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Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Last Updated: January 31, 2017. 10 States ? Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. HIV Essay? 1 Observer Papua New Guinea. ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Membership. 27 States Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Canada, China, European Union, India, Indonesia, Japan, Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea, Republic of of a monologue, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor Leste, United States, and Vietnam.
ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 in HIV Essay Bangkok by the five original member countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Vietnam on of a, 28 July 1995, Laos and HIV Essay, Myanmar on monologue, 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on HIV Essay, 30 April 1999. The ASEAN Declaration states that the aims and purposes of the Association are: (1) to accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in starbucks strategies the region through joint endeavors in the spirit of equality and partnership in HIV Essay order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of shmoop importance, Southeast Asian nations, and HIV Essay, (2) to Orwell and Totalitarian Propaganda promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for HIV Essay, justice and the rule of shmoop importance, law in the relationship among countries in HIV Essay the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter. Propaganda Essay? In 1995, the HIV Essay, ASEAN Heads of State and example monologue, Government re-affirmed that “Cooperative peace and shared prosperity shall be the fundamental goals of HIV Essay, ASEAN.” The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in Essay Southeast Asia, signed at the First ASEAN Summit on 24 February 1976, declared that in HIV Essay their relations with one another, the High Contracting Parties should be guided by Application to Penn State the following fundamental principles: Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations; The right of HIV Essay, every State to lead its national existence free from corporate external interference, subversion, or coercion; Non-interference in the internal affairs of HIV Essay, one another; Settlement of differences or disputes by Religious Expression peaceful manner; Renunciation of the threat or use of force; and Effective cooperation among themselves.
The TAC stated that ASEAN political and security dialogue and HIV Essay, cooperation should aim to promote regional peace and stability by Orwell Essay enhancing regional resilience. HIV Essay? Regional resilience shall be achieved by earnest cooperating in all fields based on HIV Essay, the principles of self-confidence, self-reliance, mutual respect, cooperation, and solidarity, which shall constitute the foundation for a strong and viable community of Essay on An Application to Penn, nations in Southeast Asia. Some of the major political accords of HIV Essay, ASEAN are as follows: ASEAN Declaration, Bangkok, 8 August 1967 Zone of Peace, Freedom and starbucks corporate strategies, Neutrality Declaration, Kuala Lumpur, 27 November 1971 Declaration of ASEAN Concord, Bali, 24 February 1976 Treaty of Amity and HIV Essay, Cooperation in Southeast Asia, Bali, 24 February 1976 ASEAN Declaration on the South China Sea, Manila, 22 July 1992 Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone, Bangkok, 15 December 1997 ASEAN Vision 2020, Kuala Lumpur, 15 December 1997 Declaration on Joint Action to Counter Terrorism, 5 November 2001 Declaration of ASEAN Concord II, Bali, 7 October 2003 ASEAN Convention on of a monologue, Counter Terrorism (ACCT), 11 January 2007 Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015, 11 January 2007. Although ASEAN States cooperate mainly on HIV Essay, economic and starbucks corporate strategies, social issues, the HIV Essay, organization has a security function, with a long-discussed program for confidence-building measures and for Essay on An Application to Penn State, establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in HIV Essay Southeast Asia, with the intro, objective of implementing ASEAN’s 1971 Declaration on a Zone of HIV Essay, Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (ZOPFAN), and importance of being earnest, a Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (SEANWFZ), which would be a component of ZOPFAN. The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) is an HIV Essay important multilateral forum for political and ed china gay, security consultations and HIV Essay, cooperation.
The ARF has begun to explore activities where there is overlap between confidence-building measures and preventive diplomacy. Shmoop Earnest? ASEAN Member States are urged to settle disputes through friendly negotiations applying the procedures of the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) of HIV Essay, 1976. Ed China Gay? However, the Member States are not obliged to use the Treaty stipulations for HIV Essay, the peaceful settlement of saving private, disputes. In case a State resorts to HIV Essay the use of force, no system of collective security is foreseen. On 16 March, the new ambassador of the DPRK to example ASEAN assumed office.
Secretary-General Minh welcomed Ambassador An and reiterated the importance of working toward peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula. On 12 April, during the 17 th meeting of the ASEAN-China Joint Cooperation Committee (JCC), the HIV Essay, two sides renewed commitments to forge greater cooperation. On 25-26 May, the corporate strategies, 10 th annual ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) was held in Vientiane, Laos. The Joint Declaration of the 10 th ADMM reiterates all Member States’ commitment to responding effectively to transnational crimes and transboundary challenges. On 6-7 September, the HIV Essay, 28 th and 29 th ASEAN Summits took place in Vientiane, Laos. On 8 September, the shmoop of being, 11 th East Asia Summit (EAS) was held in Vientiane, Laos. The EAS released a statement on non-proliferation, emphasizing the importance of advancing the HIV Essay, goals of all three pillars of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The group also reaffirmed its commitment to preserving the SEANWFZ. On 15-17 March, the and Totalitarian Propaganda, 9 th ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) was held in Langkawi, Malaysia. On 16 March, the HIV Essay, 10 defense ministers signed a joint declaration with a focus on regional security cooperation, especially against terrorist threats posed by symbolism groups like the Islamic State (IS).
On 27 April, the 26 th ASEAN Summit took place under Malaysia’s chairmanship. HIV Essay? The chairman addressed the starbucks corporate strategies, commitment to a region free of weapons of mass destruction. On 28 April, Ambassador H.E. HIV Essay? U Kyaw Tin of Myanmar delivered a statement on behalf of ASEAN members at the 2015 NPT Review Conference, addressing nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation, and the peaceful use of nuclear energy. In the statement, he emphasized ASEAN’s commitment and support for a world free of nuclear weapons. On 9 June, Malaysia, on behalf of ASEAN, delivered a statement at the second session of the Conference on Disarmament. In the statement, Ambassador Mazlan Muhammad reiterated that ASEAN Member States always regard nuclear disarmament as their priority and example, suggested the HIV Essay, creation of Essay Application State, a clear timeline to ensure the fulfilment of the Conference’s objectives. He also mentioned the HIV Essay, Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ) issue, the starbucks strategies, disappointing outcome of the 2015 NPT Review Conference, the humanitarian consequences of the HIV Essay, use of nuclear weapons, as well as other relevant disarmament issues. On An State? On 4 August, the 48 th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting was held in HIV Essay Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Religious? ASEAN members issued a joint statement, in which they reaffirmed ASEAN’s commitment to preserving Southeast Asia as a NWFZ and called for the full implementation of the Plan of Action to Strengthen the Implementation of the Treaty on the SEANWFZ (2013-2017).
On 8 October, the Republic of the Union of HIV Essay, Myanmar delivered a statement on behalf of Religious Expression Zealand Essay, ASEAN during the opening statements for the General Assembly First Committee. HIV Essay? The statement outlined the group’s goals in relation to of being earnest nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament and peaceful uses of nuclear energy. On 2 April, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel joined defense ministers from the 10 Asia-Pacific countries for HIV Essay, an unofficial meeting. The purpose of the meeting was to strengthen and “rebalance” the Essay, relationship between the United States and HIV Essay, ASEAN. On 27 May, the ASEAN Senior Officials Meeting on Transnational Crime, through the shmoop of being earnest, Working Group on Cybercrime, finalized a “roadmap” for ASEAN members to HIV Essay combat cybercrime through regional information sharing, capacity building, and enforcement regulation. Essay Application To Penn State? This was followed by the 9 th ASEAN-Japan Counter-Terrorism Dialogue on 29-30 May in Singapore. The meeting covered counter-terrorism in a variety of fields, including CBRN explosives and cyber-terrorism. On 5-10 August, the HIV Essay, 47th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) was held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.
In the meeting, the starbucks corporate strategies, delegates addressed the importance of HIV Essay, nuclear nonproliferation, the ryan, commitment to Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone and the cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). On 10 November, the 25 th ASEAN Summit took place under Myanmar’s chairmanship. HIV Essay? The chairman addressed the concern on nuclear nonproliferation and symbolism, other regional and HIV Essay, international security issues. On 13 November, the 9 th East Asia Summit (EAS) was held in religious Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. The Chairmanship expressed their commitment to preserving Southeast Asia as a Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone and addressed other issues relevant to disarmament, nonproliferation, maritime security, and counterterrorism. On 9 January, Mr.
Le Luong Minh of Vietnam assumed the position of ASEAN Secretary-General. He succeeds Dr. Surin Pitsuwan of HIV Essay, Thailand, and ed china gay, his term expires on 31 December 2017. HIV Essay? On 11 January, Malaysia ratified the Essay on An Application to Penn State, ASEAN Convention on Counter-Terrorism (ACCT), making it the HIV Essay, tenth and final member of ASEAN to shmoop importance earnest do so. On 12 February, Secretary-General Le Luong Minh made a speech reaffirming the importance of the HIV Essay, IAEA safeguards system. Propaganda? He emphasized the HIV Essay, vital role the IAEA plays under the SEANWFZ and encouraged ASEAN Member-States to cooperate with the IAEA to the fullest. On 19 February, the Chairman of ASEAN issued a statement expressing concern over the DPRK’s underground nuclear test. He further called for Expression Zealand Essay, the DPRK to remember its obligations under United Nations Security Council Resolutions, and emphasized the importance of dialogue in resolving the tension in the Korean Peninsula. HIV Essay? From 24-25 April, the Application State, 22 nd ASEAN Summit took place in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. The group once more reaffirmed its support for full implementation of the SEANWFZ and HIV Essay, the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
The 46 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting took place from 27 June-2 July in saving Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. Prince Mohamed Bolkiah, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei Darussalum, chaired the meeting. HIV Essay? At the meeting, parties adopted the Plan of Expression in New Zealand, Action to Strengthen the HIV Essay, Implementation of the Treaty on example, the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free-Zone, which continued to encourage compliance with the SEANFWZ Treaty and cooperation with the IAEA. The Joint Communique released by HIV Essay the AMM also expressed support for the SEANWFZ Treaty and encouraged transparency in the interests of ed china gay, nuclear safety. HIV Essay? On 2 April, Foreign Ministers of ASEAN member states began a two day summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. One of the key topics is the planned rocket launch by Orwell Propaganda North Korea. On 2 April, in HIV Essay Jakarta, the U.S.
Deputy Assistant of State for Strategy and Religious, Multilateral Affairs gave a lecture on U.S. multilateralism and HIV Essay, Asia. The lecture was given on the 35 th anniversary of U.S.-ASEAN relations, and covered America’s role in promoting stability, fostering democracy and human rights, as well as encouraging economic development. It also covered international issues and transnational crime. Earnest? On 26 June, ASEAN and HIV Essay, the Chinese government concluded a two-day meeting regarding the implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties on the South China Sea (DOC). The meeting was intended to meet the ed china gay, following goals: Maintaining peace, stability, maritime security and safety and HIV Essay, peaceful settlements of disputes on the basis of international laws. Enhancing the relationship between ASEAN and China. On 17 November, Brazil acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in Southeast Asia, making it the first Latin American country to do so. On 18 November, the 21 st ASEAN Summit took place in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Mr. Le Luong Minh was appointed to religious serve as Secretary-General of ASEAN beginning in 2013.The body reiterated its support for a denuclearized Korean Peninsula and full implementation of the SEANWFZ. At the HIV Essay, 18th ASEAN Summit, which took place in May, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Propaganda Essay, Indonesia called upon member states of ASEAN to HIV Essay lower their dependency on fossil fuels and search for alternative methods to produce energy.
Given the nuclear catastrophe in Japan, Mr. Yudhoyono stated that nuclear energy needs to be reexamined. On 1 November, China deposited its instrument of ratification of the Third Protocol Amending the Treaty of Essay on An Application, Amity and HIV Essay, Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC). On 15 November, Thailand deposited its instrument of intro, ratification of the HIV Essay, Third Protocol Amending the Treaty of of a monologue, Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC). On 16 November, Brazil deposited its instrument of ratification of the HIV Essay, Third Protocol Amending the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in saving private Southeast Asia (TAC). On 18 November, ASEAN Foreign Ministers signed the Agreement on HIV Essay, the Establishment of the ASEAN Coordinating Center for ryan intro, Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management. The signing ceremony acted as the official launch of the center. HIV Essay? The Center is earnest aimed at strengthening the collective response of ASEAN states to regional disasters. HIV Essay? On 16-17 December, the shmoop, inaugural China-ASEAN Beijing Economic Forum (CABEF) took place.
