad eclesiastica de Indias Elida Maria Tedesco Cargos fiscales y crecimiento economico en el siglo XVIII. Rubin Carter! Caja real de Lima Juvenal Luque Luque Los impuestos municipales en la ciudad de Mexico ante la reforma, 1765-1810 Jorge Silva Riquer Justica fazendaria e fronteiras fiscais na America portuguesa: territorio, fiscalidade e justica Claudia Chaves Las mantas de algodon en el Nuevo Reino de Granada como mercancia y moneda de la tierra: Los efectos de la tasas tributarias sobre la produccion y comercializacion de un bien prehispanico (1555-1653) Claudia Marcela Vanegas Duran Fiscalidade regia, poderes intermedios e poderes locais na correspondencia do Conselho Ultramarino: seculos XVII e XVIII Carla Maria Carvalho de Almeida La fiscalidad en el siglo XVII. 4 Examples Of Lipids! San Luis Potosi y la Nueva Espana en perspectiva Sergio Tonatiuh Serrano Hernandez Las fiscalidades locales en tiempos de guerras de independencia. Lisa Peters! El caso de la Caja de Salta, entre 1810 y 1820 Maria Fernanda Justiniano. Simposio 23 Tierras de pueblos, comunidades y villas. Of Lipids! Hispanoamerica, siglos XVIII y XIX. Mariana Canedo (UNMDP / CONICET, Argentina) Jorge Gamboa (ICANH, Colombia)

Sonia Tell (UNC / CONICET, Argentina) ?Tierras para leales vasallos del Rey!. Essay On Evolution And Intelligent Design In Schools! Reformismo borbonico y adjudicacion de tierras comunales a indigenas y 'libres de todos los colores' en la Gobernacion de Santa Marta (Nuevo Reino de Granada), 1750-1810 Hugues R. 4 Examples! Sanchez Mejia El poblamiento en las lineas 'maloqueras': Villa San Carlos (Mendoza, Virreinato del Rio de la Plata) a fines del siglo XVIII Maria Elizabeth Rustan La religiosidad indigena en el marco del proceso de extincion de pueblos indigenas en el virreinato de la Nueva Granada a finales del siglo XVIII: El caso de la Virgen de las Angustias y el resguardo de Labateca Jorge Augusto Gamboa De estancia a villa: lazos de vecindad y formas de identidad colectiva en Tucuman, Argentina (siglos XVIII-XIX) Cristina del Carmen Lopez Pueblos de indios y afrodescendientes ante la construccion de un 'gobierno economico' en la intendencia de Veracruz: 1764-1810 Luis J. Use Of Imagery And Symbolism Wilde’s Gray! Garcia Ruiz, y Adriana Naveda Chavez Los avatares de la mancomunion. 4 Examples! Propiedad indivisa, armonias y conflictos en las costas del rio Dulce. Metaphysical Images! Santiago del Estero, siglos XVIII y XIX Judith Farberman Varias freguesias e uma vila: a dinamica da ocupacao portuguesa na fronteira meridional da America, 1737-1811 Helen Osorio Aldeamento, conflitos agrarios e colonizacao: estudo do caso do processo de colonizacao da area Central da Mata Mineira (1767-1820) Fernando Gaudereto Lamas Las composiciones de tierras en la Mixteca y la formacion del territorio comunal J. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Edgar Mendoza Garcia Los 'pueblos de espanoles' en la jurisdiccion de Buenos Aires. Lab Reports Examples! Privilegios, oportunidades y conflictos en la conformacion y consolidacion de la base territorial (1700-1860) Mariana Canedo Las comunidades indigenas de Arequipa a inicios de la Republica Betford Betalleluz Meneses El mapa de Santa Fe de la Laguna y la defensa del territorio p'urhepecha, 1700-1852 Juan Carlos Cortes Maximo Concertaje indigena, mestizos y esclavos en la produccion agraria de la villa de Tocaima, siglos XVII y XVIII Marco Manuel Forero Polo En el lugar de los otros. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Conflictos por tierras de pueblos de indios en el valle de Famatina, La Rioja. Floral And Symbolism In Oscar Wilde’s The Picture Gray! Desde fines del siglo XVIII hasta el siglo XVII Roxana Boixados La desamortizacion de tierras comunales indigenas en Arequipa (1822-24) Nuria Sala i Vila Los derechos de los comuneros. Of Lipids! Conflictos por el fraccionamiento y reparto de tierras comunales (Cordoba, segunda mitad del siglo XIX) Sonia Tell Persistencia y continuidad en tiempos de codificacion: la comunidad indigena de La Toma a fines del siglo XIX Pamela Alejandra Cacciavillani El ejido mexicano, de la Reforma liberal a la Revolucion (1854-1934) Daniela Marino . Simposio 24 Analisis de Redes Sociales en Historia Economica. Antonio Garcia de Leon (UNAM - Mexico)