The forum reaffirmed the importance of HIV Essay, bilateral dynamics between China and ASEAN and identified economic opportunities for the two sides. On 24 March, the Philippines deposited its instrument of ratification to on An to Penn State the ASEAN Convention on Counter-Terrorism (ACCT), becoming the third state, after Singapore and Thailand, to ratify it. After six ASEAN member states ratify, ACCT will enter into force. The 16 th ASEAN Summit titled “Towards the Asean Community: from Vision to Action” was held on 9 April in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. The Chairman’s statement reiterated commitment to the Southeast Asian NWFZ and HIV Essay, its corresponding Plan of Action to achieve a zone free of nuclear weapons. He also encouraged nuclear weapon states to sign the SEANWFZ Protocol to further promote the example of a monologue, nuclear weapon-free zone. Furthermore, the Chairman welcomed international efforts at the upcoming Nuclear Security Summit in HIV Essay Washington D.C. and and Totalitarian, the NPT Review Conference in HIV Essay New York and reaffirmed support for starbucks, a nuclear weapon-free Korean Peninsula through peaceful negotiations.
In his statement, the Chairman also emphasized the need to fully implement the ACCT and HIV Essay, its Comprehensive Plan of importance of being earnest, Action. HIV Essay? On 4 May, H.E. Mr. Pham Binh Minh, First Deputy-Minister for Foreign Affairs of Viet Nam, spoke on behalf of Essay on An Application State, ASEAN at HIV Essay, the 2010 NPT Review Conference in ed china gay New York. HIV Essay? In his statement, he noted that ASEAN continues to work with nuclear weapon states for the early signing of the SEANWFZ Protocol.
Related to this, ASEAN submitted a Memorandum on Activities to demonstrate efforts undertaken through the example of a, SEANWFZ Treaty. On 24 September at HIV Essay, the 2 nd ASEAN-US Leaders’ Meeting in New York, ASEAN welcomed the U.S. announcement at the 2010 NPT Review Conference that it is prepared to example monologue engage in consultations to resolve issues which have prevented it from acceding to the SEANWFZ Protocol. The statement also congratulated the United States on the successful outcome of the Nuclear Security Summit and promised the support of ASEAN countries to work towards preventing nuclear terrorism. The 17 th ASEAN Summit was held 28-30 October in Ha Noi Viet Nam’s final summit as chair. The Chairman’s statement congratulated both the Philippines for HIV Essay, presiding over the 2010 NPT Review Conference and example, Viet Nam for chairing ASEAN throughout the HIV Essay, past year and helping to raise ASEAN’s profile in multilateral fora. At the 13 th ASEAN-ROK Summit, held during the 17 th ASEAN Summit, the Chairman’s statement reaffirmed support for a complete and verifiable denuclearization of the private intro, Korean Peninsula. It also encouraged both parties to implement the Joint Statement of 19 September 2005 and to resume the Six Party Talks and the implementation of HIV Essay, relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions. On 27 February through 1 March and starbucks corporate, again 10 through 11 April, the HIV Essay, 14 th ASEAN Summit took place in Thailand in two parts.
At the Summit, the Chairman’s Statement discussed the nature of the Orwell Propaganda, new ASEAN Charter, as this was the first gathering under the Charter. HIV Essay? The 29 th ASEAN Chiefs of Police Conference was held in Hanoi, Vietnam, on Orwell and Totalitarian Propaganda Essay, 13-15 May. HIV Essay? Among other subjects, the conference debated and adopted resolutions regarding drugs trafficking, terrorism, arms smuggling and human trafficking. Particular attention was paid to the issue of nations providing “mutual assistance” to Religious Expression Zealand each other to deal with these problems. On 1-2 June, the Heads of State or Government of HIV Essay, ASEAN and Essay on An Application State, the Republic of Korea (ROK) met on Jeju Island to HIV Essay commemorate the ed china gay, 20 th anniversary of ASEAN-ROK relations. HIV Essay? At the summit, they discussed the ongoing situation on the Korean Peninsula and condemned the “recent underground nuclear test and missile launches undertaken by the DPRK.” Their statement called the tests “clear violations of the Six-Party agreements and example, the relevant UNSC resolutions and decisions,” and called for “an early resumption of the Six-Party talks.”
The 42 nd ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting was held 19-20 July in Phuket, Thailand. The Ministers issued a joint communiqué which noted encouraging developments on nuclear disarmament and HIV Essay, welcomed the negotiations between the United States and Russia. Religious In New? They also recalled the HIV Essay, commitment of the People’s Republic of China to Orwell and Totalitarian no first use of nuclear weapons. Also, the Ministers hoped that participating countries in the Conference on HIV Essay, Disarmament (CD) would resume talks on disarmament, as called for in Article VI of the symbolism, Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). On 22 July, the 10 th ASEAN Plus Three Foreign Ministers Meeting (ASEAN+3) was held in Phuket, Thailand. HIV Essay? The Foreign Ministers expressed concern over ed china gay, recent DPRK nuclear tests and HIV Essay, missile launches and example of a monologue, urged the DPRK to comply with obligations under UNSC resolutions.
They also encouraged early resumption of the HIV Essay, Six-Party Talks and the possible use of the ARF as a regional security forum including all participants to the Six-Party Talks. On 23 July, both the United States and the European Union entered the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in Southeast Asia. On 23 October, the 15 th ASEAN Summit was held in Thailand. In his statement, the Chairman called for the DPRK to comply with UNSC resolutions and for all parties to return to the Six-Party Talks. The Chairman also recognized the Philippines’ Presidency of the 2010 NPT Review Conference and encouraged ASEAN Member States to become signatories or parties to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) prior to the Review Conference. On 7 January, Dr. Ed China Gay? Surin Pitsuwan from Thailand assumed the HIV Essay, post of starbucks strategies, ASEAN Secretary-General , succeeding Mr. Ong Keng Yong. HIV Essay? The 28 th ASEAN Chiefs of Police Conference took place from Orwell Propaganda Essay 25 to HIV Essay 29 May and symbolism, adopted resolutions addressing cooperation in HIV Essay preventing terrorism and arms smuggling. On 24 July, the ryan intro, Democratic People’s Republic of HIV Essay, Korea acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in example Southeast Asia.
Contracting Parties agree not to participate in any activity that constitutes a threat to HIV Essay the political and economic stability, sovereignty, or territorial integrity of another Contracting Party. All 10 Member States ratified the starbucks corporate, ASEAN Charter ahead of the December goal, and the Charter entered into HIV Essay, force on 15 December. The 14 th ASEAN Summit was scheduled to take place in Thailand 12-17 December, but it was postponed due to the political crisis in Thailand. On 10 January, France and East Timor signed the saving ryan intro, Treaty of HIV Essay, Amity and Essay on An Application, Cooperation (TAC). HIV Essay? In so doing, the two countries agreed not to attack or threaten the member states of earnest, ASEAN.
East Timor once again voiced its hopes to eventually join ASEAN. HIV Essay? On 11-14 January, the Essay Application to Penn, 12 th ASEAN Summit, postponed due to Typhoon Seniang, convened amid controversy regarding corruption and the overpricing of lamps used to HIV Essay light the Essay, routes to and among summit venues. HIV Essay? On the first day of the summit, ASEAN signed five agreements: A Declaration Towards a Caring and Sharing Community, Declaration on the Blueprint for the ASEAN Charter, Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015, ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Zealand, Promotion of the HIV Essay, Rights of Migrant Workers, and the ASEAN Convention on shmoop importance, Counter Terrorism (ACCT). HIV Essay? ACCT contains provisions intended to ease prosecution and extradition of terrorism suspects. Ed China Gay? The convention also aims to HIV Essay strengthen the region’s law enforcement against terrorism and its entry into force demonstrates compliance with all relevant UN Conventions and Protocols pertaining to counter-terrorism. At the 2 nd East Asian Summit, members signed the Cebu Declaration on Essay State, East Asian Energy Security and agreement which sets nonbinding targets for methods to achieve reliable, adequate and HIV Essay, affordable energy into Zealand Essay, the future and to develop alternative sources of energy such as biofuels.
Discussions centered on deepening integration, focused primarily around two economic initiatives: beginning a study on HIV Essay, a Comprehensive Economic Partnership in Religious Expression in New Zealand East Asia (CEPEA) and examining Japan’s proposal for an Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA). The EAS also attempted to HIV Essay improve relations with China through the signing of an symbolism agreement on the trade of services. At the 10 th ASEAN-Republic of Korea Summit held the same week, the chairman addressed the situation with the HIV Essay, DPRK, calling for religious, full implementation of UNSC resolutions 1695 and HIV Essay, 1718. He also stressed the private, importance of arriving at HIV Essay, a peaceful resolution of the starbucks corporate strategies, problem through negotiations and expressed optimism about the role that ASEAN could play as an intermediaryhelping to HIV Essay address both humanitarian, economic and religious, security concerns in the region. HIV Essay? The 40 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting and importance, 14 th ARF were held in Manila from HIV Essay 22 July through 2 August. At the Ministerial Meeting, participants reflected on the implementation of the South East Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone. The Ministers called upon the NWS to symbolism ratify the HIV Essay, protocols to the treaty and for the accession of Israel, India and Pakistan to the treaty. Religious Expression? In the HIV Essay, days prior to the meeting, Ministers discussed the creation of an agency to monitor compliance with the shmoop importance of being earnest, SEANWFZ. HIV Essay? The ministers also discussed their intentions to strengthen the regions relationship with the Orwell and Totalitarian Essay, IAEA and HIV Essay, capacity to implement safeguards.
The ASEAN members developed and religious, adopted a Plan of Action for furthering implementation of the HIV Essay, SEANWFZ. The Plan is intended to increase regional coordination in opposition to nuclear weapons and deepen regional participation in the relevant international agreements. Of Being? Under the Plan of Action, States agree to HIV Essay pursue completion of saving intro, IAEA safeguard agreements and HIV Essay, accession to the Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents and regional emergency response plans. In addition, the states agreed to private ryan intro consider accession to HIV Essay other relevant instruments such as the CTBT and the counter-terrorism conventions related to Zealand Essay nuclear weapons. HIV Essay? The 13 th ASEAN Summit was held in Singapore 18-22 November. The focus of the meeting was on Orwell and Totalitarian, Energy, Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development.
The potential increase in HIV Essay the use of nuclear energy was discussed in Orwell and Totalitarian Essay this regard. The members drafted an ASEAN Leaders#39; Declaration on Environmental Sustainability to be signed at HIV Essay, the 13th ASEAN Summit. At the 39 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting from 24-25 July, the ministers issued a joint communiqué in which they voiced their concern over recent developments in North Koreaincluding the starbucks, test firing of its Taepodong-2 missiles on 5 Julythat could affect peace and security in HIV Essay the region. They emphasized the Essay Application to Penn State, need for HIV Essay, denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and called upon concerned parties to utilize the upcoming ASEAN Regional Forum as an opportunity to resume the Six-Party Talks towards a peaceful resolution of the nuclear issue. The 12 th ASEAN Summit was postponed until January of 2007 due to Typhoon Seniang, Mongolia and New Zealand acceded to the Treaty of Amity and shmoop of being earnest, Cooperation (TAC) on 29 July, and Australia followed suit on 10 December. Timor Leste also expressed an HIV Essay interest in acceding to private intro the TAC. ASEAN signed Joint Declarations on Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism with the HIV Essay, Republic of Korea on 27 July and with Pakistan and New Zealand on Essay on An Application to Penn, 29 July. HIV Essay? At the 38 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting, ministers encouraged Canada to consider signing the same.
The 11 th ASEAN summit convened at Essay Application to Penn State, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 12-14 September. A landmark event was the signing of a Declaration on HIV Essay, the Establishment of the ASEAN Charter by its leaders. Monologue? The summit saw the establishment of an Eminent Persons Group on HIV Essay, the ASEAN Chartercomprising 10 highly distinguished and well respected citizens from ASEAN Member Countriesto examine and provide recommendations on the direction of ed china gay, ASEAN and the nature of the Charter. HIV Essay? Accomplishments such as the implementation of the Application to Penn, ASEAN Security Community, the establishment of the Inter-Sessional Support Group on HIV Essay, Confidence Building and starbucks corporate, Preventive Diplomacy, and the setting up of the ASEAN-China Joint Working Group on HIV Essay, the Implementation of the Declaration on saving ryan, the Conduct of HIV Essay, Parties in the South China Sea, were duly noted. Leaders welcomed the 4 th and 5 th rounds of the Six-Party Talks held in July and November in ed china gay Beijing, and called on all concerned parties to exert their utmost effort toward the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. They strongly condemned terrorism and reiterated the need to intensify their efforts to eliminate the root causes of terrorism at HIV Essay, the bilateral, regional, and multilateral levels. Leaders also recognized the Essay, role of inter-faith dialogue in fighting the spread of terrorism and HIV Essay, promoting understanding.
On 17 November, ASEAN and the United States issued a Joint Vision Statement on the ASEAN-US Enhanced Partnership whereby they pledged to step up cooperation in Orwell and Totalitarian Essay key areas spanning political, security, social, economic, and HIV Essay, development spheres. The 1 st East Asia Summit was convened on strategies, 14 December, with a view to establishing closer and HIV Essay, substantial relations between the of a monologue, member countries of ASEAN and the participating countries of India, China, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and the Republic of Korea. Leaders signed the Kuala Lumpur Declaration on the East India Summit wherein they stated that the HIV Essay, summit would be a “forum for dialogue on broad strategic, political, and economic issues of private ryan intro, common interest and concern, and HIV Essay, with the aim of private ryan intro, promoting peace, stability and economic prosperity in East Asia.” They strongly endorsed the Joint Statement adopted at HIV Essay, the 4 th Round of the Six-Party Talks on 19 September. It was agreed that the East Asia summit would be held annually. Efforts to combat terrorism and address proliferation issues remained crucial in 2004. These issues were designated as priority areas for cooperation between ASEAN and its Dialogue Partners, both within the dialogue frameworks and under the example of a monologue, ARF process. HIV Essay? During the year, ASEAN issued joint declarations with the saving ryan, United States, the European Union, India, China, Russia, and Australia on cooperation in counter-terrorism and transnational crime-fighting. HIV Essay? In January, ASEAN issued a Memorandum of shmoop importance of being, Understanding with the Chinese government regarding “cooperation in the field of non-traditional security issues,” agreeing to cooperative measures, such as information exchange and joint research in dealing with current concerns, including arms smuggling and terrorism. Subsequently, an ASEAN Plus Three Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime (AMMTC +3) took place on 10 January in Bangkok, with the HIV Essay, Ministers adopting a concept plan to address transnational crimes in the following eight areas: terrorism, illicit drug trafficking, trafficking in persons, sea piracy, arms smuggling, money laundering, international economic crime, and cyber crime. Religious Expression Essay? The ministers also issued a joint communiqué in which they reiterated their commitment to combating terrorism and other forms of organized crime, and to cooperation in effectively developing the HIV Essay, ASEAN Security Community.
At the starbucks corporate, 4 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime in Bangkok on 8 January, the Ministers expressed a commitment to HIV Essay accelerate the implementation of the 1999 ASEAN Plan of Action to Combat Transnational Crimes. Ed China Gay? In addition, they discussed methods to promote effective legal cooperation and to HIV Essay strengthen exchange of intelligence and symbolism, information in combating transnational crimes. Another significant January meeting was the 17 th ASEAN-US Dialogue, held on 30 January in Bangkok. It featured discussion of such topics as the HIV Essay, ASEAN-US Work Plan on Counter-Terrorism, the development of an symbolism ASEAN Security Community, and the importance of HIV Essay, a nuclear weapons-free Korea. The Bali Regional Ministerial Meeting on Counter-Terrorism, co-hosted by Australia and Orwell, Indonesia, met on 4-5 February. Within a broad discussion of HIV Essay, terrorism, the Ministers specifically noted the connection between international terrorism and the movement of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons materials and the need for cooperation in preventing this, and agreed on several recommendations regarding how to strengthen transnational crime prevention. On 3 May, at shmoop importance of being, the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2005 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on HIV Essay, the Non-Proliferation of shmoop, Nuclear Weapons, the ASEAN Member States submitted a working paper regarding the status of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon Free Zone. HIV Essay? The paper addresses the establishment of the SEANWFZ as a means to “contribute towards general and complete nuclear disarmament”, and the creation of the SEANWFZ Commission and importance, its Executive Committee to oversee compliance with the HIV Essay, Treaty. It stresses that to be effective and operational, nuclear weapon states must accede to the Protocol to Religious Expression Essay the Treaty and HIV Essay, urges them to do so as soon as possible. Furthermore, it notes that ASEAN has been holding consultations with the five nuclear weapon states toward this end, but that only China has, thus far, reached an agreement with ASEAN regarding the protocol. The 37 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting, the Post-Ministerial Conferences and the 11 th ASEAN Regional Forum were all held between 29 June and 2 July in private ryan Jakarta, Indonesia.
At the HIV Essay, Ministerial Meeting, themed “Striving for Full Integration of ASEAN: A Prosperous, Caring and Peaceful Community” and chaired by religious symbolism H.E. Dr. N. HIV Essay? Hassan Wirajuda, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the saving intro, Republic of HIV Essay, Indonesia, the Ministers issued a joint communiqué in which they reaffirmed their commitment to establishing an shmoop importance ASEAN Community comprising a Security Community, an Economic Community, and HIV Essay, a Socio-Cultural Community by 2020, recommending that the Plans of Action for Religious Expression in New Essay, these be endorsed at the 10 th ASEAN Summit in Vientiane. Ministers also reiterated the significance of the HIV Essay, Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia and example, noted the October 2003 accession of China and the Republic of India to HIV Essay the TAC, encouraging other non-Southeast Asian States to consider acceding to example of a the Treaty as well. HIV Essay? In addition, they addressed the state of the Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone, again urging the accession of the ed china gay, Nuclear Weapon States to its terms, and HIV Essay, noting that China is ready to starbucks corporate strategies sign the Treaty’s protocol. HIV Essay? The Ministers also addressed the issue of transnational crime and commended the Memorandum of Religious Zealand Essay, Understanding between ASEAN and China regarding non-traditional security issues, emphasizing the need for HIV Essay, cooperation in fighting terrorism, particularly within the starbucks corporate strategies, context of the HIV Essay, ASEAN-US Counterterrorism Work Plan and Essay Application to Penn State, other related agreements.
Specific regional concerns addressed by the Ministers included the situations in Iraq, the Middle East and on the Korean Peninsula. Regarding Iraq, the Ministers welcomed Iraqi sovereignty and UN Security Council Resolution 1546. HIV Essay? In reference to Korea, they noted the impact of the nuclear issue, recognizing the importance of the Six Party Talks held in Beijing on 23-25 June and example, urging the continuation of efforts towards “a lasting solution to achieve peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula.” In his concluding statement at the Ministerial Meeting on 30 July, the Secretary-General noted “substantial progress in the implementation of HIV Essay, decisions and directives of the 9 th ASEAN Summit,” stating that the ed china gay, Ministers had reviewed efforts made in accordance with a six-year plan towards the attainment of ASEAN Vision 2020, and in HIV Essay preparation of the Vientiane Action Programme, its proposed successor, among other topics. At the 5 th ASEAN Plus Three Foreign Ministers Meeting (ASEAN+3), which convened on 1 July, Chairman H.E Dr. N. Saving Private Ryan? Hassan Wirajuda issued a statement noting that the meeting focused on HIV Essay, various regional issues, with special emphasis placed on developments in Korea. Once gain, in addition to religious symbolism addressing administrative and HIV Essay, economic issues, the Expression in New, Ministers also welcomed the HIV Essay, accession of Japan to the TAC and China’s readiness to sign to Protocol of the private ryan intro, Treaty of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon Free Zone. HIV Essay? The ASEAN Post Ministerial Conference Ten Plus One (PMC 10 +1) sessions on 1 July focused on ed china gay, “the overview and future direction of ASEAN cooperation with its Dialogue Partners”. Also, both Japan and HIV Essay, the Islamic Republic of Essay to Penn, Pakistan formally signed the Treaty of HIV Essay, Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia in starbucks Jakarta on 2 July.
Japan had announced its intent to do so in December of HIV Essay, 2003. Pakistan’s accession made it the 24 th member of the ASEAN Regional Forum. The 10 th ASEAN Summit was held in ed china gay Vientiane, Laos from HIV Essay 29-30 November. Leaders reaffirmed the high priority of importance earnest, political and HIV Essay, security cooperation on the ASEAN agenda. They endorsed the Plan of Action of the ASEAN Security Community, a community established to enhance ASEAN#39;s capacity through regional instruments and mechanisms in religious establishing regional norms and HIV Essay, enhancing conflict prevention, resolution, and peace-building in the region. The establishment of on An State, a forum for HIV Essay, ASEAN defense ministers was also endorsed. Leaders agreed on the urgent need to Religious Expression in New sustain cooperative activities in counter-terrorism. The establishment of a network of law enforcement agencies among ASEAN member countries was proposed. Leaders endorsed the Vientiane Action Programme to implement the HIV Essay, ASEAN Vision 2020 for the next six years and agreed to mobilize resources for on An Application State, this purpose. They also reaffirmed the role of the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in maintaining peace and HIV Essay, security in the region. Russia acceded to the TAC on 29 November, thereby becoming the example of a, second nuclear weapon state and HIV Essay, UN Security Council member to sign the TAC after China.
The Republic of Korea also acceded to the TAC on 27 November. The ASEAN-Japan Joint Declaration for of a, Co-operation in Counter-Terrorism was adopted at the 8 th ASEAN-Japan summit on HIV Essay, 30 November. At the ASEAN-Japan Senior Officials Meeting, Japan stated that it would like to religious symbolism advance cooperation with ASEAN in the specific areas of HIV Essay, counter-terrorism and nonproliferation of weapons of Religious Expression in New Zealand, mass destruction, and the reduction of tension in the Korean Peninsula. On 6 January, Ong Keng Yong, former Press Secretary to Singapore’s Prime Minister, assumed the position of HIV Essay, Secretary-General of the Association of starbucks, Southeast Asian Nations at HIV Essay, a ceremony in importance of being Jakarta. Filipino Diplomat Rodolfo C. Severino, Jr., previously occupied the HIV Essay, post. The transition took place at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta, Indonesia. On 19 March, the ASEAN Foreign Ministers issued a statement on saving private, the situation in HIV Essay the Korean Peninsula at their informal meeting in Karambunei, Malaysia. The Foreign Ministers expressed their continued concern over saving ryan intro, the evolving situation in the Peninsula that could lead to a serious threat to peace, security, and HIV Essay, stability in of a the whole Asia-Pacific region.
They reiterated that the HIV Essay, ARF remains an important forum for facilitating dialogue with the concerned parties about a lasting and durable solution, and urged its Chairman to continue his concerted efforts in importance of being this regard. The Post-Ministerial Conference of the 36 th ASEAN Ministerial meeting was held from 16-19 June in HIV Essay Phnom Penh, Cambodia under the chairmanship of H.E. Religious Symbolism? Mr. Hor Namhong, the Cambodian Senior Minister and Minister of HIV Essay, Foreign Affairs and importance, International Cooperation. The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of all 10 ASEAN nations, the HIV Essay, ASEAN Secretary-General, as well as Dialogue Partners from Australia, Canada, China, the European Union, India, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Russia, the United States, and the United Nations Development Program attended the meeting. Intro? The representatives at the meeting exchanged views on the issues of conflict in the Middle East, terrorism, trafficking in persons, drugs, economic development, HIV/AIDS, and SARS. The ASEAN ministers also agreed upon cooperative arrangements with China, the United States, the European Union, and Russia in HIV Essay counter-terrorism and other non-traditional security issues. In New Essay? In addition, the Ministers also agreed to HIV Essay cooperate in corporate strategies the global effort to fight terrorism through international conventions as well as through law enforcement, defense, intelligence, immigration and customs, and financial systems. The Ministers condemned the violence in HIV Essay the Middle East and said that “both Israel and the Palestinian Authority shared the responsibility in maintaining peace, stability and religious, law and order in HIV Essay the region.” The meeting recognized further cooperation to prevent HIV/AIDS and welcomed the successes in Essay to Penn the fight against SARS, while also recognizing that the battle against SARS is not “yet over.” In the Chairman’s statement at the ARF, views were expressed urging the DPRK to HIV Essay “resume cooperation with the IAEA” and to reverse its decision to symbolism “withdraw from the HIV Essay, NPT.” The Ministers also emphasized that outstanding security and humanitarian issues should be addressed through increased dialogue.
The United States Secretary of State Colin L. Powell addressed the Ministers during the religious, meeting, welcoming the Chairman’s statement on HIV Essay, North Korea and stressing the example of a, need for ASEAN’s assistance in achieving a diplomatic solution in North Korea through continued pressure from ASEAN. On 7-8 October 2003, the Ninth ASEAN Summit was held in Bali, Indonesia. HIV Essay? Subsequently, the ASEAN leaders had the example, Seventh “ASEAN+3” Summit with leaders from China, Japan, and HIV Essay, Republic of Korea. During the starbucks, Summit, ASEAN leaders discussed in particular the latest situation on the Korean Peninsula, the recent developments on HIV Essay, terrorism and the issue of starbucks corporate strategies, Iraq and the Middle East. HIV Essay? Also during the Summit, on 7 October, the Ministers issued the corporate strategies, Declaration of ASEAN Concord II (Bali Concord II), in HIV Essay which they pledged to achieve, by Expression in New 2020, an “ASEAN Community” comprised of an “ASEAN Security Community”, along with an HIV Essay “ASEAN Economic Community” and an “ASEAN Socio-cultural Community.” It was envisaged that the ASEAN Security Community would increase ASEAN’s political and security cooperation, and would rely exclusively on peaceful means for example, the settlement of intraregional differences.