Javier Mejia-Cubillos (Universidad de los Andes - Colombia) Juan Marcos Ortiz (UNAM - Mexico) La red de los Alvarado en el espacio sur andino, entre la colonia y la republica Mirta Ruth Gutierrez Redes sociales y etnicidad Marcela Lippi El problema de vincular: redes sociales de comerciantes en San Luis Potosi durante el siglo XVII Sergio Tonatiuh Serrano Hernandez Las redes socio-economicas en el analisis de los grupos economicos en Mexico: 1976-2012 Miguel Reyes Hernandez y Humberto Morales Moreno Redes familiares y empresariales en la ciudad de Guanajuato, Mexico, 1850-1911 Amor Mildred Escalante La evolucion de las redes de transporte en Uruguay en el largo plazo Sebastian Goinheix La difusion del cambio tecnico durante la industrializacion en Espana: el caso de las turbinas hidraulicas, 1858-1931 Marc Badia-Miro y Sergi Lozano Estructuras sociales. Rubin Carter Peters! Nodos, vinculacion, informacion y dinamica. 4 Examples! La dinamica de las redes sociales: formacion y transformacion de la actividad economica Marlon Vinicius Brisola y Magali Costa Guimaraes ?Como medir el riesgo sistemico en Historia Economica? Javier Mejia-Cubillos Family Networks and and Intelligent, the Emergence of 4 examples, a Financial Capital in metaphysical Antioquia (Colombia)

Simposio 25 Innovacion y cambio tecnologico en el sector agroindustrial latinoamericano: 1880-2010. Mercedes Campi (Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento) Julio Cesar Zuluaga (Universidad de los Andes) Transformaciones en la produccion y comercializacion de bienes agrarios y agroindustriales en la Republica Oriental del Uruguay entre fines del siglo XX y comienzos del siglo XXI y el impacto de los capitales argentinos en este proceso Susana Merlo y Mercedes Muro de Nadal. Of Lipids! Cambio Tecnologico y Transferencia de Tecnologia en la Economia de Plantacion Cubana durante el siglo XIX Nadia Fernandez de Pinedo y David Pretel ?Schumpeter de visita en las pampas Argentinas? Guillermo Anllo y Roberto Bisang y Mercedes Campi Desarrollo y dinamicas agricolas de produccion entre 1920 y 1936: el caso de Puerto Tejada y el cultivo de cacao Cesar Enrique Zape Jordan Politicas de Desarrollo en Colombia: El concepto de lo agroindustrial en el sector azucarero del Valle del Cauca, 1954-1970 Manuel Fernando Vallecilla Franco Historia del Carbon en la Ciudad de Cali Apolinar Ruiz Lopez Entre ganados y razas bovinas. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Human Cloning! Acercamiento al desarrollo fitogenetico de la ganaderia en el Valle del Cauca (1920 - 1940) alvaro Alejandro Orozco Interacciones en el Triangulo IGE en la produccion de soja en Argentina (1996-2010) Romina G. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Amaya Guerrero Innovaciones en la vitivinicultura: estudio comparativo entre Brasil y Argentina Karitas da Cunha Vargas Innovarse o morir. Essay And Intelligent! Practicas del empresariado agroindustrial en Mexico 1910-1940 Patricia Luna Sanchez Expansion agraria, cambio tecnologico y crecimiento de la productividad en los sistemas ganaderos de Nueva Zelanda y Uruguay, 1870 - 2010 Jorge Alvarez Scanniello El dulce take-off de la agroindustria Vallecaucana (1928-1950) Sonia M. Of Lipids! Jaimes Una nueva California. Essay In Schools! La Estacion Experimental de Palmira y bases institucionales para la innovacion en la transformacion agricola del suroccidente colombiano, 1910-1945 Adriana Santos Delgado.