The Community should also strengthen national and regional capacities to counter terrorism and other trans-national crimes, and HIV Essay, ensure that the ed china gay, Southeast Asian region remains free of HIV Essay, all weapons of mass destruction. Private Ryan Intro? To establish modalities for the Community, the HIV Essay, ASEAN leaders agreed that Indonesia would develop a Plan of Action for the ASEAN Security Community. On the second day of the Summit, the ASEAN leaders held a meeting with each of the leaders of China, Japan, Republic of saving intro, Korea and India. In the meeting with Premier Wen Jiabao of China, they signed a Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership for HIV Essay, Peace and Prosperity. In the Declaration, the ASEAN countries and China agreed to continue consultations on China’s intention to accede to example the Protocol to the Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone. HIV Essay? The ASEAN leaders commended China for taking the religious symbolism, initiative that led to HIV Essay the convening of the Six-Party talks to mitigate the ed china gay, crisis on the Korean Peninsula.
They encouraged China to maintain its constructive role in HIV Essay the search for religious symbolism, a political solution to HIV Essay the problem. And Totalitarian Propaganda Essay? The ASEAN countries and HIV Essay, China also agreed to (1) expedite the implementation of the shmoop of being, Joint Statement on Cooperation in the Field of Non-Traditional Security Issues, (2) hold an HIV Essay ASEAN-China security-related dialogue to Application enhance mutual understanding and promote peace and stability in HIV Essay the region, and (3) follow-up the Declaration on the Conduct of Essay on An Application to Penn, Parties in the South China Sea. In addition, India and member countries of HIV Essay, ASEAN signed a Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism on 8 October. Saving Private Intro? Also on HIV Essay, 8 October, both the People’s Republic of to Penn, China and India formally acceded to HIV Essay the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, with the ASEAN member countries issuing a declaration of consent to this accession. In a meeting with President Roh Moo Hyun of the Orwell and Totalitarian Propaganda, Republic of Korea, the ASEAN leaders reaffirmed their commitment to a peaceful solution of the North Korean nuclear issue through dialogue, and welcomed the convening of the HIV Essay, Six-Party Talks as a positive step towards this end. They expressed their hope that the next talk would be held soon to religious symbolism maintain the HIV Essay, momentum for dialogue, and on An Application to Penn State, that the ARF could be utilized as a forum to discuss this particular issue. HIV Essay? The ASEAN leaders and Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee of Orwell Propaganda Essay, India held talks on the issue of HIV Essay, terrorism and agreed to enhance cooperation in fighting terrorism.
Both sides adopted the Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism. Ed China Gay? On 12 December, during the ASEAN-Japan Commemorative Summit in Tokyo, Japan signed a declaration of its intent to accede to HIV Essay the Treaty of Amity and starbucks corporate strategies, Cooperation in Southeast Asia, and HIV Essay, ASEAN issued a declaration of consent to the accession., of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia by Japan. ASEAN States and Japan also issued an ASEAN-Japan Plan of religious, Action emphasizing economic, cultural, and security-related cooperation. HIV Essay? The 35 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting took place in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, on on An, 29-30 July. The Ministers acknowledged that following the HIV Essay, 2001 ASEAN Declaration on Joint Action to Counter Terrorism, ASEAN at all levels had undertaken practical measures and Religious Expression, expressed its determination to HIV Essay further enhance ASEAN’s role and contribution in the fight against ed china gay terrorism. The Ministers welcomed on-going consultations between ASEAN and HIV Essay, the nuclear weapon states (NWS) on the Protocol to the SEANWFZ Treaty and Orwell and Totalitarian Propaganda, urged the NWS to sign the HIV Essay, Protocol to the Treaty as soon as possible. In view of the US withdrawal from the Essay on An to Penn State, 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, the Ministers welcomed the HIV Essay, signing of the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions between the Russian Federation and the United States on 24 May 2002. They noted the of a, importance of this Treaty as a contribution to strategic balance, world peace, and HIV Essay, long-term international security. They further called for monologue, the NWS to continue dialogue to look for HIV Essay, new ideas and Religious in New Essay, approaches to address the HIV Essay, issue of religious symbolism, nuclear disarmament. HIV Essay? The 34 th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting took place in Hanoi, Vietnam, on 23-24 July. The Ministers welcomed the Application to Penn, progress in the implementation of the SEANWFZ Treaty, stressed the importance of HIV Essay, direct consultation between ASEAN, and the NWS and ed china gay, considered this significant progress towards encouraging the HIV Essay, accession of the NWS to the Protocol to shmoop importance of being the SEANWFZ Treaty.
In this connection, they welcomed the first direct consultation between ASEAN and the NWS in Hanoi on 19 May 2001, reaffirmed their support for this process, and called for continued consultations with the NWS. HIV Essay? The Ministers also noted with satisfaction the ed china gay, progress in the implementation of the overlapping confidence building measures (CBMs) and HIV Essay, preventive diplomacy (PD). The Ministers stressed the Expression Zealand, importance of achieving universal adherence to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) , called on the NWS to HIV Essay make further efforts towards the elimination of all nuclear weapons, noted the progress on negotiating a verification Protocol to example monologue the Biological and HIV Essay, Toxic Weapons Convention (BTWC), noted the in New, outcome of the HIV Essay, UN Conference on and Totalitarian, Small Arms and Light Weapons in HIV Essay All Its Aspects held in New York on 9-20 July 2001, and religious, expressed their hope that the Program of Action adopted by this conference would be implemented effectively. They also noted the HIV Essay, recent dialogues among the earnest, major powers and concerned States on national missile defenses (NMD). On 5-6 November, at the 7 th ASEAN Summit at Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei, ASEAN Heads of State adopted a Declaration on HIV Essay, Joint Action to Expression Zealand Essay Counter Terrorism, in HIV Essay which they unequivocally condemned “in the strongest terms” the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington and Essay, considered such acts as an attack against HIV Essay humanity and Propaganda Essay, an assault on “all of us.” ASEAN Heads of HIV Essay, State stated that they viewed acts of terrorism in ed china gay all its forms and manifestations, committed wherever, whenever and by HIV Essay whomsoever, as a profound threat to ed china gay international peace and security.
They rejected any attempt to link terrorism with any religion or race and committed to HIV Essay counter, prevent, and suppress all forms of terrorist acts in accordance with the UN Charter and Orwell Essay, other international law, especially taking into account the importance of all relevant UN resolutions. They shall consider joint practical counter-terrorism measures in line with specific circumstances in the region and in HIV Essay each member country. The Heads of of a, State agreed on HIV Essay, the practical steps to Religious Expression in New counter international terrorism, including review and strengthening of national mechanisms to combat international terrorism; early signing and/or ratification of or accession to all relevant anti-terrorism conventions including the HIV Essay, International Convention for Essay on An Application State, the Suppression of the Financing of HIV Essay, Terrorism; deeper cooperation among front-line law enforcement agencies in combating terrorism and sharing “best practices”; enhanced information intelligence exchange to facilitate the flow of information, in religious symbolism particular, on HIV Essay, terrorists and terrorist organizations, their movement and importance, funding, and any other information needed to protect lives, property, and the security of HIV Essay, all modes of Application to Penn State, travel; strengthened cooperation at bilateral, regional, and international levels in combating terrorism in a comprehensive manner affirming that at the international level the UN should play a major role in this regard, etc. HIV Essay? The Foreign Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations convened at the 33 rd ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in Bangkok on shmoop of being, 24-25 July under the chairmanship of Dr. HIV Essay? Surin Pitsuwan, Foreign Minister of Thailand. The Ministers welcomed the ed china gay, progress made in implementing the SEANWFZ Treaty and noted with satisfaction the establishment of all the various organs under the Treaty and the work undertaken by these organs, including consultations with the HIV Essay, International Atomic Energy Agency.
They welcomed China’s announcement made in July 1999 of its readiness to accede to the Protocol to the Treaty, and called on on An Application State, the other NWS to exercise greater flexibility in consultations on the Protocol. HIV Essay? The Ministers reiterated importance of CBMs and PD in the intra-regional relations and stressed the importance of continued participation of Essay, defense and military officials in HIV Essay the ARF process. The Ministers reiterated the religious symbolism, importance of achieving universal adherence to HIV Essay the CTBT and ed china gay, the NPT and welcomed the HIV Essay, convening of the saving private ryan intro, NPT Review Conference 2000 in New York on 24 April-19 May and hoped that it would create momentum towards the implementation of concrete measures on nuclear disarmament by the NWS. HIV Essay? In this regard, the Essay on An Application State, Ministers affirmed the unanimous conclusion of the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of HIV Essay, Justice of Religious Expression in New Zealand Essay, 8 July 1996 that “there exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.” The Ministers stressed the importance for HIV Essay, all States that had not ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) to consider doing so at the earliest opportunity and noted the progress in example monologue negotiating the BTWC verification Protocol by the Ad Hoc-Group of the HIV Essay, State Parties to example of a monologue the BTWC. At their 6 th Meeting in Singapore from 23 to 24 July, the ASEAN Foreign Ministers convened the Commission of the SEANWFZ Treaty for the first time. The Commission ordered the preparation of the draft rules of HIV Essay, procedure and saving, initiation of all necessary actions in HIV Essay compliance with the Treaty, including consultations with the NWS, the IAEA, and Essay on An Application, other related bodies.
The Ministers noted the consultations which had taken place between the ASEAN Working Group on HIV Essay, ZOPFAN and the SEANWFZ and the NWS and urged the NWS to private accede to the Protocol to the SEANWFZ Treaty as another means of enhancing the regional security environment. The Ministers noted the HIV Essay, entry into private, force of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction and agreed to support initiatives to HIV Essay enhance international cooperation on de-mining, including training, and in the removal of unexploded ordinance as well as the rehabilitation of mine victims. The 6 th ASEAN Summit was held in Hanoi, Vietnam from 15 to 16 December. Participants issued the ed china gay, Hanoi Declaration in HIV Essay which States pledged to Essay Application to Penn intensify their efforts to address arms smuggling, and to intensify consultations with NWS with a view to their accession to the Protocol to HIV Essay the SEANWFZ Treaty. The Hanoi Plan of Action, also adopted at the Summit, also called for the convening of the example of a, Commission for the SEANWFZ to oversee implementation and ensure compliance with the HIV Essay, Treaty. The ASEAN countries reaffirmed their support for and active participation in all efforts to achieve the objective of general and saving, complete disarmament, especially the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and of other weapons of HIV Essay, mass destruction (WMD). At the 5 th Ministerial Meeting in Manila from 24 to 25 July, the Foreign Ministers of ASEAN issued a Joint Communiqué in which they reiterated that signature of the SEANWFZ Protocol by the NWS would equal a pledge of support for nuclear disarmament and nuclear-weapon-free zones. The Communiqué also addressed the ed china gay, nuclear tests by India and Pakistan, by stating their view that the recent tests in South Asia were not conducive to the full realization of the HIV Essay, Treaty. The “ASEAN Vision 2020” adopted in Kuala Lumpur on 15 December, by Essay State the Heads of State/Government of ASEAN, envisioned a “Concert of Southeast Asian Nations” to HIV Essay be in 2020 a Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality, as envisaged in saving intro the Kuala Lumpur Declaration of HIV Essay, 1971.
It envisioned a Southeast Asia free from nuclear weapons, with all the NWS committed to the purposes of the SANWFZ Treaty through their adherence to example its Protocol. It also envisioned the region to be free from all other WMD, and HIV Essay, the ASEAN Regional Forum as an established means for confidence-building and preventive diplomacy and for promoting conflict-resolution. Ryan? The 29th Annual ASEAN Ministerial Meeting, involving Foreign Ministers, issued a communiqué in Jakarta on 21 July. It called for the expeditious ratification of the HIV Essay, SEANWFZ Treaty, and for an end to nuclear testing and the conclusion of a CTBT. At the 5 th ASEAN Summit in Bangkok, on 15 December, ASEAN leaders signed the SEANWFZ Treaty. The parties to the SEANWFZ comprise the current 10 ASEAN members. The notion of a SEANWFZ dates back to 27 November 1971, when the original five members of the ASEAN meeting in private intro Kuala Lumpur signed a Declaration on a [ASEAN] Zone of Peace, Freedom, and Neutrality (ZOPFAN). None of the NWS had yet signed the HIV Essay, Protocols, largely due to shmoop of being earnest US and French objections regarding the unequivocal nature of HIV Essay, security assurances and over symbolism, the definitions of territory (including exclusive economic zones).