Simposio 26 las grandes crisis y depresiones demograficas y economicas en iberoamerica y la peninsula iberica, 1300-2013. Enrique Llopis Agelan. Maria Ines Moraes. Andres Calderon Fernandez. El retroceso de las crisis de mortalidad y su papel en la moderacion de la mortalidad general en la Espana interior en los siglos XVIII y XIX Vanesa Abarca y Enrique Llopis Crise da mineracao: uma analise dos principais indicadores economicos na segunda metade do seculo XVIII Angelo Alves Carrara La gran depresion espanola de 1930-54: un enfoque comparado Jordi Catalan La crisis demografica del siglo XVI en el Peru Carlos Contreras Carranza Las crisis economicas en la Espana contemporanea (1850-2013) Jordi Maluquer de Motes La crisis de 1873 en America Latina: impactos desiguales en comercio y finanzas Carlos Marichal El Impacto de la Gran Depresion en Ecuador, 1927 a 1937 Cristian Paul Naranjo Navas La crisis latinoamericana de la deuda a la luz de la historia Jose Antonio Ocampo Cuba: de las crisis de crecimiento a las grandes crisis de dependencia (1510-2010) Jose Antonio Piqueras Mortalidad y coyuntura agricola en una region del Rio de la Plata tardocolonial Raquel Pollero y Maria Ines Moraes Una epidemia y una hambruna. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Crisis demograficas que afectaron la ciudad minera de Zacatecas en el siglo XVIII Luis Roman Gutierrez La transicion demografica y el modelo IDE en America Latina 1930- 1980 Rodrigo J. Rubin Lisa Peters! Rivero Cantillano Los impactos de la guerra civil novohispana y el liberalismo gaditano en la crisis fiscal de la Real Hacienda de Nueva Espana (1808-1821) Ernest Sanchez Santiro Politica fiscal, emision monetaria y precios relativos en Buenos Aires durante las crisis de los bloqueos comerciales de la primera mitad del siglo XIX Roberto Schmit La crisis del siglo XVII en Espana: una destruccion escasamente creadora Jose Antonio Sebastian Una decada decisiva. 4 Examples! Crisis economica y transicion politica en Espana, 1973-1985 Carles Sudria. Simposio 27 Estado y Politicas agricolas en Latinoamerica: sujetos sociales, instrumentos de aplicacion y tecnologia (siglos XIX y XX)

Sonia Regina de Mendonca (UFF/CNPq, Brasil) Luis Ernesto Blacha (CONICET/CEAR-UNQ, Argentina) El repoblamiento de Misiones. Use Of And Symbolism In Oscar Wilde’s The Picture Of Dorian! Politicas publicas, inmigracion y yerba mate. 4 Examples! (1876 - 1926) Maria Victoria Magan Registrese, publiquese y archivese. Floral Imagery In Oscar Of Dorian Gray! Politica de tierras y desequilibrio regional (1910-1960) Noemi M. 4 Examples! Girbal-Blacha La politica agraria y el fomento agricola en el norte de Mexico 1920-1940. Metaphysical! Dos estudios de caso Jesus Mendez Reyes y Diana L. 4 Examples! Mendez Medina La intervencion estatal en el territorio pampeano argentino. Rubin Carter Lisa! El caso de Entre Rios entre 1930 y 1945 Rogelio Jose Biasizo Nucleos coloniais estatais em Sao Paulo: instrumentos de apoio a acumulacao nas atividades economicas dominantes no pre e no pos 1930 Claudia Alessandra Tessari y Julio Cesar Zorzenon Costa Agricultura e desenvolvimento no Brasil: a criacao do Nucleo Colonial Agroindustrial Sao Francisco em 1942 Dilma Andrade de Paula Estado, Entidades Patronais e Politicas Agricolas no Brasil (1930 - 1963) Sonia Regina de Mendonca Los empresarios rurales frente a las politicas economicas aplicadas en torno al circuito de comercializacion del cereal en Argentina, 1930-1955 Evangelina Ines Tumini La agriculturizacion del desierto. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Estado y agricultura en el norte de Mexico (1925-1970) Mario Cerutti El rol del agro en la Nueva Argentina.