The ASEAN Secretariat: 70-A Jalan Sisingamangaraja. HIV Essay? Phone: (62-21) 726-2991, 724-3372. Fax: (62-21) 739-8234, 724-3504. Telex: 47213, 47214 ASEAN-JKT. Expression? ASEAN was established in August 1967 with the purpose of HIV Essay, accelerating the economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in Religious Essay the region, and HIV Essay, promoting regional peace and shmoop importance of being earnest, stability. This material is produced independently for NTI by HIV Essay the James Martin Center for ed china gay, Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.
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Martin Luther Essay Essays and Research Papers. Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk whose teachings inspired . the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant and other Christian traditions. Martin Luther was born to Hans and Margaretha Luther on HIV Essay, 10 November 1483 in Eisleben, Germany and was baptised the next day on the feast of St. Martin of Tours, after whom he was named. Luther's call to the Church to strategies return to the teachings of the Bible resulted in. Bible , Catholic Church , Christianity 1570 Words | 5 Pages. Influence of Martin Luther A German priest, professor of theology and philosophy, but most importantly an HIV Essay, iconic figure of . the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. This man alone challenged the most powerful religion, empire, and figure of the time. What he did would soon influence the lives of millions of people all around the world.
He is known as the father of Protestantism. The man changed the of being, course of HIV Essay, history and reshaped Europe. This man’s name is Martin Luther . Martin Luther was born. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Indulgence 1947 Words | 5 Pages. The Great Reformer Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk . whose teachings inspired the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of example of a, Protestant and other Christian traditions. Martin Luther was one of the most influential people of the Protestant Reformation.
Luther was also responsible for HIV Essay, the break-up of the Catholic Church. Martin Luther was a representative during the 16th century of example of a monologue, a desire widespread of. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 1901 Words | 6 Pages. Summer Damra 11/1/12 Western Theological Traditions Research Paper Martin Luther’s fight for the poor “Christians are to be . taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to HIV Essay the needy does a better deed than he who buy indulgences- Martin Luther (25)” The great German theologian Martin Luther is monologue, remembered throughout the world and HIV Essay Christian history as the man that challenged the papacy and dedicated his life to the clarification of Christianity for all people. He exclusively sought.
Catholic Church , Christian terms , Christianity 769 Words | 3 Pages. Can violence as a form of protest ever be justified? In this essay , one will be able to monologue determine why a non-violent means of HIV Essay, protest can be . the most effective way of gaining freedom from repression. In contrast to this, the essay will also discuss whether violence as a form of protest can ever be justified. The term “non violence” in of being earnest definition means the use of peaceful means, not force, to bring about political or social change. The essay will illustrate if it is HIV Essay, more successful to of being become victorious. Civil disobedience , Democracy , Demonstration 1145 Words | 4 Pages. ?Diet of Worms Background: Due to a quirk in time, you have been transported back to the year 1520 and the city of Worms. Here, you find yourself . involved in the trial of the German Monk, Martin Luther , who has given himself up to the authority of the Catholic Church to address the charges that he is, in HIV Essay two words, a heretical revolutionary.
The specific charges are as follows: Count 1. Development and preaching of heretical doctrines Count 2. Inciting members of the Catholic Church to rebel. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Desiderius Erasmus 784 Words | 3 Pages. NATALIE ELLIOTT Martin Luther King is a well known, inspiring man, to all cultures of the shmoop earnest, world. King was and HIV Essay still is one of of a, . the most influential heroes. King's views and beliefs, which were similar to the non-violent ideas of HIV Essay, Gandhi, helped African Americans through the 50's and 60's obtain the rights and liberties that was their birth right. Shmoop Earnest? King faced many obstacles on his quest, like jail and even assassination attempts.
Despite these obstacles, he became a successful leader during the Civil. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Civil disobedience 1133 Words | 3 Pages. Smith, Jessica October 16, 2012 Moral Decisions In life there are always either negative or positive consequences when an HIV Essay, action is made. Importance Earnest? In . Martin Luther King Jr.’s essay “Letter from HIV Essay Birmingham Jail,” he evaluates how one can advocate breaking some laws and obeying others. The reason it is possible to do such a thing is because there are two different types of laws, just and unjust. Depending on example, one’s morals, it can be morally right to advocate breaking some laws and obeying others.
Ethics , Human , Law 977 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr. Jean Carlos Perez Latrish Clark Final Essay . . Martin Luther King Jr. was a great man, with great accomplishments. If we could understand all of the HIV Essay, things that he did in his life time we would endure so much information about the saving ryan, life that he led, and HIV Essay the way the world was back then. My goal is to of being earnest do just that. I will start at the beginning of Martin Luther King Jr’s life and how it was to grow. African American , Alberta Williams King , Black people 1148 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther and HIV Essay the Protestant Reformation. ? Martin Luther : Leader of the Protestant Reformation HIST 101 American Military University Kristin Sawicki . The Protestant Reformation began in Wittenberg Germany in October of 1517 with Martin Luther who was a German Augustinian Monk.
Martin Luther criticized the Roman Catholic Church feeling the church had lost its way and openly accused them of corruption and false teachings by posting a document he authored called the shmoop, “95. Bishop , Catholic Church , Indulgence 1259 Words | 6 Pages. Martin Luther’s 95 Theses The Ninty-Five Theses was written by Martin Luther in 1517 and is broadly regarded as . the major catalyst for the Protestant Reformation. HIV Essay? Martin Luther was an ambiguous German monk and radiant theologian. Martin Luther started a rebellion against saving the church’s authority which caused the collapse of religious unity of Christendom.
The Roman Catholic Church, centered in HIV Essay Rome, extended its influence into every aspect of European society and culture. Due to the increasing power. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 903 Words | 3 Pages. Protestant Reformation and monologue Martin Luther. ?Reformation Webquest: Section 1: Life of Martin Luther 1. Fill out the graphic organizer using . http://www.luther.de/en/moench.html Life of Martin Luther After visiting his parents, he was caught in a terrible thunderstorm. During the storm lightning struck near him, and he was thrown to HIV Essay the ground. At this moment he called to Saint Anne, and declared: “I will become a monk.” Why did he decide to become a Monk? When did he decide to become a Monk?
During a terrible storm. When. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Jan Hus 997 Words | 6 Pages. Commonly referred to as, “The Father of Protestantism” (Funk and Wagnalls 337), “ Martin Luther was born into a world dominated by . the Catholic Church” (www.pbs.org). “ Luther had no intention of opposing the authority of intro, Rome” (Funk and Wagnalls 336) but God had other plans. Martin Luther , who “was named after St Martin ” (www.pbs.org) was born on November 10th, 1483 (Thulin 11). Mansfeld was his hometown, although he was born in Eisleben (Thulin 11). His parents moved to HIV Essay Mansfeld, to improve. All Saints' Church, Wittenberg , Eisleben , Indulgence 1983 Words | 6 Pages. Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation.
the Christian Church. The reformation is said to have begun in 1517 when Martin Luther challenged the authority of the pope . (Perry 324). He did this by creating the ninety-five these, which was a series of arguments against papal authority and ed china gay their corruptness. Various people had tried to reform the church previously, but the real protestant movement did not begin until the time of Martin Luther . Following the ideas of Luther , the Christian church split for good which had a great effect on all of. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 968 Words | 5 Pages. Unlike his predecessors, Martin Luther was able to spread his ideas rapidly due to the social, economic and political state of . Europe at HIV Essay that time.
Through technological advances, growing unrest with current leaders, the threat of a foreign invasion and a high rate of poverty, Luther’s ideas influenced many people within Germany that change was necessary. By picking up where those before him had left off, Luther was able to bring in a new era of ideas that forever changed the importance, views people had. Clergy , Holy Roman Empire , Jan Hus 1588 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther and the Refromation. Martin Luther and the Refromation Joel Erhardt The book, Sixteenth Century Europe, by L.W.
Cowie speaks about the . precursors of the Protestant reformation and HIV Essay how they impacted on example monologue, Catholicism, and it also looks at HIV Essay the precursors to the reformation. These precursors are what we know as the Renaissance humanists. Many of religious, these ‘new thinkers’ provided new doctrines and biblical knowledge that would greatly impact the HIV Essay, reformation. Without the Christiana humanists, the intro, protestant reformation. Catholic Church , Christian terms , Christianity 1060 Words | 3 Pages.
Why Martin Luther Was Disillusioned with the Church of Rome. In this essay the intent is to point out the reason to why Martin Luther was disappointed with the methods and . intention of the Roman Church, his entrance into monastery work. HIV Essay? How his Catholic upbringing contributed, his 95 theses on the issue of indulgences, his exile and religious symbolism the work the HIV Essay, reformation did to improve the situation, the way the Diet of Worms treated Martin Luther , the way he priests of Rome disregarded Luther’s work, the monastic life he lived before making his breakthrough in his own. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Indulgence 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther Martin Luther was a German theologian and symbolism religious reformer, who started the . Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. HIV Essay? Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther , his father, was a copper miner. Shmoop Importance Of Being? Luther received a sound primary and secondary education at HIV Essay Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. In 1501. Christianity , German language , Martin Luther 1214 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther King - Analysis Essay.
Pena 1 Rhetoric Analysis Essay Martin Luther King Jr. is known across the nation as a great hero and a great . leader during the civil rights movements from to Penn 1950 to 1963. King is the leader of some of the HIV Essay, major civil rights movements, one being the Birmingham “nonviolent direct-action” protest that took place in 1963. King is corporate strategies, also known for being the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference based out of Atlanta, Georgia. HIV Essay? Because of his popularity among Blacks, his life, family. African American , Birmingham, Alabama , Black people 1614 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther/ John Calvin Biography. Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483 in Eisleben Germany. His father was Hans Luther , a miner married to . Margarete Luther , Martin's mother.
Hans was determined for Martin to study law and eventually become a lawyer. Symbolism? Martin attended grammar school and once he graduated fulfilled his fathers wishes by attending law school. He then proceeded to drop out of law school, the HIV Essay, story goes he was in a bad storm and was afraid he was not going to symbolism survive, he dropped to his knees and said “Help! Saint. Catholic Church , Diet of Worms , Indulgence 1308 Words | 4 Pages.
? One of the greatest speakers ever known was Martin Luther King Jr. MLK was a huge driving force and leader for equal rights for . African Americans, and HIV Essay all races. Three excellent and moving speeches by Dr. Religious? King were; the HIV Essay, “Speech at the Great March on shmoop earnest, Detroit” delivered on June 23 1963, “I Have a Dream” speech delivered August 28 1963, and his “I Have Been to the Mountaintop” speech delivered on April 3 1968. In all of HIV Essay, these speeches King does a phenomenal job of motivating and leading his movement. Civil disobedience , I Have a Dream , Malcolm X 1160 Words | 3 Pages. A Comparison of the Writings of Luther and Montaigne. A Comparison of the Writings of Luther and Montaigne Martin Luther was born on symbolism, November 10, 1483.
He was a German . monk, priest, professor, theologian and HIV Essay church reformer. Ed China Gay? His teaching helped to inspire the Reformation, and influenced the doctrines of the Lutheran and Protestant traditions, as well as the course of western civilization. Luther's works and HIV Essay writing helped bring the saving ryan, Middle Ages to a close, and brought about the Modern Era of western civilization. His translation of the Bible furthered. Catholic Church , Johann Eck , Martin Luther 1394 Words | 4 Pages. Jonathan Wu Professor Davis English 1A Martin Luther King Jr., reverend and civil rights leader, was jailed after . leading a major protest against unfair hiring practices in Birmingham, Alabama. King was serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and was requested by a fellow affiliate, The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, to participate and engage in HIV Essay [what they called] a nonviolent direct-action program(164).
As King and his affiliates joined together. African American , Civil disobedience , Letter from Birmingham Jail 1194 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr.: Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther In 1517, German monk Martin Luther cited his grievances as he nailed the 95 Theses to . the wall of the church in Wittenberg. Luther’s complaints centered around his disapproval of the selling of indulgences, as the clergy asked for gifts and money in Essay to Penn exchange for the remission of one’s sins and to HIV Essay lessen one’s suffering in purgatory or even the chance of eternal life. Starbucks Corporate? The citing of these grievances is HIV Essay, believed to have begun the Protestant Reformation, with the intention of recreating. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Christian terms , Christianity 2349 Words | 6 Pages.
Both Martin Luther King and Trevor figured this out. They never waited for importance earnest, change to come their way, they changed things . themselves. A lot of people who take drugs fail to recognize how much their actions affect the people around them. No matter how small you think your actions seem, you made a huge difference in that other person’s life. Doctor Martin Luther King Junior became well known for being a civil rights activist. HIV Essay? He led many protests including the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Martin Luther.
African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther 807 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Technique Essay (Martin Luther King Jr.) King wrote “The Letter from starbucks Birmingham Jail” in contrast to the Clergymen’s “A Call for Unity,” and used all three rhetorical techniques: logos, ethos, and . pathos. Although all techniques provided the essential building blocks for a well-rounded essay , yet the use of HIV Essay, logos was most effective for it added reason, and exemplified a purpose that appealed to the Clergymen in ed china gay a way that showed authority, knowledge, and respect. In 1963 the eight white Clergymen from Birmingham addressed the courts. Birmingham, Alabama , Civil disobedience , Letter from HIV Essay Birmingham Jail 907 Words | 3 Pages.
Martin Luther: a Brief History/Impact on Western Civiliation. Martin Luther : A Brief History/Impact on Western Civiliation Martin Luther was a man with a purpose. . Born in 1483 in Eisleben, Martin Luther was a German Monk who started one of the greatest religious revolutions in monologue the history of the Western world. Before discussing the impact of his revolution on HIV Essay, the modern world, we must first establish some background information about the saving private intro, man and the Roman Catholic Church. Martin Luther lived a tough childhood where he did not enjoy the HIV Essay, customary joys that. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 783 Words | 3 Pages. The Reformation: Martin Luther and on An Application the End of Christian Religious Unity. The Reformation: Martin Luther and the End of Christian Religious Unity By the early 1500s, many people in Western Europe were . growing increasingly discontented and displeased with the Christian Church.
Many found the Pope too involved with secular (worldly) matters, rather than with his flocks spiritual well-being. HIV Essay? Lower church officials were poorly educated and broke vows by living richly and keeping mistresses. Some officials practiced simony, or passing down their title as priest or bishop. Catholic Church , Christianity , Jan Hus 1328 Words | 4 Pages. African-American citizens. This resulted in corporate the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorizing the federal government to enforce desegregation of public . accommodations and outlawing discrimination in publicly owned facilities. This also led to Martin Luther King receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for HIV Essay, 1964. Corporate? King's struggle continued throughout the 1960s. Often, it seemed as though the pattern of progress was two steps forward and one step back. On March 7, 1965, a civil rights march, planned from Selma.
African American , Jim Crow laws , Lyndon B. Johnson 898 Words | 3 Pages. Though Socrates and Martin Luther King, Jr. taught in separate eras of HIV Essay, history, the difficulty in properly approaching political . dissent was one of great importance to both. Indeed, as will be explored throughout this essay , both men held such a notion to be a necessary qualification for any healthy society. As we will encounter, the settings within each account, as outlined in private ryan Socrates' Crito, and Martin Luther King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail, are strikingly similar in comparison. While this.
Civil disobedience , Justice , Law 1458 Words | 4 Pages. ?MLK Final Essay During the Civil Rights movements, non-violence protest is a method used by African Americans to advocate for desegregation. . However, these protests were initially not accepted by many whites. In 1963, while Martin Luther King was arrested in the Birmingham jail because he supported a protest in Birmingham, eight Alabama clergymen published a statement accusing the non-violence protest for disturbing order, showing untimely impatience and inciting violence. Since the HIV Essay, clergymen believed. African American , Black people , Civil disobedience 921 Words | 4 Pages.
Ap Euro Martin Luther Conservative or Revolutionary. Paul Nassif 10/1/12 Mr. Walters FRQ #2 “ Luther was both a revolutionary and symbolism a conservative.” Evaluate this statement with . respect to Luther’s responses to the political and social questions of HIV Essay, his day. Martin Luther was one of the greatest monks, priests, and theological teachers of Germany, along with being the symbol of the Protestant Reformation. He did not start off so religious however. One day he was caught in a frightening and shmoop earnest dangerous storm. He prayed to God begging. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 1706 Words | 5 Pages.
Major Differences Between the Thought of Martin Luther and the Ideas of the Medieval Latin- Rite Tradition. Introduction In this essay I will first briefly discuss the background that led to HIV Essay the revolt of Martin Luther . against the Christian Church. Religious? Next I will discuss the HIV Essay, major differences between his thoughts and the ideas of the starbucks corporate, Medieval Latin-Rite tradition in a systematic way and finally conclude this essay by evaluating the thoughts of HIV Essay, Martin Luther . Importance? Background It is believed that the western Church needed to be reformed at the beginning of the sixteen-century for various reasons. One of the. Catholic Church , Christianity , Eucharist 2136 Words | 6 Pages. To what extent was martin Luther responsible for the protestant reformation in Germany? To what extent was Martin Luther responsible for the 'revolutionary' Protestant reformation in HIV Essay Germany? In this . essay , I will attempt to assess the extent of Martin Luther's role in the Protestant reformation that took place at the beginning of the sixteenth century in Germany.
Luther's name is synonymous with the religious Reformation of the ed china gay, sixteenth century, or the HIV Essay, 'evangelical movement' as it is sometimes called, but the actual details of the Reformation itself are somewhat lesser known. Luther's. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Lutheranism 1976 Words | 7 Pages. Martin Luther Dbq-Ap European History. Justine Chapel November 19, 2012 AP Euro P3 Martin Luther DBQ By the 1500’s many issues shows signs of symbolism, disorder within the . Church. The idea of selling indulgences (forgiveness for sin) for HIV Essay, clergy benefit began to negatively spread throughout the people, along with opposition to pluralism (holding more than one office).
This sparked many attempts to example monologue reform the church through individual groups, one of which being the Brotherhood of Common Life. One of their accomplishments was starting schools for. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 1053 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Research Paper. Martin Luther King Jr. Non-Fiction Essay Dreams are what keep people motivated. They drive people to work hard and . continue pushing. Dreams are what lead to HIV Essay put into action. Dreams are necessary in the world and always will be because nothing ever will be perfect, something is on An Application State, always going to HIV Essay be unfair to religious symbolism some group. However, a lot of the time dreams are shot down and that is just part of the HIV Essay, process. Ed China Gay? That is why change is not easy to accomplish.
That is HIV Essay, why it takes someone or something of great. African American , Black people , Civil disobedience 1188 Words | 3 Pages. Exit Project Martin Luther King Jr. Monologue? “There comes a time that . people get tired. HIV Essay? We are here this evening to say to those who have mistreated us so long that we are tired-tired of being segregated and humiliated; tired of being kicked about by the brutal feet of oppression.” - Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15th 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 1151 Words | 4 Pages. The Contributions of Cardinal Richelieu and Martin Luther to Modernization in Europe. centralization in ed china gay government. Cardinal Richelieu and HIV Essay Martin Luther are among the many historical figures who played important . roles in the modernization process. Their thought processes and philosophies contributed specifically to the aspects of centralized government and urbanization in terms of revolutionary thought processes.
Richelieu and Luther were both pioneers of two important concepts today, Richelieu pioneering absolutism, and starbucks corporate Luther pioneering the reformation and development of Protestantism. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 1832 Words | 5 Pages. Martin Luther King’s Impact on the African American Culture Isaiah Gentry Mr. Williams English III 28 February 2013 . Martin Luther King Jr. HIV Essay? has made a significant impact on the African American Culture, throughout his 39 years of life. His main goal was to secure progress on saving private ryan intro, civil rights in the United States, and with that he has become a human rights icon. HIV Essay? Martin Luther King Jr. was a fascinating man who had become a priest with many goals and accomplishments while trying to pursue his. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Lyndon B. Private Intro? Johnson 1457 Words | 4 Pages. letter is directed to the white clergymen who had criticized these demonstrations and HIV Essay also called him an outsider and troublemaker. Chronological and . Topical Scope: Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and religious symbolism imprisoned for participating in these nonviolent demonstrations. Thesis and Main Points: In the letter Martin Luther King Jr.’s says, “I am in Birmingham because injustice is here.” His thesis is that there is HIV Essay, injustice and injustice has seized the civil rights movement. Because of these.
African American , Civil disobedience , Ida B. Wells 755 Words | 3 Pages. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: An American Leader During his brief lifetime, Dr. Martin Luther King, . Jr. led an exemplary life of leadership. Religious Symbolism? Prior to HIV Essay his assassination on corporate strategies, April 4, 1968 (“About Dr.
King”), Dr. HIV Essay? Martin Luther King, Jr. Of A? was an important figure in the Civil Rights Movement. HIV Essay? His work to end racial discrimination, however, was not the only thing King did to establish his legacy in American history as an ryan, important leader. HIV Essay? His political activism, diplomatic virtue and efforts to corporate improve. African American , Civil Rights Act of 1964 , Law 864 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr.: A Civil Rights Activist Dr. . Martin Luther King Jr. was a very influential person to the civil rights movement who made some of the greatest contributions to end legal segregation, thus changing society for HIV Essay, the better. He was one of the most respected African Americans during the civil rights movement. He did not want anyone to be discriminated against because of their race or their skin color.
He set. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King 1053 Words | 3 Pages. The Idea of ed china gay, Justification by Faith through Grace: Martin Luther King Jr. Ch. HIV Essay? 18 Question 2: What did Luther mean by shmoop justification by faith? How did he come to this idea?
Martin Luther , a . Protestant reformer and possibly one of the most influential theologians ever, developed the HIV Essay, idea of symbolism, justification by HIV Essay faith through grace. Martin Luther had been searching for salvation, but had no luck. He had become a monk in trying to guarantee his salvation. He seemed dedicated living his life as a monk, but the holy life of a monk did not bring him the assurance of salvation he. Christian terms , John Calvin , Justification 1735 Words | 5 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Contribution to the Church and the Reformation. into a new arena of thought in relation to how the Church, his name was Martin Luther . The following writing will be a short . On An Application? biographical work of Martin Luther showing some of the events of his life and HIV Essay how through them, he changed the Church as well as contributed to the progress of the Reformation concluding with a look at ed china gay his life in a way to show more of who Luther was as opposed to what he did.
Martin Luther was born in Eisleben Germany on November 10, 1493 before moving to Mansfield. All Saints' Church, Wittenberg , Bible , Indulgence 2550 Words | 7 Pages. in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by HIV Essay the content of shmoop, their character” (“ Martin Luther King . Jr.”). These wise and upholding words of HIV Essay, confidence and determination changed the monologue, face of America during a time of hate and discrimination. King’s inspirational leadership and speeches helped make a local bus protest into HIV Essay, a historical event (“King, Martin Luther Jr.”) He gathered thousands of example, people, both black and white, to HIV Essay many encouraging protests and ed china gay meetings to bring. African American , Black people , Civil disobedience 1975 Words | 6 Pages. ? Simmons 1 Gabrielle Simmons Mrs. Fitzgerald Social Studies 8A 4/27/10 Martin Luther King Jr. Martin . Luther King Jr. is HIV Essay, a well known and an inspiring man to all cultures of the world.
King was and still is one of the most influential heroes. King's views and believes helped African Americans through the 50's and religious 60's to the rights and liberties that was their right. King faced many obstacles on HIV Essay, his journey, things like jail and even assassination attempts. Despite these obstacles, he. African American , Black people , Lyndon B. Religious? Johnson 1207 Words | 7 Pages. Martin Luther King, Jr. Student Name Institution Famous Deeds of HIV Essay, Martin Luther King, Jr.Change . is the single permanent thing in this world. Ed China Gay? Time passes, events happen and soon they are forgotten, but some people leave permanent marks on history and the life of others. HIV Essay? People who leave marks are said to be famous.
These people have the courage to dream, change the lives of Essay on An to Penn State, others, and have the HIV Essay, capacity to religious symbolism accept the new and HIV Essay escape the old. One such person is example of a monologue, Martin Luther King, Jr. born Michael. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King 713 Words | 2 Pages. Martin Luther King, Jr.: His Life and Battle for Freedom In my unit 5 project I will discuss the life of HIV Essay, Martin . Luther King Jr. I will define how his personal ideologies might have contributed to on An to Penn his assassination. HIV Essay? I will discuss the implications of his assassinations from a sociological perspective. All through the discussions, I will explore his life and journey as freedom leader and his will to gain justice via nonviolent and peaceful protest against racial discrimination and oppressions. Shmoop Importance Of Being? . Lyndon B. Johnson , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Montgomery Bus Boycott 1439 Words | 3 Pages. ?Patrick Moosissian English M01A Professor Jacques 20 October 2013 Martin Luther King Jr.
Reading through the HIV Essay, commentaries . of George E. Carter and Keith D. Miller, another perspective of of a monologue, Martin Luther King Jr. was exposed to me, that I was unaware of when first reading his famous works such as, “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, and his famous speech, “I Have a Dream”. Both men offered a different side of HIV Essay, their views on MLK, providing analysis on his rhetorical writing styles as well as his influences. American philosophy , Civil disobedience , Henry David Thoreau 1305 Words | 7 Pages. ? Martin Luther King was a well-known civil rights leader and activist who had a great deal of influence on American society in ed china gay . the 1950s and 1960s. His strong belief in HIV Essay non-violent protest helped set the tone of the movement. Boycotts, protests, and marches were eventually effective, and much legislation was passed against ed china gay racial discrimination. However, it is arguable that he was not always successful and there were several contributions outside of his control such as: the lure of black power. African American , Civil disobedience , Martin Luther King, Jr. HIV Essay? 1402 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Ariunsaikhan Batkhuyag Slavery in the United States was abolished in 1865 with the . ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the states constitution, but little has been done in order to give black people real rights. Adoption of the Black Codes in the southern states, instead of saying the political rights of former slaves, has led to the fact that they were away from the example of a, political life of the country.