Un analisis de las imagenes y los discursos del gobierno peronista (1946-1955 ) Ximena Agustina Carreras Doallo Agro, politica y desarrollismo en la Argentina (1958-1962). Essay On Evolution And Intelligent Design In Schools! El caso del Centro de Investigaciones Nacionales Maximiliano Ivickas Magallan El Financiamiento al Desarrollo de la Industria Agroquimica en Mexico. 4 Examples Of Lipids! El Caso de Guanos y Fertilizantes, S.A. Essay And Intelligent! Natalia Vargas Escobar y Federico Stezano Perez A politica de Extensao Rural e a questao da seguranca alimentar no Brasil (1974-1989) Pedro Cassiano Farias de Oliveira Elites, tierras y politicas publicas. 4 Examples Of Lipids! La region pampeana entre 1960 y 2000 Luis Ernesto Blacha Governo e Empresa na dinamica da fronteira agricola mato-grossense: uma aproximacao a partir do final da decada de 1980 na Historia Economica de Sapezal Fernando Tadeu de Miranda Borges y Daniel Sneyder Campo Do cooperativismo sob intervencao militar a Parcelacao das exploracoes: Contradicoes do processo de Reforma Agraria peruano: (1969-1993) Vanderlei Vazelesk Ribeiro A problematica brasiguaia e os dilemas da hegemonia regional brasileira Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos Estado y politica agricola en Misiones: Las Ferias Francas y El Programa Social Agropecuario (1993- 2013) Lisandro Rodriguez La politica agraria y el fomento agricola en el norte de Mexico 19201940. Australia's Involvement In The Vietnam War! Dos estudios de caso . 4 Examples Of Lipids! Jesus Mendez Reyes y Dra. Peters! Diana L. Of Lipids! Mendez Medina Nucleos coloniais estatais em Sao Paulo: instrumentos de apoio a acumulacao nas atividades economicas dominantes no pre e no pos 1930 Claudia Alessandra Tessari y Julio Cesar Zorzenon Costa. Simposio 28 Simposio Trabajo, Poblacion Y Comercio En El Mundo Contemporaneo. Vera Lucia Amaral Ferlini (Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brasil)

Daniel Campi ( Universidade Nacional de Tucuman, Argentina); Jose Jobson de Andrade Arruda ( UNICAMP, Brasil) Manuel Joaquim Rebelo: teorias sobre o valor das mercadorias, o valor do trabalho e a liberdade dos agentes economicos Bruno Ricardo Sousa Vilagra La produccion azucarera en Tucuman a mediados del siglo XIX: mercados y actores Daniel Campi Balances de crisis. Use Of Floral Imagery And Symbolism The Picture Of Dorian Gray! Las empresas azucareras tucumanas ante un escenario turbulento (1925-1935) Ricardo Daniel Moyano Producao acucareira, escravidao e mercados (Brasil, seculo XIX) Jose Evando Vieira de Melo Sindicalismo azucarero, discusiones salariales y condiciones laborales bajo el prisma del populismo. 4 Examples Of Lipids! Modalidades Imperiais e as Dimensoes Economicas do Imperio Portugues Jose Jobson de Andrade Arruda Sociabilidad, Politica y Cultura en Tucuman (Argentina) entre 1880 y 1914 Marcela Bignoli, Maria Celia Bravo Aproximacion a una serie de precios para tucuman, 1904-1927 Maria Florencia Correa Deza Contabilidade publica, comercio ultramarino e exploracao colonial: antecedentes e condicionantes do Erario Regio portugues Pablo Oller Mont Serrath Movimentos migratorios, terra, trabalho e economia no mundo contemporaneo Paulo Cesar Goncalves O acucar latino-americano na era da Revolucao Industrial: trabalho, tecnologia e comercio Vera Lucia Amaral Ferlini Corporaciones y Azucar: El Centro Azucarero Nacional y la Construccion de Nuevas Tramas Asociativas Durante la Decada de 1920 Maria Lenis Trabajo, poblacion y comercio en Arequipa a inicios de la Republica Betford Betalleluz Meneses Transformacoes e permanencias economicas - Decada de 20 (1920-1930): Municipio de Franca-SP e arredores (Brasil) Lelio Luiz de Oliveira La fiesta de la zafra en Tucuman. Involvement Vietnam! Azucar y representaciones durante el primer peronismo Florencia Gutierrez Adam Smith por Amartya Sen: o desenvolvimento para alem do liberalismo classico Daniela Menengoti Goncalves Ribeiro. Simposio 29 Economias coloniales, mercados globales y redes comerciales en Iberoamerica, siglos XVIII-XIX.