Segregation as a form of racial discrimination. African American , Civil disobedience , Jim Crow laws 810 Words | 3 Pages. English 9/Period 2 18 October 2011 Martin Luther King Jr. One name changed the face of HIV Essay, America. Ed China Gay? One man had an ambitious . dream. That man was Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. believed that one person could change everything. MLK Jr. was the HIV Essay, most important man in private ryan the Civil Rights movement. He experienced racism at a very young age and later was the biggest contributor to the Civil Rights movement until his life came to an abrupt end. Martin Luther King was born January 15, 1929 in. African American , Coretta Scott King , Martin Luther King III 1295 Words | 4 Pages.
The Assassination of Martin Luther King. Assassination of Martin Luther King On the 4th of HIV Essay, April 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated by religious . the convict James Earl Ray. He was shot on his hotel balcony though his neck and spinal cord at HIV Essay 6:05 in the evening; he died an hour later in St Joseph’s hospital, Memphis, Tennessee at the age of 39. James Earl Ray was locked in shmoop importance a bathroom of a motel less than 200 feet away from HIV Essay where Martin Luther was standing. It is thought that he killed him to be remembered or because he was extremely racist. Martin Luther. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 975 Words | 3 Pages. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial is the newest memorial to be built in Washington D.C. The memorial was finished with . Starbucks Corporate Strategies? construction in HIV Essay the summer of monologue, 2011. This memorial celebrates the life of one of the most influential leaders of the HIV Essay, Civil Rights era, Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. This is a reminder of Dr. Kings’ powerful impact on the country and even the world. It was only right that a memorial was built in Washington D.C. to Essay on An to Penn honor the life of this powerful man. Dr. Kings’ memorial is HIV Essay, located. Abraham Lincoln , African-American Civil Rights Movement , I Have a Dream 1978 Words | 5 Pages.
A Dream in Retrospect: Remembering Martin Luther King Junior History abounds with traces marked by people with a dream, and one . Monologue? of the most prominent of these dreamers is Martin Luther King Jr. who voiced his dream in one of the HIV Essay, most famous speeches “I Have a Dream” presented in history in front of thousands of people year 1963 and changed the course of history. Corporate? MLK Jr. is an important figure and leader in African American history. He is notably renowned for his civil rights movement, and his demand. African American , Chicago , Harpo Productions 866 Words | 3 Pages. Dr.
Martin Luther King’s Funeral and Assassination Word spread like wildfire when the news of HIV Essay, Dr. Martin . Luther King Jr.’s assassination hit the starbucks, public. HIV Essay? As the shmoop of being, leading civil rights activist in the 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. HIV Essay? preached words of peace and understanding among races. A well known name throughout the North and South, King gained extreme popularity within the African American community. When Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated a wave of religious symbolism, sorrow spread across the nation.
With rage. African American , I Have a Dream , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1620 Words | 6 Pages. ?‘ Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in HIV Essay Atlanta, Georgia. Monologue? . Martin Luther King was originally Michael, but it was later changed to Martin . HIV Essay? He was born to Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. King father was named Michael king until he changed it to Martin which King name was changed to Martin . Starbucks Corporate? The King family took a trip to Germany, which made them change their name to Martin Luther to HIV Essay honor the symbolism, Protestant leader Martin Luther . HIV Essay? Martin.
African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King 1390 Words | 3 Pages. Modern History Research Assignment 2013 Semester 1 Martin Luther King in the Civil Rights Movement Due Week 4 May 6th . Hypothesis: Martin Luther King was a key persona in religious the early Civil Rights Movement and was successful in creating positive change in African American life Black Power!. Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.20th Century History. HIV Essay? N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2013. http://history1900s.about.com/cs/martinlutherking/a/mlkassass.htm Anderson, Maureen, Anne Low, and religious Ian Keese. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 1635 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr. and Henry David Thoreau. The essays by Martin Luther King Jr., “Letters From Birmingham Jail” and HIV Essay Henry David Thoreau, “Civil Disobedience” . Ed China Gay? show how one can be a civil person and protest against unfair, unjust laws forced upon HIV Essay them. Saving Private Ryan Intro? Both authors are very persuasive in their letter writings.
Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King Jr. write about the HIV Essay, injustice of government laws, of right and wrong, and one’s moral and ed china gay upstanding conscience of a human being. Martin Luther King Jr. is a religious, peaceful man who uses. Civil and HIV Essay political rights , Civil disobedience , Henry David Thoreau 972 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King is a well known, inspiring man, to all cultures of the world. King was and still is one of the most . influential heroes. King's views and symbolism beliefs, which were similar to the non-violent ideas of Gandhi, helped African Americans through the 50's and 60's obtain the rights and liberties that was their birth right.
King faced many obstacles on his quest like jail and even assassination attempts. Despite these obstacles, he became a successful leader during the Civil Rights Movement. African American , Civil disobedience , Jim Crow laws 1169 Words | 4 Pages.
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Title . Retrieved from URL. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for the source that they’re using. Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and so on. Scroll down to find the proper format for HIV Essay, the source you’re trying to cite. If you would like to of a, cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the citation process easier for you. HIV Essay. In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for symbolism, word, from another source and include it in HIV Essay their own research projects. This is starbucks corporate strategies, done for many reasons.
Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself. HIV Essay. Other times, the author’s words can help prove a point or establish an on An Application to Penn, understanding for something in your research project. When using another author’s exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it. In addition to using the exact words from another source and placing them into HIV Essay, your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information. Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in your own words.
When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference. They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase. Essay On An Application To Penn State. This information is HIV Essay, included in saving order to help the reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to include this information when you’re simply referring to another source. Here’s are some examples of HIV Essay in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport.
The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52). Student teachers who use technology in of being earnest their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). If including the HIV Essay, author’s names in the sentence, only strategies, include the year in HIV Essay the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to shmoop importance of being earnest, continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The full references, or citations, for HIV Essay, these sources can be found on the last part of a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and shmoop importance earnest develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on Citation Machine. HIV Essay. Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage.
Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. As stated above, reference list citations are the full citations for ed china gay, all of the in-text citations found in HIV Essay the body of a research project. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names. They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published).
Title . Religious. Retrieved from HIV Essay URL. Learn more about saving, each component of the HIV Essay, reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the initials for the first and middle names. End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. Essay Application. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. HIV Essay. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M.
Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. J, He, Y. If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and then add the shmoop importance of being earnest, last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Lopez, G. S. If you plan on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the names of the authors will format properly for you. Directly after the HIV Essay, author’s name is the date the source was published. Include the full date for newspapers, the corporate strategies, month and HIV Essay year for Essay to Penn State, magazine articles, and HIV Essay only the year for ed china gay, journals and all other sources. If no date is HIV Essay, found on the source, include the religious, initials, n.d. for “no date.” Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of HIV Essay 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder. The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the first word of the title and the first word of the ed china gay, subtitle.
Names of people, places, organizations, and HIV Essay other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized. For books and reports, italicize the title in an APA citation. Strange case of Dr. Example Monologue. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Roots: The saga of an American family. For articles and chapters in APA referencing, do not italicize the title. Wake up the nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and other periodicals, capitalize the HIV Essay, first letter in each word and italicize the title. The Seattle Times. A common question is whether to underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in religious symbolism quotation marks. They are either placed in italics or not.
Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the HIV Essay, title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and Essay on An Application State is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Books, movies, journals, and HIV Essay television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on ed china gay an album, episodes of television shows, chapters in HIV Essay books, and articles in journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by following proper APA bibliography guidelines. Additional Information about the saving private intro, Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the title. Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. HIV Essay. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993).
Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. Information About the Publication. For books and example monologue reports, include the city and state, or the city and HIV Essay country, of the publisher’s location. Instead of ed china gay typing out the entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. HIV Essay. Type out the entire country name when including areas outside of the United States.
After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the Application, name of the publisher. It is HIV Essay, not necessary to include the entire name of the publisher. It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form. However, if Books or Press are part of the publisher’s names, keep these words in of a monologue the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and others can be omitted.
For newspapers, journals, magazines, and other periodicals, include the volume and HIV Essay issue number after the title in an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by itself, in italics. The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. (2016, May). A study on the role of computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Ed China Gay. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/ERR2016.2688. If the publisher is a college or university, and HIV Essay the location name matches part of the school’s information, exclude the publisher information from the citation. Essay On An Application State. After including the location and publisher information, end this section of the HIV Essay, citation with a period. London, England: Pearson.
New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for you. Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to learn more. For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at the end of a citation. DOI numbers are often created by publishers for journal articles and other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. Shmoop. When a journal article is HIV Essay, assigned a DOI number, it is static, and ed china gay will never change. Because of HIV Essay its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations. When a DOI number is Essay to Penn, not available, include the source’s URL. For DOIs, include the number in this format: For URLs, only HIV Essay, include the information about the Essay on An, homepage and write it in this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the HIV Essay, source changes often over time. - It is not necessary to include the names of databases.
When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically. Click here for more information about the basics of APA. APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of example of a work . HIV Essay. Location: Publisher. Religious. Dickens, C. (1942). Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead. HIV Essay. Print Books with Two or More Authors. Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date).
Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. (2008). The race between education and technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Starbucks. Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. HIV Essay. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate. When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: Last name of chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx).
Publishing City, State: Publisher. APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. (2001). Ed China Gay. The role of media literacy education within social networking and HIV Essay the library. Religious Symbolism. In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp. 39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. APA reference Structure for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. (Year published). Chapter title. HIV Essay. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. Application State. xx-xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx or Retrieved from HIV Essay http://xxxx.
Example for Chapters in saving ryan Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. HIV Essay. (2003). Introduction to the structural chemistry of private intro zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp. 65-89). Retrieved from https://books.google.com.
If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Your citations will automatically format properly when using the generator. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work [E-reader Version]. http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. (2007).
The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Retrieved from http://www.barnesandnoble.com/ Only the first letter of the HIV Essay, first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . http://dx.doi.org/xxxx or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Ryan Intro. Baloh, P., Burke, M. E. (2007). HIV Essay. Attaining organizational innovations. To cite your e-books automatically, use the “Book” form on Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on “Manual entry mode,” and click the of a, “E-book” tab.
Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Author Last name, F. I. HIV Essay. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Essay Application. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013).
The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419. If your source is found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. A DOI (digital object identifier) is HIV Essay, basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in shmoop importance of being earnest your citation rather than including a URL. Unlike previous editions of APA, the HIV Essay, 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is ed china gay, only necessary if the source is likely to change (ex.
Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range.
Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009). Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for you. Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an article appears is on non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp. D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to HIV Essay, include the date of access for electronic sources. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Day Published). Title of article.
Title of Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. Essay To Penn State. (2006, September 14). HIV Essay. First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article . Title of Newspaper. Religious. Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31).
College athletes want cut of action. USA Today . Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). HIV Essay. Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range. Quammen, D. (2008, December). Example Of A. The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106.
Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. HIV Essay. Retrieved from URL. Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-long-can-a-spinoff-like-better-call-saul-last/ Last name, First initial. (Year, Month, Date of blog post).
Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL of blog post. McClintock Miller, S. Saving Private. (2014, January 28). EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://vanmeterlibraryvoice.blogspot.com. On our APA citation machine form for blogs, you have the option to choose from standard, audio, and video blogs. Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for you.
Writer Last Name, F. I. HIV Essay. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year aired). Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. I. Ed China Gay. (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . HIV Essay. City, State of original channel: Channel. Religious Symbolism. Lin, K. (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014). Chapter 18 [Television series episode].
In Bays, C. (Executive producer), House of cards . Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and radio broadcasts use the same form. HIV Essay. Producer Last Name, F. I. (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year Released). Title of ryan film [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio. Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. HIV Essay. (Director). (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion Picture]. United States: Miramax. There is the option to ed china gay, automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder. HIV Essay. It is highly recommended not to use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Importance. Instead, this type of HIV Essay source should be formatted as an in-text or parenthetical citation.
However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. Ed China Gay. I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. HIV Essay. (2011, December 12). Personal Interview. Shmoop Importance. If you are planning on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for you.
Songs Musical Recordings found Online. HIV Essay. *Note: If the name of the songwriter is the same as the example monologue, name of the recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the name of the song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created). Song title [Recorded by First initial. Middle initial. Last name of the performer’s name or the name of the HIV Essay, band]. On Album Title [Medium].
Retrieved from URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. Essay On An Application To Penn. On Until Now [Audio file]. Retrieved from https://open.spotify.com/track/0VffaI2jwQknRrxpECYHsF. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Music/Audio,” to automatically cite your songs and musical recordings.
Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to use. Doctoral Dissertations found on HIV Essay a Database: Last name, First initial. Starbucks Strategies. Middle initial. (Year published). Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx). English, L. S. (2014). The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F).
On our APA citation machine, there is a form for dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of HIV Essay podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. (Producer). (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.historyextra.com/podcasts.
If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the “Blog/Podcast,” form to cite your podcasts automatically. Importance Of Being. Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of posting). HIV Essay. Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL. Damien, M. Of A. [Marcelo Damien]. HIV Essay. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Symbolism. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/mr4TDnR0ScM. HIV Essay. If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Film” to automatically cite your YouTube videos.
Looking for a source type that is not on this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source. When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations. Looking to create an APA format title page? Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at importance the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Can be non-fiction or fiction.
A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and opinion articles. A collection of pages that provides information about a certain topic. A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research. A motion picture or movie. HIV Essay. Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos.
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Conflict Mapping: the HIV Essay Tunisia Revolution Essay Sample. Conflict Mapping the Tunisian Revolution from the perspective of the main advocates that took over this revolution, the ed china gay youth of Tunisia through their participation in HIV Essay, crucial events, reflected on the problems their country face in the transition to democracy. First the revolution was initiated by disillusioned youth who succeeded in bringing together a broad coalition of social and ryan intro political forces against the Ben Ali’s regime. Second the coalition was able to bring down the regime due to longstanding and widespread discontent in the country that stemmed from factors such as: massive unemployment especially among the youth, unequal regional development and lack of equitable distribution of wealth, stifling political repression, and a corrupt ruling family. Third, the young people who initiated the revolution are not politically organized, and old and newly established political forces, many of which do not represent the interests of the youth. The Tunisian revolution started in HIV Essay, the center of the country in the small town of Sidi Bouzid on December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a 26 year-old fruit vendor, set himself on fire to protest economic conditions and police mistreatment. Private. Fayda Hamidi, a 45 year-old female officer of the municipal police, confiscated Bouazizi’s wares because he did not have a vendors permit. Bouaziz was furious and insulted her. For a Tunisian man, being slapped by a woman in public constitutes a major humiliation. Deeply offended, Bouazizi’s tried to HIV Essay file a complaint with the municipal thorities.
Apparently the governor refused to see him, even after Bouazizi threatened to burn himself. He set himself on fire in saving, front of the main government building in HIV Essay, Sidi Bouzid. A couple hours after Bouazizi’s self-immolation, several hundred young people assembled in the same place to express their solidarity with Bouazizi and shmoop earnest protest economic hardship and youth unemployment, as well as police abuses . HIV Essay. …’’xxsswsjhl’kjgda. Clashes between demonstrators and the police erupted as more people joined in the rallies. Protestors set up a coordinating committee that began relaying information to ed china gay demonstrators. Images and videos of the protests and of police brutality against demonstrators surfaced on the Internet and Facebook.
For the moment, however, national media completely ignored the HIV Essay uprising in Sidi Bouzid. On December 20, young people in the neighboring towns staged a protest in example, solidarity with Sidi Bouzid. Over the next few days it spread to HIV Essay other cities in Tunisia. Protestors responded to police violence by throwing stones, burning tires in the street, and torching official government buildings and cars. The police fired on demonstrators, killing two of them and injuring many more but the protestors would not retreat. During the Essay on An Application to Penn week young bloggers and cyber activist from Tunis and HIV Essay other regions and towns joined in the demonstration to on An State record and report the events to HIV Essay the country and the world. On January 4, 2011 Mohamed Bouazizi died of his burns. Of Being Earnest. More than 5 thousand people attend the funeral. The protest became national, as young people and trade unionist took to the streets in unprecedented numbers.
Tensions had been escalating within Tunisian society over the past decade. Bouazizi’s self-immolation ignited protests that expressed longstanding discontent among various groups and social strata. Frustrations stemmed not only from economic malaise but also from suffocated repression and HIV Essay increasingly visible corruption within the ed china gay ruling family. The escalation was ignited first by the neo-liberal economic policies of the old regime reinforced a pattern of uneven development that marginalized the HIV Essay central and eastern desert region and concentrated wealth in the northern and western coastal regions of the country. This approach resulted in low wages and job insecurity and failed to generate enough jobs to on An to Penn employ young people entering the work force. Tunisia’s development model was popular with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, these institutions praised Tunisia approach because it encouraged foreign investment, created flexible workforce, and lowered taxes on the businesses. While this structural adjustment policy generated growth, the fruits of growth had not been evenly distributed. As a result the central and western regions had experienced extremely high rates of unemployment and poverty rates four times higher then the rest of the country. Second by the state corruption, the notorious excesses of the authoritarian regime played a major role in exacerbating popular dissatisfaction.
Tunisians became more aware of the corruption of HIV Essay, Ben Ali and his ruling clique in 2009 through revelations published in the international media. It became common knowledge that the president and his wife ran a mafia-like network involving family and close friends that plundered the country and amassed amazing wealth. Shmoop Earnest. They controlled all major businesses, from information and communication technology though banking to manufacturing, retail, transportation, agriculture and food processing. Political repression and the lack of HIV Essay, liberties was a third important factor that provoked discontent and the escalation that lead to this revolution. Tunisians were not allowed to voice criticisms of Ben Ali and his government and the regime systematically repressed any forms of political dissent. Human right activists, journalists, and members of the opposition were subject to constant surveillance, harassment, and imprisonment. Legislation was used to Application to Penn State exert pressure on journalist and editors to HIV Essay tighten restriction on freedom of expression. Example Of A Monologue. The regime developed a sophisticated approach to HIV Essay online censorship and denial to free access to Internet.
The authorities blocked access to several Internet sites and engaged in large-scale hacking operation of its citizens’ websites and private accounts. In addition to suppressing the media and the Internet, the regime repressed any popular criticism of the government and its leaders. With few exceptions, all organizations and associations that worked on political issues were denied legal registration. Of A. Independent organizations had very little operation, since they were not allowed to hold public meetings or engage in any sort of public criticism of the HIV Essay regime. The main actors of the example of a monologue revolution were Mohamed Bouazizi, young cyber activists, young unemployed generation, and civil society group including trade union movement, lawyers, and HIV Essay opposition parties that joined as the conflict escalated. The story Bouazizi and role in the revolution has been a source of debate. Some present him as a heroic martyr and the father of the Tunisian revolution.
He has been credited with galvanizing the frustrated youth across the region to stage mass demonstrations and revolt against their government. He is seen as a revolutionary hero who changed the course of history in Tunisia and influenced events in other North African and Middle Eastern countries. Although others had mixed feelings about him, considering him not a hero and not the first to set himself on fire in protest of the government. The Tunisian revolution was not only fought on the street but also in the Internet forums, blogs, Facebook pages, and of a Twitter. Young bloggers used online social networks to HIV Essay expose the government abuse and distribute information about the situation in Tunisia on the web, while the Essay on An government control print and broadcast media completely ignored the popular uprising.
The Tunisian regime censored the Internet for many years. Popular video-sharing websites such as Youtube and Dailymotion, were blocked, while social networking sites, especially Facebook were shut down periodically. The majority of the young people who took to HIV Essay the street were unemployed and underemployed graduates who were disillusioned. Many of them had completed their higher education and had valuable technical skills, but were still unable to find work. Left with no opportunities for work, the young graduates survive in saving private intro, irregular underpaid jobs in the service sector, construction and foreign call centers. Without any serious support from the state, many unemployed young graduates were bound to find a livelihood in the informal sector. These strategies did not guarantee any long-term job security and made them disillusioned with the government’s ability to HIV Essay address problems.
It is on An Application to Penn, not surprising that they became the main actors of the Tunisian revolution. They are young, knowledgeable and full of energy, but they have no jobs and no real prospects for the future. They had no stake in society and were prepared to engage in violence out of sheer desperation. During the twenty-nine days of protests, young unemployed graduates came into the streets in HIV Essay, force and example of a skillfully used the Internet to fight the system in the hope for better opportunities. The Civil Society Groups consisted of lawyers, teachers, journalist and political parties. Tunisian lawyers staged large protest in front of the courthouse in Tunis and other cities across the country to protest government abuses and defend human rights. HIV Essay. As the conflict escalated, the opposition political party became involved. Although the Tunisian General Labor Union (UGTT) initially decided to playa mediating role between the government and the demonstrators, it soon changed its position. Local and regional unions decided to join the youth much sooner its position.
The participation of the UGTT helped form a broader national coalition against the regime. The youth was transformed into a revolution as the demands widened from a solution. Following the departure of Ben Ali, Fouad Mebazza, immediately interim president and interim. The mandate of the provisional government was to manage the first phase of the country’s political transition and prepare for Essay State, the election of the National Constituent Assembly, which would approve the HIV Essay new Tunisian constitution. From the moment it was formed there were serious challenges, the shmoop governments head was still the headed by interim Prime Minister Mohammed Ghannouchi, who was cabinet minister. Young Tunisians rejected this government even though it included a member of the HIV Essay young cyber activist. Protesters in Tunis called for resignation of the interim government. Ten days late, a second more inclusive government was appointed, still headed by saving private ryan, Ghannouchi. Protestors voiced frustration over the slow pace of HIV Essay, change and accused Ghannouchi of being close to Ben Ali regime. From the first to the second interim government included the ruling party, the of a monologue Raessemblement Constitutionel Democratique (RCD) the same regime that was in power when Ben Ali was president. The government legalized the formation of more political parties and granted amnesty to political prisoners.
It issued an international arrest warrant for Ben Ali and HIV Essay his close relatives and extended relatives. National committees ere established to deal with human rights violations, embezzlement and corruption, and shmoop importance corruption. HIV Essay. Youth took to shmoop of being the street again and days of protest Ghannouchi resigned. Caid- Essebi became prime minister appeared more neutral and managed to HIV Essay keep distance from Ben Ali’s regime. Soon after taking u his post, the new interim prime minister announced dissolution of ed china gay, Ben Ali’s political police and security apparatus which was a critical issue for HIV Essay, the young protesters and the opposition parties. Young Tunisians today are seriously worried about the direction the country is taking and doubt that Caid-Essebsi’s government is willing and able to dismantle the power structures of the old regime.
One of the major discussions going among Tunisians today, and of being earnest among the young people in particular is how to HIV Essay deal with the former members of the Constitutional Democratic Rally (RCD) who continue to hold power. Under the regime of Ben Ali no one was able to go far without being co-opted in to the RCD. The party dominated all aspects political, economic, and social life in the country. During the dictatorship there was no separation between state and the party, and real multiparty democracy was not allowed. Ed China Gay. Young people who hold a radical position want all former RCD members to be removed. There is an HIV Essay estimated two or three million ex-RCD cadres and officials still active in the state administration and the private sector. When Ben Ali regime was toppled, Tunisia had only eight political parties since then the corporate strategies RCD has been abolished, opposition parties have been legalized and new political forces have been created and authorized to join the HIV Essay electoral register. Ed China Gay. By the end of June 2011, the country had 94 political parties on its electoral list. A combination of HIV Essay, factors made Tunisian revolution a success it turned out to be, First, the growing malaise in the country made it difficult for the regime to continue in the same path. Second, the large number of example of a monologue, university- educated youths without employment or prospects constituted a mass of potential activists.
Third, Tunisian had extensive Internet access, and its youth were savvy about HIV Essay, using the Internet for subversive purposes and defending it from importance of being government censorship, Fourth, the Tunisian military was quite weak and did not back the regime, while the HIV Essay police were hated for police brutal attempts of repression. All these factors led to the creation of a broad coalition movement that, by mid-January, included all the important sectors of society. Alexander, C. (2011). Tunisia protest wave: where it comes from and what it means. Middle East Foreign Policy. Collins, Nicholas (2011). Voices of a. Revolution : Conversation with the Tunisia’s Youth. National Democratic Institute.
Available at http: www.ndi/org/files/conversations-with-tunsia-youth-apr-2011.pdf Hauge, Wenche (2012). When Peace Prevails: The Management of Political Crisis in Ecuador, Madagascar, Tunsia, and Venezuela. Alternatives 35, 469-493. Of A. Hedi Bchir, M. Abdelbasset Chemingui M. and H. Ben Hammouda. (2009) Ten years after implementing he Barcelona Process: what can be learned from Tunisia experience. The Journal of North African Studies14,2,123-144. Goldstone, Jack (2011). HIV Essay. Understanding the Revolution of Essay on An State, 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies. Foreign Affairs 6, 8-16. HIV Essay. Noor, Naseema (2011). Tunisia: The Revolution that Started it All. International Affairs Review 15, 25-58.
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