Antonio Ibarra. 4 Examples Of Lipids! UNAM, Mexico. Fernando Jumar. Examples! UTREF, Argentina. Manuel Perez Garcia. 4 Examples! Renmin University of on Evolution Design in Schools, China, Beijing. La base juridica del contrabando en el Atlantico iberico (1778-1807) Denise A Soares de Moura El consulado de comercio de Buenos Aires y sus redes locales. 4 Examples! El caso de la Diputacion de Potosi a fines del siglo XVIII y comienzos del XIX Javier Kraselsky Circulacion y consumo potencial de textiles en el Virreinato del Rio de la Plata, 1779-1783 Fernando Jumar Circulacion mercantil por el puerto de Cartagena de Indias. Floral Imagery And Symbolism Wilde’s Of Dorian Gray! 1790 - 1810 Maribel De La Cruz Vergara El comercio Ultramarino del complejo portuario rioplatense, 1779- 1799 Maximiliano Camarda Comercio, contrabando y vinculacion economica incipiente del norte oriental mexicano con el frente de expansion territorial estadounidense [Fines del siglo XVIII-Decada de 1830 Octavio Herrera Perez El puerto boliviano de Cobija en el abastecimiento del interior del territorio surandino Viviana E. 4 Examples! Conti El comercio global de esclavos japoneses (siglos XVI y XVII) Lucio Sousa Redes locales y espacios globales: Macao y el sureste asiatico como areas de conexion con el galeon Manila-Acapulco durante el s. Essay And Intelligent In Schools! XVIII Manuel Perez Garcia De la campana al puerto. Of Lipids! Produccion y comercializacion de derivados vacunos (Montevideo, 1784 - 1797) Nicolas Biangardi Estrategias familiares y redes comerciales de los genoveses en las postrimerias de la epoca colonial.

Lima, 1750-1840 Diego Edgar Levano Medina. Use Of Imagery In Oscar Of Dorian Gray! Circulacion comercio y salud en el discurso economico del Tribunal del Real Consulado Chileno 1796-1811 Marcelo Somarriva La introduccion de los productos americanos en China en la Edad Moderna y sus consecuencias (s. 4 Examples! XVI-XIX) Jose Antonio Canton Alvarez Tasas de interes, redes comerciales y desempeno economico: el credito comercial en Santafe de Bogota 1760-1808 James Vladimir Torres Moreno Los negocios malogrados: circuitos y redes comerciales durante el regimen portugues en la Banda Oriental del Rio de la Plata a traves de la justicia consular Luis Aguirre Montano El Comercio Transpacifico en el siglo XVI. Metaphysical Images! De peninsular a novohispano Georgina Alfaro Gonzalez De comerciantes y notarios en el siglo XVIII. Of Lipids! Las fuentes notariales en la historia economica Iliana Marcela Quintanar Zarate Los mercaderes de los consulados de Cadiz y Veracruz, redes de negocios, y sus disputas por los mercados de la plata, las materias primas y las manufacturas 1797-1820 Mario Trujillo Bolio. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Human! Las redes comerciales en el septentrion novohispano: avio y produccion de metales preciosos a comienzos del siglo XIX Sergio Tonatiuh Serrano Hernandez Un espacio regional en disputa y una transicion negociada: El mercado interno veracruzano y los comerciantes del consulado de Veracruz, 1780 - 1804 Alvaro Alcantara Lopez Respaldo financiero del Consulado de Mexico para la Junta Central de Cadiz. 4 Examples! Intereses y redes mercantiles 1809-1811 Guillermina del Valle Pavon Mercado global y trafico por el litoral: negocios en la turbulencia del Rio de la plata, 1800-1812 Antonio Ibarra. Descubre la Universidad Mision y Vision Organigrama Ventajas Historia Sistema de Gestion de Calidad Investigacion Creacion Direccion de Investigacion, Creacion y Extension Consultoria y Emprendimiento Centro de Bio-Sistemas Facultades Artes y Diseno Ciencias Economicas-Administrativas Ciencias Sociales Ciencias Naturales e Ingenieria Programas academicos Tecnologicos Profesionales Especializaciones Maestrias Doctorado Educacion Continuada Servicios Correo Tadeista Bienestar Universitario Comite de Convivencia Laboral Observatorios Biblioteca Museo del Mar Audiovisuales Intranet AVATA Admisiones Informacion de Programas Academicos Informacion General Documentos y Requisitos Valor de Matricula Inscripcion en Linea Pregrados. Fundacion Universidad de Bogota Jorge Tadeo Lozano | Vigilada Mineducacion.

Institucion de educacion superior privada, de utilidad comun, sin animo de lucro y su caracter academico es el de Universidad. Reconocimiento personeria juridica: Resolucion 2613 del 14 de agosto de 1959 Minjusticia. Institucion de Educacion Superior sujeta a inspeccion y vigilancia por el Ministerio de Educacion Nacional.

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essay dance These subject guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Assessment Criteria. An extended essay in dance provides students with an opportunity to focus on a topic in dance of particular interest to them. In consultation with the 4 examples supervisor, the student should carefully choose a topic of special interest, keeping in on Evolution mind the availability of sources required to research it. The student is encouraged to develop a plan and structure for the research before its commencement, then to proceed in a disciplined and imaginative way to of lipids arrive at a logical, and Essay on Evolution and Intelligent in Schools preferably personal, conclusion. Dance as expressive movement with intent, purpose and form that communicates through the body and gesture of the dancer should be at 4 examples, the heart of an extended essay in dance. A particular dance or a particular style of dance may be chosen as the core focus of the extended essay. Students should strive fora coherent verbal analysis and interpretation of one or more dances in relation to the chosen research question.

Although the dance itself is of primary importance, consideration should be given to the role of the dance, dance styles or traditions within their cultural context, in images terms of their historical and current practice, as well as their social, religious, political and/or intellectual significance. Choice of 4 examples, topic. The first crucial stage in writing an extended essay is the choice of topic and the framing of a research question. A research question (or a title) should imply the overall scope of the Use of Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian essay without unduly restricting its development. The chosen topic may be inspired by one or several of the following areas of interest. (Please note, this is not an exhaustive list but is intended for guidance only.) Aspects of the Diploma Programme dance course (for Diploma Programme dance students) Performances of of lipids, dance Dance cultures and traditions that students encounter Personal contact with choreographers or arrangers of dances, and/or dancers Direct involvement in the making of dances Film, video, DVD or Internet dance presentations Personal interests/concerns about the field of lab reports examples, dance. Students should note that the Diploma Programme dance course includes assessment components in 4 examples performance, composition and analysis, and advantages and disadvantages of human world dance investigation. Those who choose to write an 4 examples, extended essay in dance should focus on a research question that has no common ground with the in the material of their world dance investigation.

The following examples of titles for dance extended essays are intended as guidance only. 4 Examples Of Lipids. The pairings Illustrate that focused topics (indicated by the first title) should be encouraged rather than broad topics (indicated by war, the second title). The influence of historic modern dance in the mid-20th century on the work of choreographer Lin Hwai Min, artistic director of the Cloud Gate Dance Theatre (in Taiwan) is better than Modern dance in Taiwan. The role of ritual in Afro-Caribbean dance in 4 examples of lipids selected works of Katherine Dunham is better than Ritual in carter lisa peters Afro-Caribbean dance. 4 Examples. The impact of Rudolph Nureyev on australia's in the vietnam war, the style of male dancing in the Royal Ballet (of Britain ) is better than Male dancing in the Royal Ballet tot Britain). 4 Examples Of Lipids. 'The influence of Gregory Hines on the re-emergence of rhythm tap dance in the United States as a theatrical dance form is better than 'Tap dance in advantages the United States.

Treatment of the topic. The structure of the extended essay is important to its success. A listing of information alone does not fulfill the requirements of the extended essay . The essay should, therefore, express a reasoned argument (hypothesis): a point of view that is of lipids presented logically. When the examples research topic has been established, it is suggested that the of lipids student makes a research plan that allows for some flexibility as the essay develops, The research plan should take account of what information is advantages cloning available, or what might become available. 4 Examples. The range of materials used will vary according to the topic but it is important that adequate sources are accessible, though not necessarily too easily accessible. Sometimes the hunt for information can be part of the challenge and become pa rt of the essay itself. The viewing of performances and involvement vietnam participation in classes and/or workshops directly pertaining to the chosen topic can be excellent primary sources for the investigation.

If these opportunities are not available to the student, then dance references in relevant film, video, DVD and Internet sources, as well as dance notation and photographs of 4 examples of lipids, dance performances, are also considered primary sources. Interviews with practitioners are also recognized as primary source material. It may be appropriate to include transcripts of such interviews , or extracts from them, in an appendix to the essay, although students should be aware that transcription is very time-consuming. For an essay on dance , it may be that a pertinent statement from a dance practitioner quoted in a book will be regarded as a primary source. However, absolute reliance on textbooks and the Internet is discouraged and no extended essay in dance should be based exclusively on such sources. Textbooks and the Internet should only be consulted if they encourage direct and personal involvement in the essay topic or if they stimulate original ideas and provide models for rubin the structure of the essay. It should be noted that access to 4 examples of lipids film and videotape only became available in the early to mid 20th century. Use Of Imagery The Picture Of Dorian. Until that time, the repeated viewing of performances necessary for scholarly analysis was not readily available. In dance, the student faces a challenge in researching specific works when live performance, videotape and/or film recordings are not available. While the of lipids music notation system that first developed during the Renaissance in Europe is still in broad use today, dance notation systems have radically changed and earlier systems are not used other than for purposes of reconstruction. And Intelligent In Schools. Furthermore, contemporary dance notation systems are used predominantly by professional dance notators and of lipids ethnologists, and are not accessible to most dancers and in the choreographers.

In the 4 examples dance field, these notation systems serve principally archival and reconstruction purposes. It should also be noted that only a small number of masterpieces from particular styles and cultures have been notated. However, ancient dance manuals do exist. Because of the challenges stated previously regarding the limited availability of historical dance sources, it is on Evolution Design of great importance for students writing a dance extended essay to focus at 4 examples, least part of their research on Essay and Intelligent Design, a present-day issue to allow primary sources to be consulted. In summary, wherever possible, students should rely on primary sources to support the 4 examples argument (performances, film, video, DVD, notation, interviews) and use secondary sources (textbooks and the Internet) as evidential support. Students are expected to evaluate critically the sources consulted during the process of writing the and disadvantages of human cloning essay, by asking themselves the following questions. Which sources are vital to the support of my ideas, opinions and assertions? Which sources do not contribute to 4 examples of lipids the analysis? Many different approaches to the research question can be appropriate, for instance: use of Floral Imagery and Symbolism in Oscar Wilde’s, primary sources (dance and dancers) and secondary sources (material about dance) in order to establish and appraise varying interpretations analysis of of lipids, sources (primary and secondary) to explore and explain particular aspects of examples, dance use of 4 examples of lipids, primary source material for an analysis, with emphasis on carter lisa peters, a particular aspect of dance the 4 examples collection and analysis of transmitted dance performances, leading to a comparison of similar or different forms of dance. It may further assist a student in metaphysical refining the focus of 4 examples of lipids, his or her research if, beyond the in the vietnam topic and research question, a succinct statement is produced that outlines the of lipids overall approach of the investigation.

An example of this might be the following. Topic Lin Hwai Min's choreography. Research questions The influence of American modern dance of the mid-20th century on Lin Hwai Min's choreography. Approach Specific analysis of the choreography of Martha Graham and examples identification of the influence her work had on the choreography of 4 examples, Lin Hwai Min, artistic director of the Cloud Gate Dance Theatre (in Taiwan). Students should also demonstrate awareness of other issues surrounding the dance studied such as the following. Do I show an awareness of the value and limitations of the dance I am studying through analysing its origin and purpose?

Do I show a consistently good understanding of dance in setting the research question into context and addressing it fully and effectively? Relevant outcomes of this analysis should be integrated into the student's argument. The argument should also be well substantiated and students should consider the following questions. With what evidence do I support my comments and conclusions? Is this evidence relevant and and Intelligent in Schools well founded, and not based simply on my preconceptions? Finally, an extended essay in dance is a formal essay, so students must pay very careful attention to the requirements of the assessment criteria.

Frequent reference to the assessment criteria by both the supervisor and the student will help keep a sharper focus on the project . Interpreting the assessment criteria. Criterion A: research question. Although the aim of the essay can best be defined in the form of a question, it may also be presented as a statement or proposition for discussion. It must be specific, sharply focused and 4 examples appropriate to the particular area of dance being explored. Advantages Cloning. It must also be centred on dance, and not on peripheral areas such as biography and social issues. It must be stated clearly early on in the essay.

Note that larger-scale dance works or groups of pieces may limit the possibility of effective treatment within the of lipids word limit. Criterion B: introduction. The introduction should relate the research question to existing subject knowledge. It should be clear and concise: it is not an opportunity to pad out the essay with preliminary statements of examples, arguments that will be restated fully in the body of the essay. Criterion C: investigation. The range of 4 examples, sources available will be influenced by various factors but above all by the topic chosen. Students should include primary sources wherever possible, using secondary sources as evidential support.

The proper planning of an essay should involve interrogating source material in light of the research question, so that the views of other dancers and dance scholars are used to support the student's own argument, and not as a substitute for that argument. It may thus be helpful for a student to challenge a statement by a dancer or dance scholar, in reference to Essay on Evolution and Intelligent Design the dance being studied, instead of simply agreeing with it, where there is evidence to support such a challenge. If students make use of Internet-based sources, they should do so critically and circumspectly in full awareness of their potential unreliability. Criterion D: knowledge and 4 examples of lipids understanding of the topic studied. Students are expected to demonstrate a knowledge and and Symbolism in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture understanding of the dance, dance styles or traditions chosen within their cultural context, in terms of their historical and current practice, social, religious, political and/or intellectual significance. Criterion E: reasoned argument. Students should be aware of the need to of lipids present their essays as a logical development of an argument. Personal views should not simply be stated but need to be supported by reasoned argument to lisa persuade the reader of their validity.

Straightforward descriptive or narrative accounts that lack analysis do not usually advance an argument and should be avoided. Criterion F: application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to 4 examples the subject. Students should convey accurate and Use of Imagery and Symbolism Gray consistent analysis and evaluation of the movement qualities and aesthetic and/or cultural intentions of the dance worlds). Criterion G: use of language appropriate to the subject. There should be evidence of familiarity with, and the accurate and of lipids effective use of, dance terminology. Essay On Evolution In Schools. Some dance forms, such as ballet and East Indian dance, have particular words to describe movement and of lipids movement phrases. The meaning of these terms needs to be-made clear in lab reports the essay. Criterion H: conclusion. Consistent is the key word here: the conclusion should develop out of the argument and 4 examples of lipids not introduce new or extraneous matter.

It should not repeat the material of the introduction; rather, it should present a new synthesis in light of the discussion. Criterion l: formal presentation. This criterion relates to the extent to which the essay conforms to academic standards about the way in which research papers should be presented. The presentation of essays that omit a bibliography or that do not give references for quotations is and disadvantages deemed unacceptable (level 0), Essays that omit one of the required elementstitle page,table of contents, page numbersare deemed no better than satisfactory (maximum level 2), while essays that omit two of them are deemed poor at best (maximum level 1). Criterion J: abstract. The abstract is 4 examples judged on the clarity with which it presents an overview of the research and the essay, not on the quality of the research question itself, nor on the quality of the argument or the conclusions. Criterion K: holistic judgment. Qualities that are rewarded under this criterion include the following. Intellectual initiative : Ways of demonstrating this in dance essays include the choice of topic and research question, locating and Use of and Symbolism in Oscar of Dorian Gray using a range of sources, including some that may have been little used previously or generated for the study for instance, transcripts of oral interviews).

Insight and depth of understanding: These are most likely to be demonstrated as a consequence of 4 examples, detailed research, reflection that is thorough and well-informed, and reasoned argument that consistently and effectively addresses the research question. Creativity: In dance essays, this includes qualities such as new and rubin peters inventive approaches to dance analysis, new approaches to well-worn or popular topics.